4 Public Speaking Topics Types of speechesParts of a SpeechPreparing and writing a speech
5 Types of SpeechesInformative- gives knowledge or information to audiences.Persuasive- convinces people to believe or do something.Integrative- pep talks, welcome speeches, or an introduction of a speaker.Prepared- speech is written and learned.Extemporaneous- speech with little or no preparation.Stopped here on 8/27
6 Parts of a speech Introduction- grabs the attention of your audience. Body- begins with the main points and arranges them in logical order.Conclusion- summarizes the main points of your speech.
7 Variables to Consider: Purpose- Why are you giving the speech?Audience- What group is hearing the speech?Occasion- What is the event?Content- What is in the speech?Composition- How is the speech written and organized?
8 Topic SelectionOnce the speech writer knows the purpose, audience and/or occasion for the speech they can then select an appropriate topic.Choose a topic that interests you.Choose a topic you are knowledgeable about.Choose a topic of interest to your audience.Brainstorm with a list of topics and write down key words.
9 Speech PreparationGather information from a variety of materials, books, internet, personal interviews, etc.Write down your ideas including, name of source, web address, page number and author.Create an outline to help you organize your ideas.
10 Speech PreparationWrite the speech the way you talk, but do not use slang terms.Be enthusiastic, smile, use gestures, have good eye contact, and be sincere when presenting your speech.
11 Oral delivery variables: Voice- pitch, quality, articulation, pronunciation, force.Stage Presence- appearance, poise, attitude, confidence, ease before audience, personality, posture.Power of Expression- fluency, sincerity, emphasis, directness, communicative ability, conveyance of thought and meaning.Response to Questions- accurate, ability to think quickly.General Effect- interesting, understandable, convincing, pleasing, holds attention.
12 You will be giving a prepared informative speech on Friday 8/29/14 First and last nameWhere are you from?What activities are you involved in outside of school (sports, church, community, clubs, hobbies, etc.)?Do you currently have a job?What do you want to do after high school?What is your favorite animal (or plant for horticulture) and why?What are you most interested in learning about this semester?No time requirement, but you do haveto answer all the questions above
13 Some pointers for Friday… Have notes prepared, but don’t read them the whole timeMake eye contact with the class. If you are uncomfortable with that, look at posters in the back of the room right over someone’s headDon’t sway, slouch, or fidgetSpeak clearly and slowlyTry to avoid filler words: um, like, well, let’s see, etc.PRACTICE! Practice at home in front of a mirror, with your parents, record yourself, etc.This is great preparation for your graduation project
14 Other information that you have to find: Symbol and duties of these officers (some officers’ symbols are part of the emblem:President-Vice President-Secretary-Treasurer-Reporter-Sentinel-What are:Career Development Events – Give some examples (Speaking and Skill)Proficiency Awards