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Published byAmie Ellis Modified over 7 years ago
The Informative Speech
There are two types of speeches: 1. Informative (demonstrative) 2. Persuasive
How to Begin Creating a Speech
Consider the following when selecting a topic for your speech: 1.Yourself 2.Your audience (the characteristics of people: their age, education, interests, etc.) 3.The occasion 4.The Purpose 5.The time—the time you have available for the speech as well as the time of day, week, month, and year.
Once you have your speech topic selected, begin researching your topic! Consider using the following resources: 1.Yourself 2. Other People 3. Media
Consider using printed Materials for your research that are: current and filled with plenty of credible, relevant, and unbiased information.
Examples of Printed Materials include: 1.BOOKS 2.MAGAZINES 3.NEWSPAPERS 4.Professional pamphlets and bulletins.
Your research may also include using reputable On-Line Sources
How to Organize a Speech
Good speeches have three components: 1. An Introduction 2. A Body 3. A Conclusion
The Introduction: Start with an “Attention Getter”
“Attention Getter” EXAMPLES: 1. A Quotation
2. A Famous Saying/ Maxim “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
3. A Story (a very SHORT story) “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES : Once upon a time…
4. A Startling Statement “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
5. A Rhetorical Statement— a series of questions “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
6. A Poem (very short) “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
7. An amazing fact “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
8. A short history of the topic “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
9. Refer to another Speaker “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
10. Refer to the Occasion “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
11. Refer to the Surroundings “Attention Getter” EXAMPLES :
After you deliver your “Attention Getter” Then… State Your Topic— Your central idea or purpose
Next, Make a Statement of Relevance— Make your audience interested in what you have to say. Address how your topic is related to important political, social, or scientific issues.
Then….PREVIEW Your Main Points—Briefly identify three main points of your speech 1. Point 1 2. Point 2 3. Point 3
The Introduction 1. “Attention Getter” 2. State Your Topic 3. Make a Statement of Relevance 4. Preview Your 3 Main Points
The Body of the Speech… The Body of a speech contains the main message, including the primary arguments and supporting evidence.
Let’s get organized…. Speech Body Organizational Strategies:
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 1. ORDER OF IMPORTANCE— least to greatest or greatest to least
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 2. CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER— time order
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 3. COMPARISON/CONTRAST
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 4. CAUSE AND EFFECT— Show a situation’s causes and effects
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 5. SPATIAL—space order, arranging information about subjects according to where things are in relation to each other.
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 6. TOPICAL—arrange ideas in related groups according to themes or topics in your speech
Speech Body Organizational Strategies: 7. PROBLEM/SOLUTION— describe a problem and then present a solution
Try some organizational strategies using these topics: 1)Transportation 2)Communications 3)Plants 4)Weapons 5)People 6)books
After the Speech Body comes……….. The Conclusion
The Conclusion (Reverse the Introduction!) First, review your three main points: 1. Point 1 2. Point 2 3. Point 3
Than, make a Statement of Relevance or Call to Action
Last, wrap-up your speech by linking your final thought to your first “Attention Getter!”
You have written your speech, and now you need to…. Effectively Deliver the Speech and ENGAGE the Audience
How to effectively deliver a Speech Vocal Qualities: 1.Volume 2. “Vocal Notes” 3. Rate 4. Emphasis: “Why did you blame him?”
Vocal Qualities are important, and so is….. your PHYSICAL delivery!
The Physical Delivery includes…. 1.Eye Contact 2.Gestures Emphasis 3.Posture 4.Movement
Vocal Qualities and Physical Qualities are important, and so are….. Psychological Qualities!
The Psychological Qualities of a good speaker include being: 1.Sincere 2.Poised 3.Positive and confident
REMEMBER…. Good speeches have three components: 1. An Introduction 2. A Body 3. A Conclusion
The Informative Speech
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