3 Dealing with Nervousness Acknowledge Your FearFocus on Message, not FearAct ConfidentGive Yourself a Mental Pep TalkVisualize Your SuccessChannel Nervous EnergyBREATHEPractice, Practice, Practice
4 Understand Your Audience CHALLENGESPeople Think Faster Than They HearShort Attention SpanEasily DistractedHow to Deal with…Keep Speech FocusedAnalyze Audience CarefullyAdapt to Situation
5 What Audience most often remembers: #1—Last thingheard#2—Introduction#3—Topic
6 The Audience Size Demographics Beliefs and Values Receptive/Antagonistic
7 Understand the Speech Making Process Choosing TopicFocus PurposeResearching TopicOrganizing ContentDeveloping an OutlineDelivering SpeechRehearsing
8 Choosing a Topic Consider Assignment… Is It Important to You? Is It Important to Your Audience?Will It Hold Audience’s Attention?Is It Manageable in the Time Available?Is It Clear?Can You Support It?
9 Focus Purpose Specific Purpose: What you hope to accomplish General Purpose:TO Inform, Persuade, Entertain, Inspire, Pay Tribute, etc.Specific Purpose: What you hope to accomplishEXAMPLE: To inform the audience about the importance of having a college education.Central Idea: 1 sentence summary of speech contentEXAMPLE: A college education opens the door to: greater earning potential, more employment opportunities and allows for personal growth.
10 Researching Topic Current Situation/Info Background Info Supporting Materials
11 Types of Supporting Material Common KnowledgeLive/Direct ObservationExamples & IllustrationsExplanations & DescriptionsData & Statisitics
12 Tests of Supporting Material Is Information…Specific?Timely?Relevant & support point made?Is Source…An expert/reputable?Unbiased?
13 Sources for Material Online Libraries Search Engines Online Libraries Books & Reference materialsPeriodicals & NewspapersData BasesGovernment Documents
15 Types of Outlines Preparation Outline Title & Topic Specific Purpose Speaker’s OutlineIntroductionMain PointSupport with EvidenceTRANSITION--REPEAT AS NECESSARY--ConclusionPreparation OutlineTitle & TopicSpecific PurposeCentral IdeaIntroductionMain & Sub-PointsSupport/EvidenceConclusion
16 PURPOSE of Introductions Introduce topic & preview what is to comeState purposeEstablish importance of topicGrab AttentionBuild Credibility for speaker & topic
17 Types of Introductions StoryRhetorical QuestionQuotationHumorAllude to conclusion
18 PURPOSE of Conclusions Summarize SpeechRe-emphasize Main IdeaMotivate ResponseProvide Closure
19 Types of Conclusions Summary Quotation, Story or Rhetorical Question Refer to IntroductionChallenge to AudienceOffer Vision of the Future
20 Methods of Delivery Manuscript Reading (hard to connect with audience) Memorized (pressure to remember)Impromptu (off the cuff)Extemporaneous (best choice)
22 Delivering Speech - During Use Effective…Eye ContactGestures & ExpressionsVolume & PaceUse Clear…LanguageCoversational styleBe Enthusiastic
23 Elements of Vocal Delivery Speech Rate and PausesVolumeInflection and PitchPronunciation and Articulation
24 Delivering Speech - Ending Summarize Main MessageBe Concise & MemorablePause before Returning to SeatAccept Applause Graciously
25 Elements of Body Language AppearancePostureFacial ExpressionEye ContactMovementGestures
26 Rehearsing Speech Practice Out Loud Practice Actual Delivery (eye contact , volume, stance)Watch YourselfKeep Track of Time
27 Plan, Prepare, Polish, Practice, Present The better you know your material, the less anxious you will be.Smile and act natural.Don’t apologize for ANYTHING!No one will know you’re nervous unless you call attention to it.