Connections Occurred Through Major Trade Patterns, Major Routes 1000 – 1500 AD During the 1000s-1500s, major trade routes expanded greatly… People from Europe to the South East Asian trade islands and the southern most tip of Africa were regularly exchanging goods The plague in Europe and Asia created labor scarcity, thus allowing common folk to ask more money for their labor and products Increased trading exchanges inevitably began secularizing life and caused the cultural diffusion of ideas
The Routes Silk Routes across Asia to the Mediterranean basin Maritime routes across the Indian Ocean Trans-Saharan routes across North Africa Northern European links with the Black Sea Western European sea and river trade South China Sea and lands of Southeast Asia
The Goods Gold from West Africa Spices from lands around the Indian Ocean Textiles from India, China, the Middle East, and later Europe Porcelain from China and Persia Amber from the Baltic region
Technology Spread Around the World Paper from China went through the Muslim world to Byzantium and Western Europe Printing and paper money from China Sugar cane from India Waterwheels and windmills from the Middle East Navigation: Compass from China, lateen sail from Indian Ocean region
Ideas Were Spreading Spread of religions across the hemisphere Buddhism from China to Korea and Japan Hinduism and Buddhism from India to Southeast Asia Islam into West Africa, Central and Southeast Asia
What happened Elsewhere …. While Europe, Southwest, and Central Asia changed as a result of trade? Wed. We Study Japan Thurs. We Prepare to become a Museum Tour Guide for Central and South American Civilizations Friday We Locate the African Kingdoms
Elsewhere: Japan Mountainous archipelago of four main islands Situated East of Sea of Japan or East Sea across from Asian mainland Close to both China and Korea (proximity) – China influenced its cultural development – Buddhism spread from the Chinese mainland – China influenced writing – China influenced architecture
Shintoism Is Unique to Japan Importance of natural features, forces of nature, and ancestors State religion; worship of the emperor Coexistence with Buddhism and Daoism
Elsewhere in Africa African civilizations developed in sub-Saharan west and east Africa. Trade brought important economic, cultural, and religious influences to African civilizations from other parts of the Eastern Hemisphere. States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including: – Ghana, – Mali, – Songhai in west Africa, – Axum in east Africa, and – Zimbabwe in southeastern Africa.
Elsewhere in Central and South America See your deck hand/tour guide activity.
Axsum Location relative to the Ethiopian Highlands and the Nile River Christian kingdom
Zimbabwe Location relative to the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers and the Indian Ocean coast City of “Great Zimbabwe” as capital of a prosperous empire
West African Kingdoms Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires near Niger River and the Sahara Gold and salt were important to trans-Saharan trade City of Timbuktu as center of trade and learning Roles of animism and Islam