Presentation on theme: "Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3 Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events."— Presentation transcript:
Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3
Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.
Aprendo francés para mi viaje.
Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
We use it to say what one person does or doesnt want, tell, suggest, or recommend that someone else do.
A sentence that includes the subjunctive form must have two parts (or clauses) connected by the word que.
Each part of the sentence must also have a different subject. El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos.
The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).
Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb
Quiero que tú estudies mucho. I want you to study a lot.
Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. I suggest that you drink water before running.
El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos. The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.
Want Suggest Advise Recommend Demand Tell Insist in Need Permit prefer Querer Sugerir Aconsejar recomendar Exigir Decir Insistir en Necesitar Permitir Preferir Common words found in the first part of the sentence that trigger the use of the subjunctive in the second part of the sentence
You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as: es necesario que… es bueno que… es importante que…, followed by a form of the present subjunctive.
Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. Its necessary that you do exercise. Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. Its important that the young people eat well.
We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form Ud. commands.
1. Go to the yo form of the verb in the present indicative 2. Drop the –o 3. Add opposite endings
For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en For -er/-ir verbs: a, as, a, amos, áis, an