Presentation on theme: "Actividad Inicial Turn in your mini poster to the tray."— Presentation transcript:
1 Actividad InicialTurn in your mini poster to the tray.Answer the following on p.172 (start a new subjunctive notes page):List as many verb (infinitives) that have irregular yo forms when conjugated in the indicative (regular present tense).Include each verb’s meaning and the conjugated yo form.
2 Announcements“Ojalá que…” mini-poster about what you hope will happen this summer due today.If you have not turned in your notebook for the notebook check, Friday is the last day to turn it in late.
3 conducir(to ) conduzco Remember that some verbs have an irregular “yo” form. Here are some examples of these verbs with their indicative yo forms:caer (to ) caigotraer(to ) traigoconducir(to ) conduzcoconocer(to ) conozcohacer(to ) hagoponer(to ) pongotener(to ) tengosalir(to ) salgodecir(to ) digover (to ) veovenir (to ) vengofallbringdriveknow [a person]do/makeputvenirhavego outsay/tellwatch/seecome
4 Indicative vs. Subjunctive (p.164) Dependent ClauseIndicative (the present tense as we have used it so far)CertaintyBeliefwhether the information is factual is irrelevant, the perspective of the person speaking is the focusIndependent Clause}Subjunctive (new stuff)UncertaintyDoubtHypothetical situationsEs cierto …I’m certain…Espero…Dudo…I wish…I doubt…que
5 Just like most of our commands! The Subjunctive (p.170)To conjugate verbs in the subjunctive:Start with the yo formDrop the –oAdd the opposite ending:Just like most of our commands!-ar verbs-e-emos-esX-en-er/-ir verbs-a-amos-asX-anNo –o ending at all!
6 Irregular Subjunctive (p.170) Verbs that are completely irregular in the subjunctive are the same ones that are completely irregular in negative tú, usted, and ustedes commands.SIDEseaseamosseasXseanervayavayamosvayasXvayanrdédemosdesXdenarestéestemosestésXesténstarsepasepamossepasXsepanaber
7 The Subjunctive & Car/Gar/Zar verbs: (p.172) Verbs that end in –car: c->qu in all formsEj: sacar = saque, saques, saque, saquemos, saquenVerbs that end in –gar: g->gu in all formsEj: pagar = pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, paguenVerbs that end in –zar: z->c in all formsEj: cazar (to hunt) = cace, caces, cace, cacemos, cacen
8 Subjunctive & Stem-changing verbs: (p.172) AR & ER stem-change verbs change inside the boot, just like they do in the indicative present.IR stem-change verbs change the normal way inside the boot, but also change in a DIFFERENT way outside the boot:e->i or o->uPREFERIR: to preferprefiera prefiramosprefieras prefiráisprefiera prefieranDORMIR: to sleepduerma durmamosduermas durmáisduerma duerman
11 Uses of the subjunctive To need the subjunctive, your sentence must have 2 clauses (the two clauses must have different subjects):MAIN DEPENDENTCLAUSE que CLAUSEEx: I hope that he does his homework.
12 Indicative vs. Subjunctive Choosing between the Indicative and the Subjunctive can be tricky.To remember when to use the subjunctive, just remember:1:20
13 Wishes and hopes Opinion Request Doubt Uncertainty Persuasion WORD UP If the verb in the main clause fits into one of these categories, the verb in the dependent clause must be in the subjunctive.Wishes and hopesI hope she can go.OpinionI hate that you won’t talk to me.RequestMom asked you to take out the trash.DoubtI don’t think Best Buy is open this late.UncertaintyIt’s possible that I can help you.PersuasionI recommend that you study.
14 SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE? Wishes and hopesOpinionRequestDoubtUncertaintyPersuasionSUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE?I want you to eat lunch.It is better that they go home early.I know that she is smart.The doctor recommends that he eat a healthy diet.I hope (that) the competition goes well.subjunctivesubjunctiveindicativesubjunctivesubjunctive
15 wishes, wants Esperar que-To wish, hope that Querer que- to want that Ojalá que- Hopefully
16 opinion Es importante que-It is important that Es mejor que- It is better thatEs preferible que- It is preferable that
17 request Pedir que…-to ask that (someone do something) Querer que…-to want that (someone do something)
18 doubt Dudar que- to doubt that No creer que- to not believe that No pensar que- to not think that
19 uncertainty No es posible que-it is not possible that Es posible que- it is possible thatEs probable que- it is probable thatNo es verdad que- it is not true that
20 persuasion Preferir que- to prefer that Recomendar(ie) que- to recommend thatSugerir(ie) que- to suggest thatRogar(ue) que- to beg that
21 Mini-CrosswordFill in the crossword with the phrases used with the subjunctive.