The Subjunctive l Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.
The Subjunctive l Aprendo francés para mi viaje.
The Subjunctive l Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
The Subjunctive l We use it to say what one person does or doesnt want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.
The Subjunctive l A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. l For example:
The Subjunctive l Quiero que tú respires lentamente. l I want you to breathe slowly.
The Subjunctive l Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. l I suggest that you drink water before running.
The Subjunctive l El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos. l The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.
The Subjunctive l You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.
The Subjunctive l Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. l Its necessary that you do exercise. l Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. l Its important that the young people eat well.
The Subjunctive l Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:
2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb
The Subjunctive l The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).
The Subjunctive l Verbs that are often followed by que + subjunctive: l Decir l Insistir en l Necesitar l Permitir l Preferir (e > ie) l Prohibir l Querer (e > ie) l Recomendar (e > ie) l Sugerir (e > ie)
The Subjunctive l We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.
The Subjunctive l We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.
The Subjunctive l For -ar verbs: l e, es, e, emos, éis, en l For -er/-ir verbs: l a, as, a, amos, áis, an