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What makes a GOOD PUBLIC SPEAKER & Speech?

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Presentation on theme: "What makes a GOOD PUBLIC SPEAKER & Speech?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What makes a GOOD PUBLIC SPEAKER & Speech?


3 Dealing with Nervousness
Acknowledge Your Fear Focus on Message, not Fear Act Confident Give Yourself a Mental Pep Talk Visualize Your Success Channel Nervous Energy BREATHE Practice, Practice, Practice

4 Understand Your Audience
CHALLENGES People Think Faster Than They Hear Short Attention Span Easily Distracted How to Deal with… Keep Speech Focused Analyze Audience Carefully Adapt to Situation

5 What Audience most often remembers:
#1—Last thing heard #2—Introduction #3—Topic

6 The Audience Size Demographics Beliefs and Values

7 Understand the Speech Making Process
Choosing Topic Focus Purpose Researching Topic Organizing Content Developing an Outline Delivering Speech Rehearsing

8 Choosing a Topic Consider Assignment… Is It Important to You?
Is It Important to Your Audience? Will It Hold Audience’s Attention? Is It Manageable in the Time Available? Is It Clear? Can You Support It?

9 Focus Purpose Specific Purpose: What you hope to accomplish
General Purpose: TO Inform, Persuade, Entertain, Inspire, Pay Tribute, etc. Specific Purpose: What you hope to accomplish EXAMPLE: To inform the audience about the importance of having a college education. Central Idea: 1 sentence summary of speech content EXAMPLE: A college education opens the door to: greater earning potential, more employment opportunities and allows for personal growth.

10 Researching Topic Current Situation/Info Background Info
Supporting Materials

11 Types of Supporting Material
Common Knowledge Live/Direct Observation Examples & Illustrations Explanations & Descriptions Data & Statisitics

12 Tests of Supporting Material
Is Information… Specific? Timely? Relevant & support point made? Is Source… An expert/reputable? Unbiased?

13 Sources for Material Online Libraries Search Engines Online Libraries
Books & Reference materials Periodicals & Newspapers Data Bases Government Documents

14 Organizing Content Chronological Topical Spatial Cause-Effect
Problem-Solution Comparison- Contrast

15 Types of Outlines Preparation Outline Title & Topic Specific Purpose
Speaker’s Outline Introduction Main Point Support with Evidence TRANSITION --REPEAT AS NECESSARY-- Conclusion Preparation Outline Title & Topic Specific Purpose Central Idea Introduction Main & Sub-Points Support/Evidence Conclusion

16 PURPOSE of Introductions
Introduce topic & preview what is to come State purpose Establish importance of topic Grab Attention Build Credibility for speaker & topic

17 Types of Introductions
Story Rhetorical Question Quotation Humor Allude to conclusion

18 PURPOSE of Conclusions
Summarize Speech Re-emphasize Main Idea Motivate Response Provide Closure

19 Types of Conclusions Summary Quotation, Story or Rhetorical Question
Refer to Introduction Challenge to Audience Offer Vision of the Future

20 Methods of Delivery Manuscript Reading (hard to connect with audience)
Memorized (pressure to remember) Impromptu (off the cuff) Extemporaneous (best choice)

21 Delivering Speech - Beginning
Approach Calmly with conficence Establish Eye Contact Smile Naturally Deliver Introduction

22 Delivering Speech - During
Use Effective… Eye Contact Gestures & Expressions Volume & Pace Use Clear… Language Coversational style Be Enthusiastic

23 Elements of Vocal Delivery
Speech Rate and Pauses Volume Inflection and Pitch Pronunciation and Articulation

24 Delivering Speech - Ending
Summarize Main Message Be Concise & Memorable Pause before Returning to Seat Accept Applause Graciously

25 Elements of Body Language
Appearance Posture Facial Expression Eye Contact Movement Gestures

26 Rehearsing Speech Practice Out Loud
Practice Actual Delivery (eye contact , volume, stance) Watch Yourself Keep Track of Time

27 Plan, Prepare, Polish, Practice, Present
The better you know your material, the less anxious you will be. Smile and act natural. Don’t apologize for ANYTHING! No one will know you’re nervous unless you call attention to it.


29 Sources Adapted from 4-H Speaking PowerPoint A Concise Public Speaking Handbook by Steven & Susan Beebe Lecture Notes from SPC 2608 by Heather Elmatti

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