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Im certain… I wish… I doubt… Indicative vs. Subjunctive Independent Clause Dependent Clause que Es cierto … Indicative (the regular present tense as we.

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Presentation on theme: "Im certain… I wish… I doubt… Indicative vs. Subjunctive Independent Clause Dependent Clause que Es cierto … Indicative (the regular present tense as we."— Presentation transcript:

1 Im certain… I wish… I doubt… Indicative vs. Subjunctive Independent Clause Dependent Clause que Es cierto … Indicative (the regular present tense as we have used it so far) Espero… Dudo… Subjunctive (new stuff) Certainty Belief } whether the information is factual is irrelevant, the perspective of the person speaking is the focus Uncertainty Doubt Hypothetical situations

2 The Subjunctive To conjugate verbs in the subjunctive: – Start with the yo form – Drop the –o – Add the opposite ending: Just like most of our commands! -ar verbs -e-emos -esX -e-en -er/-ir verbs -a-amos -asX -a-an No –o ending at all!

3 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs that are completely irregular in the subjunctive are the same ones that are completely irregular in negative tú, usted, and ustedes commands. seaseamos seasX seasean dédemos desX déden estéestemos estésX estéestén vayavayamos vayasX vayavayan sepasepamos sepasX sepasepan er r ar star aber

4 Verbs that end in –car: c->qu in all forms – Ej: sacar = saque, saques, saque, saquemos, saquen Verbs that end in –gar: g->gu in all forms – Ej: pagar = pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, paguen Verbs that end in –zar: z->c in all forms – Ej: cazar (to hunt) = cace, caces, cace, cacemos, cacen The Subjunctive & Car/Gar/Zar verbs:

5 IR stem-change verbs change the normal way inside the boot, but also change in a DIFFERENT way outside the boot: e->i or o->u PREFERIR: to prefer prefiera prefiramos prefieras prefiráis prefiera prefieran Subjunctive & Stem-changing verbs: AR & ER stem-change verbs change inside the boot, just like they do in the indicative present. DORMIR: to sleep duerma durmamos duermas durmáis duerma duerman

6 To need the subjunctive, your sentence must have 2 clauses (the two clauses must have different subjects): MAIN DEPENDENT CLAUSE que CLAUSE Ex: I hope that he does his homework. Yo espero que él haga su tarea. Uses of the subjunctive

7 If there is not a change in subject, use the infinitive!!! I hope that you get a good grade. Yo espero que tú SAQUES una buena nota. I hope to get a good grade (I hope I get a good grade). Yo espero SACAR una buena nota.

8 Indicative vs. Subjunctive Choosing between the Indicative and the Subjunctive can be tricky. To remember when to use the subjunctive, just remember:remember

9 W ishes and hopes I hope she can go. O pinion I hate that you wont talk to me. R equest Mom asked you to take out the trash. D oubt I dont think Best Buy is open this late. U ncertainty Its possible that I can help you. P ersuasion I recommend that you study. WORD UP If the verb in the main clause fits into one of these categories, the verb in the dependent clause must be in the subjunctive.

10 I want you to eat lunch. It is better that they go home early. I know that she is smart. The doctor recommends that he eat a healthy diet. I hope (that) the competition goes well. SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE? subjunctive indicative W ishes and hopes O pinion R equest D oubt U ncertainty P ersuasion

11 Esperar que-To wish, hope that Querer que- to want that Ojalá que- Hopefully WISHES, WANTS

12 Es importante que-It is important that Es mejor que- It is better that Es preferible que- It is preferable that OPINION

13 Pedir que…-to ask that (someone do something) Querer que…-to want that (someone do something) REQUEST

14 Dudar que- to doubt that No creer que- to not believe that No pensar que- to not think that DOUBT

15 No es posible que-it is not possible that Es posible que- it is possible that Es probable que- it is probable that No es verdad que- it is not true that UNCERTAINTY

16 Preferir que- to prefer that Recomendar(ie) que- to recommend that Sugerir(ie) que- to suggest that Rogar(ue) que- to beg that PERSUASION

17 Esperar que-To wish, hope that Querer que- to want that Ojalá que- Hopefully Es importante que-It is important that Es mejor que- It is better that Es preferible que- It is preferable that Pedir que…-to ask that (someone do something) Querer que…-to want that (someone do something) Dudar que- to doubt that No creer que- to not believe that No pensar que- to not think that No es posible que-it is not possible that Es posible que- it is possible that Es probable que- it is probable that No es verdad que- it is not true that Preferir que- to prefer that Recomendar(ie) que- to recommend that Sugerir(ie) que- to suggest that Rogar(ue) que- to beg that

18 I believe that you will win. He does not doubt that she likes him. It is important that you arrive on time. I doubt he knows the answer. She tells him to wash the dishes. SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE? Decide if each sentence below would need subjunctive or indicative, then translate the sentence to Spanish.


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