4 The SubjunctiveSpanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
5 The SubjunctiveWe use it to say what one person does or doesn’t want, tell, suggest, or recommend that someone else do.
6 The SubjunctiveA sentence that includes the subjunctive form must have two parts (or clauses) connected by the word que.
7 The SubjunctiveEach part of the sentence must also have a different subject.El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos.
8 The SubjunctiveThe first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on)+ quethe second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).
9 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > VerbSeparated by the word “que”Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.”Subjunctive VerbIndicative Verb
10 The Subjunctive Quiero que tú estudies mucho. I want you to study a lot.
11 The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. I suggest that you drink water before running.
12 The SubjunctiveEl entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos.The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.
13 The SubjunctiveCommon words found in the first part of the sentence that trigger the use of the subjunctive in the second part of the sentenceWantSuggestAdviseRecommendDemandTellInsist inNeedPermitpreferQuererSugerirAconsejarrecomendarExigirDecirInsistir enNecesitarPermitirPreferir
14 The SubjunctiveYou can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as:es necesario que…es bueno que…es importante que…,followed by a form of the present subjunctive.
15 The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. It’s necessary that you do exercise.Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien.It’s important that the young people eat well.
16 The SubjunctiveWe form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form Ud. commands.
17 The SubjunctiveGo to the yo form of the verb in the present indicativeDrop the –oAdd opposite endings
18 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en For -er/-ir verbs:a, as, a, amos, áis, an
19 SALTAR – to jumpsalte saltessaltemos saltéis salten
20 CONOCER – to knowconozca conozcasconozcamos conozcáis conozcan
21 DECIR – to say/telldiga digasdigamos digáis digan
22 The SubjunctiveThe present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.
23 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.