Presentation on theme: "Actividad Inicial Answer the following on p.172 (start a new subjunctive notes page): 1.List as many verb (infinitives) that have irregular yo forms when."— Presentation transcript:
Actividad Inicial Answer the following on p.172 (start a new subjunctive notes page): 1.List as many verb (infinitives) that have irregular yo forms when conjugated in the indicative (regular present tense). 2.Include each verbs meaning and the conjugated yo form. Turn in your mini poster to the tray.
Announcements Ojalá que… mini-poster about what you hope will happen this summer due today. If you have not turned in your notebook for the notebook check, Friday is the last day to turn it in late.
caer (to ) caigo traer(to ) traigo conducir(to ) conduzco conocer(to ) conozco hacer(to ) hago poner(to ) pongo tener(to ) tengo salir(to ) salgo decir(to ) digo ver (to ) veo venir (to ) vengo Remember that some verbs have an irregular yo form. Here are some examples of these verbs with their indicative yo forms: fall bring drive know [a person] do/make put have go out say/tell watch/see come
Im certain… I wish… I doubt… Indicative vs. Subjunctive (p.164) Independent Clause Dependent Clause que Es cierto … Indicative (the present tense as we have used it so far) Espero… Dudo… Subjunctive (new stuff) Certainty Belief } whether the information is factual is irrelevant, the perspective of the person speaking is the focus Uncertainty Doubt Hypothetical situations
The Subjunctive (p.170) To conjugate verbs in the subjunctive: – Start with the yo form – Drop the –o – Add the opposite ending: Just like most of our commands! -ar verbs -e-emos -esX -e-en -er/-ir verbs -a-amos -asX -a-an No –o ending at all!
Irregular Subjunctive (p.170) Verbs that are completely irregular in the subjunctive are the same ones that are completely irregular in negative tú, usted, and ustedes commands. seaseamos seasX seasean dédemos desX déden estéestemos estésX estéestén vayavayamos vayasX vayavayan sepasepamos sepasX sepasepan er r ar star aber
Verbs that end in –car: c->qu in all forms – Ej: sacar = saque, saques, saque, saquemos, saquen Verbs that end in –gar: g->gu in all forms – Ej: pagar = pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, paguen Verbs that end in –zar: z->c in all forms – Ej: cazar (to hunt) = cace, caces, cace, cacemos, cacen The Subjunctive & Car/Gar/Zar verbs: (p.172)
IR stem-change verbs change the normal way inside the boot, but also change in a DIFFERENT way outside the boot: e->i or o->u PREFERIR: to prefer prefiera prefiramos prefieras prefiráis prefiera prefieran Subjunctive & Stem-changing verbs: (p.172) AR & ER stem-change verbs change inside the boot, just like they do in the indicative present. DORMIR: to sleep duerma durmamos duermas durmáis duerma duerman
New Notes page: 174
To need the subjunctive, your sentence must have 2 clauses (the two clauses must have different subjects): MAIN DEPENDENT CLAUSE que CLAUSE Ex: I hope that he does his homework. Uses of the subjunctive
Indicative vs. Subjunctive Choosing between the Indicative and the Subjunctive can be tricky. To remember when to use the subjunctive, just remember:remember
W ishes and hopes I hope she can go. O pinion I hate that you wont talk to me. R equest Mom asked you to take out the trash. D oubt I dont think Best Buy is open this late. U ncertainty Its possible that I can help you. P ersuasion I recommend that you study. WORD UP If the verb in the main clause fits into one of these categories, the verb in the dependent clause must be in the subjunctive.
I want you to eat lunch. It is better that they go home early. I know that she is smart. The doctor recommends that he eat a healthy diet. I hope (that) the competition goes well. SUBJUNCTIVE OR INDICATIVE? subjunctive indicative W ishes and hopes O pinion R equest D oubt U ncertainty P ersuasion
Esperar que-To wish, hope that Querer que- to want that Ojalá que- Hopefully WISHES, WANTS
Es importante que-It is important that Es mejor que- It is better that Es preferible que- It is preferable that OPINION
Pedir que…-to ask that (someone do something) Querer que…-to want that (someone do something) REQUEST
Dudar que- to doubt that No creer que- to not believe that No pensar que- to not think that DOUBT
No es posible que-it is not possible that Es posible que- it is possible that Es probable que- it is probable that No es verdad que- it is not true that UNCERTAINTY
Preferir que- to prefer that Recomendar(ie) que- to recommend that Sugerir(ie) que- to suggest that Rogar(ue) que- to beg that PERSUASION
Mini-Crossword Fill in the crossword with the phrases used with the subjunctive.
Tarea – Crossword – Subjunctive Practice Half-sheet