Presentation on theme: "Indicative vs. Subjunctive"— Presentation transcript:
1Indicative vs. Subjunctive Dependent ClauseIndicative (the regular present tense as we have used it so far)CertaintyBeliefwhether the information is factual is irrelevant, the perspective of the person speaking is the focusIndependent Clause}Subjunctive (new stuff)UncertaintyDoubtHypothetical situationsEs cierto …I’m certain…Espero…Dudo…I wish…I doubt…que
2Just like most of our commands! The SubjunctiveTo conjugate verbs in the subjunctive:Start with the yo formDrop the –oAdd the opposite ending:Just like most of our commands!-ar verbs-e-emos-esX-en-er/-ir verbs-a-amos-asX-anNo –o ending at all!
3Irregular Subjunctive Verbs that are completely irregular in the subjunctive are the same ones that are completely irregular in negative tú, usted, and ustedes commands.SIDEseaseamosseasXseanervayavayamosvayasXvayanrdédemosdesXdenarestéestemosestésXesténstarsepasepamossepasXsepanaber
4The Subjunctive & Car/Gar/Zar verbs: Verbs that end in –car: c->qu in all formsEj: sacar = saque, saques, saque, saquemos, saquenVerbs that end in –gar: g->gu in all formsEj: pagar = pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, paguenVerbs that end in –zar: z->c in all formsEj: cazar (to hunt) = cace, caces, cace, cacemos, cacen
5Subjunctive & Stem-changing verbs: AR & ER stem-change verbs change inside the boot, just like they do in the indicative present.IR stem-change verbs change the normal way inside the boot, but also change in a DIFFERENT way outside the boot:e->i or o->uPREFERIR: to preferprefiera prefiramosprefieras prefiráisprefiera prefieranDORMIR: to sleepduerma durmamosduermas durmáisduerma duerman
6Uses of the subjunctive To need the subjunctive, your sentence must have 2 clauses (the two clauses must have different subjects):MAIN DEPENDENTCLAUSE que CLAUSEEx: I hope that he does his homework.Yo espero que él haga su tarea.
7If there is not a change in subject, use the infinitive If there is not a change in subject, use the infinitive!!! I hope that you get a good grade. Yo espero que tú SAQUES una buena nota. I hope to get a good grade (I hope I get a good grade). Yo espero SACAR una buena nota.
8Indicative vs. Subjunctive Choosing between the Indicative and the Subjunctive can be tricky.To remember when to use the subjunctive, just remember:1:20
9Wishes and hopes Opinion Request Doubt Uncertainty Persuasion WORD UP If the verb in the main clause fits into one of these categories, the verb in the dependent clause must be in the subjunctive.Wishes and hopesI hope she can go.OpinionI hate that you won’t talk to me.RequestMom asked you to take out the trash.DoubtI don’t think Best Buy is open this late.UncertaintyIt’s possible that I can help you.PersuasionI recommend that you study.
10SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE? Wishes and hopesOpinionRequestDoubtUncertaintyPersuasionSUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE?I want you to eat lunch.It is better that they go home early.I know that she is smart.The doctor recommends that he eat a healthy diet.I hope (that) the competition goes well.subjunctivesubjunctiveindicativesubjunctivesubjunctive
11wishes, wants Esperar que-To wish, hope that Querer que- to want that Ojalá que- Hopefully
12opinion Es importante que-It is important that Es mejor que- It is better thatEs preferible que- It is preferable that
13request Pedir que…-to ask that (someone do something) Querer que…-to want that (someone do something)
14doubt Dudar que- to doubt that No creer que- to not believe that No pensar que- to not think that
15uncertainty No es posible que-it is not possible that Es posible que- it is possible thatEs probable que- it is probable thatNo es verdad que- it is not true that
16persuasion Preferir que- to prefer that Recomendar(ie) que- to recommend thatSugerir(ie) que- to suggest thatRogar(ue) que- to beg that
17Esperar que-To wish, hope that Querer que- to want that Ojalá que- HopefullyEs importante que-It is important thatEs mejor que- It is better thatEs preferible que- It is preferable thatPedir que…-to ask that (someone do something)Querer que…-to want that (someone do something)Dudar que- to doubt thatNo creer que- to not believe thatNo pensar que- to not think thatNo es posible que-it is not possible thatEs posible que- it is possible thatEs probable que- it is probable thatNo es verdad que- it is not true thatPreferir que- to prefer thatRecomendar(ie) que- to recommend thatSugerir(ie) que- to suggest thatRogar(ue) que- to beg that
18SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE? Decide if each sentence below would need subjunctive or indicative, then translate the sentence to Spanish.I believe that you will win.He does not doubt that she likes him.It is important that you arrive on time.I doubt he knows the answer.She tells him to wash the dishes.