2The Indicative Mr. Indicative If the indicative were to be a person, it would be a business man. As a person, the Indicative looks a bit like this, Mr. Straightforward. He is just a regular guy or normal guy .
3What Is the Indicative?In general, the Indicative mood is used to refer to what is real and certain.It is used to talk about actions, events, or states that are believed to be facts or true.It is very typical in speech for making factual statements or describing obvious qualities of a person or situation.
4Expressions that Trigger the Indicative: Pensar que To think thatSaber que To know thatCreer que To believe thatNo dudar que To not doubt thatNo hay duda de que There is no doubt thatNo negar que To not deny thatEs verdad que It is true thatEs cierto que It is certain/true thatEs seguro que It is sure/certain thatEstar seguro de que To be sure thatEs obvio que It is obvious thatObservar que To observe that
5The Subjunctive Mr. Subjunctive The subjunctive is a spaced-out hippy, happilyperson in a world of unreality and uncertainty.He is always subjectively giving his hippyinterpretation of reality and emotions,philosophizing all day long abouthypothetical and interesting thingsthat probably haven’t happened yet!Indicative = Mr. NormalSubjunctive = Hippy Dude
6What Is the Subjunctive? In general, the subjunctive mood is subjective and possible (but not certain).It is used to talk about doubts, wishes, emotions, and other unknown and non-factual situations.It is commonly used in making recommendations, giving commands, and talking about how things make you feel.
7Expressions that Trigger the Subjunctive: Wish, want, want you toEmotionImpersonal expressionRecommendationDoubt, denial, disbelief, don’t knowOjalá
8How Do You Conjugate in the Present Subjunctive? Start with present tense yo (-o)Add OPPOSITE ENDING:-AR ER/-IR-e a-es as-emos amos-en anhablarhableocomercomao
9Present Subjunctive(Yo form in present tense + opposite ending) (WEIRDO in the present + verb in the present subjunctive) Ex: I doubt (that) they are coming. Dudo que ellos vengan.
10Subjunctive or Indicative ? 1. Espero quesubjunctive2. Dudo quesubjunctive3. Creen queindicative4. Es probable quesubjunctive5. Es seguro queindicative6. Niegas quesubjunctive
11The Imperfect / Past Subjunctive The same situations that trigger the subjunctive in the present tense will trigger the imperfect/past subjunctive. Everything on your WEIRDO handout will trigger the past subjunctive. The only difference is that the verb in the main clause will be conjugated in the past tense, imperfect or the conditional.
12Past / Imperfect Subjunctive (ELLOS form of preterit (drop -aron/ -ieron) + ara, aras, ara, aramos, aran)iera, ieras, iera, ieramos, ieranWEIRDO in the past tense + Verb in the past subjunctive )Ex: I doubted (that) they were coming.Dudaba que ellos vinieran.
13The Past / Imperfect Subjunctive Start with preterit tense ellos, and drop (-aron/-ieron)Add ENDING:-AR ER/IR-ara -iera-aras -ieras- aramos - ieramos-aran -ieranhablarhablaraaroncomercomieraieron
14Present Subjunctive or Past Subjunctive? 1.Quiero que2. Yo le recomendé que3. Dudo que4. Era importante que5. Quería que6. Es importante que7. Me alegro de que8. Me alegrabaPast subjunctivePresent subjunctivePast subjunctivePast subjunctivePresent subjunctivePresent subjunctivePast subjunctive