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The Present Subjunctive Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3.

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2 The Present Subjunctive Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3

3 The Subjunctive l Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

4 The Subjunctive l Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

5 The Subjunctive l Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

6 The Subjunctive l We use it to say what one person does or doesnt want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.

7 The Subjunctive l A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. l For example:

8 The Subjunctive l Quiero que tú respires lentamente. l I want you to breathe slowly.

9 The Subjunctive l Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. l I suggest that you drink water before running.

10 The Subjunctive l El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos. l The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.

11 The Subjunctive l You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.

12 The Subjunctive l Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. l Its necessary that you do exercise. l Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. l Its important that the young people eat well.

13 The Subjunctive l Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:

14 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb

15 The Subjunctive l The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

16 The Subjunctive l Verbs that are often followed by que + subjunctive: l Decir l Insistir en l Necesitar l Permitir l Preferir (e > ie) l Prohibir l Querer (e > ie) l Recomendar (e > ie) l Sugerir (e > ie)

17 The Subjunctive l We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.

18 The Subjunctive l We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

19 The Subjunctive l For -ar verbs: l e, es, e, emos, éis, en l For -er/-ir verbs: l a, as, a, amos, áis, an

20 SALTAR – to jump salte saltes salte saltemos saltéis salten

21 CONOCER – to know conozca conozcas conozca conozcamos conozcáis conozcan

22 DECIR – to say/tell diga digas diga digamos digáis digan

23 The Subjunctive l The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

24 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add ag to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a g in the present subjunctive.

25 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l caerse l decir l hacer l poner l salir l tener l traer

26 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs hacer hag-ohaga tener teng-otenga

27 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l Also verbs ending in –car, -gar, and –zar have a spell change in order to maintain the original sound.

28 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs buscar buscobusque pagarpagopague cruzarcruzocruce

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