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Struggle for Independence in NIGERIA KENYA SOUTH AFRICA
Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa were colonized by Britain (United Kingdom).
After being colonies for decades, many people in Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa became influenced by the pan-Africanist movement.
Pan-Africanism movement is the idea that people of African descent should unite and work together for their freedoms.
As a result, many Africans became Nationalists, and began struggling with Europeans for their independence.
Nationalism is the strong pride in one’s nation (country) or ethnic group.
Nigeria became a British colony in 1901.
Nigeria gained independence peacefully from Britain in 1960.
Nnamdi Azikiwe became Nigeria’s first president.
Kenya became a British colony in the 1880s.
From 1952 to 1960, many Kenyan nationalists fought the British for independence, in what is known as the Mau Mau Rebellion.
British capture Mau Mau fighters
Mau Maus surrender
“General China,” leader of the Mau Mau
Although the British defeated the natioalists and the Mau Maus, Britain gave Kenya its independence in 1963.
Jomo Kenyatta became Kenya’s first president.
A young Jomo Kenyatta “kenyatta” means “tip of the spear”
APARTHEID in South Africa (Old South African flag)
Current South African flag
Europeans arrive to colonize South Africa in 1652.
Two Groups of White South Africans English These are Whites who Came mostly from Britain (United Kingdom) Afrikaners These are Whites who are mostly Dutch, or came mostly from Holland.
Charlize Theron from “Hancock” is an Afrikaner.
Mark Shuttleworth, known as the first African in space, is an English South African.
F.W. de Klerk, South African president who ended Apartheid.
Nelson Mandela, first Black president of South Africa.
Wrapping It All Up. Although Kenya is a republic, individual states are more tightly controlled by the central government than states in the United.
South Africa, Kenya, & Nigeria. By the 20 th century, European powers had colonized the majority of Africa. The only independent countries were Liberia.
African Nationalist Movements
African Nationalist Movement
Unit 2— Africa’s Nationalist & Independence Movements!
The History of Africa Under Colonialism “Around the World” Review Game.
Nationalism in Africa.
Decolonization in Africa
African Nations Gain Independence After WWII almost all African nations gained independence from European powers.
Review!!! Good Luck!!. The Berlin Conference in 1884…(hint…what did “they” do?) Gave African nations their independence. Divided African nations among.
20 th Century Independence Movements in Africa and Asia.
The Road to Independence
1. the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
CONNECTING AFRICA’S PAST WITH ITS PRESENT VOCABULARY: RACISM, NATIONALISM, AND APARTHEID STANDARD: THE STUDENT WILL ANALYZE CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN AFRICA.
Essential Question: How successful were African nations in becoming politically and economically independent?
African Nationalist Movements SS7H1b Explain how nationalism led to independence in South Africa, Kenya, and Nigeria.
UNIT 2 Africa History Study Game Europe’s need for Raw Materials led to what? “Colonization”?
A. Colonialism A. Imperialism A. Belgium and The Congo
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