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Un Repaso del subjuntivo. The subjunctive is a MOOD not a TENSE. The Subjunctive mood, like the Indicative mood, has several tenses (present, present.

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Presentation on theme: "Un Repaso del subjuntivo. The subjunctive is a MOOD not a TENSE. The Subjunctive mood, like the Indicative mood, has several tenses (present, present."— Presentation transcript:

1 Un Repaso del subjuntivo

2 The subjunctive is a MOOD not a TENSE. The Subjunctive mood, like the Indicative mood, has several tenses (present, present perfect, past…)

3 Tense tells us when the action is taking place (present, past or future) Mood tells us the attitude of the speaker towards the action (indicative, subjunctive, or imperative)

4 We use the subjunctive rarely in English but much more frequently in Spanish! I hope you have fun. BUT in Spanish we would say: I hope that you have fun. THAT= que in Spanish

5 The indicative is used to describe facts. It is what is considered true/certain. Mrs. Boyce is a Spanish teacher. I go to CB South High School. I know that Spring is here. It is true that there is a quiz on Monday.

6 The subjunctive is used to express feelings, judgements, and emotions about actions. It is what is desirable, possible, doubtful, uncertain. It is important that Joe works harder. I hope that you clean your room. Just because we want these things, doesnt mean they will happen or are certain.

7 Subj. Indicator + que + verb in the subjunctive Subjunctive indicators are statements of: will (indirect commands) necessity obligation emotion/feeling doubt possibility

8 The subjunctive can ONLY be used after the conjunction que. Usually, there are 2 subjects: 1 for the verb before que, which triggers the subjunctive; and a different subject for the verb after que, which is in the subjunctive. If there is no que, the second verb will not be conjugated, and there is not a second subject in the sentence. Mi madre insiste en hacer la cama. VS. Mi madre insiste en QUE yo haga la cama.

9 Consider the YO form of the present indicative. Drop the letter O Apply the opposite vowel from that of the infinitive -AR: e, es, e, emos, en -ER/-IR: a, as, a, amos, an

10 SACAR : saque… PAGAR: pague… ABRAZAR: abrace… Spelling change occurs in ALL FORMS of the subjunctive.

11 -AR & -ER are SHOE VERBS (no stem change in nosotros form) -IR stem changers have a stem change in usual forms (THE SHOE), and on in the nosotros form (it MAY be different than that of the other forms) Nosotros stem change for –IR stem changer: E-I O-U

12 SER: sea IR: vaya DAR: dé, des, dé, demos, den ESTAR: esté, etsés, esté, estemos, estén SABER: sepa

13 CB south is a big school. I hope that she gets an A. My mom insists that I make my bed. I am sad that she is leaving tomorrow. We doubt that it will snow this week. I know that Spanish class is difficult.


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