4 The SubjunctiveSpanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
5 The SubjunctiveWe use it to say what one person does or doesn’t want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.
6 The SubjunctiveA sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que.For example:
7 The Subjunctive Quiero que tú respires lentamente. I want you to breathe slowly.
8 The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. I suggest that you drink water before running.
9 The SubjunctiveEl entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos.The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.
10 The SubjunctiveYou can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.
11 The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. It’s necessary that you do exercise.Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien.It’s important that the young people eat well.
12 The SubjunctiveNote that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:
13 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > VerbSeparated by the word “que”Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.”Subjunctive VerbIndicative Verb
14 The SubjunctiveThe first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).
15 The Subjunctive Verbs that are often followed by que + subjunctive: DecirInsistir enNecesitarPermitirPreferir (e > ie)ProhibirQuerer (e > ie)Recomendar (e > ie)Sugerir (e > ie)
16 The SubjunctiveWe form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.
17 The SubjunctiveWe drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.
18 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en For -er/-ir verbs:a, as, a, amos, áis, an
19 SALTAR – to jumpsaltesaltessaltemossaltéissalten
20 CONOCER – to knowconozcaconozcasconozcamosconozcáisconozcan