Presentation on theme: "C-Notes: HIV/AIDS and STDs"— Presentation transcript:
1 C-Notes: HIV/AIDS and STDs Stnd: 5.4 GC-Notes: HIV/AIDS and STDs02/27/2014Objective:SWBAT identify the different symptoms related to HIV/AIDs and STDs
2 What are some Ground Rules? We are about to spend 6 lessons on prevention of the spread of HIV/AIDS and other STD’s.Ground RulesOne person speaks at a time (raise your hand)No Putdowns (Respect differences)No dumb questionsDon’t use names to tell a storyClassroom discussions are confidentialI know that this could be challenging because of controversy and misunderstandings that surrounds HIV/AIDS and STDS. So we need to set some ground rules before we begin.
3 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) What is HIV?(Human Immunodeficiency Virus)A Virus that causes AIDS.HIV weakens several organ systems and destroys the body’s immune system, making it easier for life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to invade the bodyCertain drugs have become popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and raves.
4 Certain drugs have become popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and raves.
5 Certain drugs have become popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and raves.
6 Certain drugs have become popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and raves.
7 Certain drugs have become popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and raves.
8 BloodBreast milkSemen & Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum)Vaginal fluidThese 4 fluids can transmit HIV into a person’s bloodstream through 4 commonly openings:Mouthgenitals (vagina & penis)anusbreaks in the skinWhich body fluids can transmit HIV?
10 Sex (anal, vaginal, or oral) Sharing needles When an infected person’s blood, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with an uninfected person’s broken skin or mucous membranes.Sex (anal, vaginal, or oral)Sharing needlesHIV infected women to their babies before or during birth, or breast feeding after birthWhat are the most common ways that HIV is transmitted??If the person performing oral sex has HIV , blood from their mouth may enter the body of the person receiving oral sex through the opening of the penis, bagina, anus or through any open cuts or sores.
11 What happens to the body when HIV enters the body? HIV takes over the T cells(immune system fights back by producing antibodies)T Cells becomes HIV factoriesNewly infected person may run a fever or experience flu-like symptoms during the first few daysHIV antibodiesare not detected for 3-6 months laterThis is called the “Window Period”AIDS is diagnosed latercan not be cured
13 How can you tell if you are infected with HIV? (symptoms) Only way getting tested(do NOT rely on symptoms b/c it takes many years for symptoms to occur)Warning Signs:Rapid weight lossDry coughSwollen lymph glands in the armpit, groin, or neckDiarrhea (lasting for more than a week)White spots on the tongue, mouth or throatPneumoniaRed, brown, pinkish/purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelidsMemory loss, depression and other neurological disorders.However, do not assume you are infected if you have any of these symptoms.
14 What is AIDS?(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)A condition which limits the body’s ability to fight infectionsIs a later stage of HIV, often occurring eight or more years after a person is infected with HIV
15 What is the worldwide AIDS pandemic? Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):30.8 million adults and 2.5 million children in the world (Pandemic)1.1 million people in the United States (Epidemic)100,000 people diagnosed cases of AIDS in California
20 Is there a connection between HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases? YesHaving an STD can increase a person’s risk of becoming infected with HIV, whether the STD cause open sores, or breaks in the skin. (ex: herpes and syphilis) or does not cause breaks in the skin (chlamydia, gonorrhea)
21 (Sexually Transmitted Disease) What are STD’s?(Sexually TransmittedDisease)Diseases that are spread during vaginal, anal, and/or oral sexEx:Pubic LiceChlamydiaGonorrheaSyphilisHepatitis A & CGenital HerpesHIVHPV
24 You CANNOT get HIV from: a toilet seatbeing coughed or sneezed onsharing eating utensilsliving with someone who is HIV positivesharing a bathroomtears, saliva, or sweatcasual contact
25 What are Pubic Lice? “Crabs” Caused by External parasite that infests the pubic regionTransmissionClose physical contact or using clothing, bedding or towel of an infected personSymptomsIntense itching in genital or anal region where there is body hairTreatmentCurable with OTC shampoos and creams as well as washing all clothing and bedding
27 What is Chlamydia? Caused by Bacteria Treated with antibiotics Long term effects: (Not treated)Women: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), damage to reproductive organ, tubal (ectopic) pregnancies and infertilityMen: inflammation of testicles, prostate, and scrotum and infertilityBoth: ArthritisSymptomsWomen (none): Unusual discharge from vagina, abdominal and urination pain, and vaginal bleedingMen(2- 6weeks): Burning when urinating and clear-to-white discharge**Many infected individuals do not have any symptoms**Although chlamydia is usually asymptomatic in women, it may present with inflammation of the cervix.Chlamydia:Clear or milky urethral discharge may be a symptom of chlamydia in men.
29 What is Gonorrhea? Caused by Bacteria Can be treated with antibiotics If untreated, may lead to infertility and damage to reproductive organs.SymptomsWomen (none): Thick discharge from vagina, abdominal and urination pain, pain during intercourse and/or vaginal bleedingMen (2-7 days): Burning when urinating, testicular pain or swelling and thick, yellowish-green discharge**Many infected individuals do not have any symptoms**
31 What is Syphilis? Caused by Bacteria Can be treated with antibiotics Symptoms (progresses in 4 stages)1st (10-14 days): Painless reddish brown sores that appears on the genital area called “chancres”2nd (Later): rashes, swollen joints, fever, and hair loss3rd (silent): no symptoms4th (after 1st year): brain damage, heart disease, blindness, damage to spinal cord, and death
34 What are Genital Herpes? Caused by Virus (Two types)Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) : cold soresHSV-2: genital herpes** May cause a single outbreak or recurrences over time**Recurrences are triggered by:Menstrual cycle (women)StressFeverIntercourseSun tanningSome medsSymptomsSmall painful blisters on sex organs that break into open soresMay have no symptomsNo cure. Symptoms can be treated with meds to reduce the outbreaks
36 What is Hepatitis B? Caused by Virus that affects the liver TransmissionInfected blood through vaginal, anal and oral sexCommon from sharing toothbrush and razors from an infected personSymptoms (none)50% of people has no symptoms but may include jaundice (yellowish skin and eyes), and flu-like symptomsNo CURE, but there is a vaccine to prevent infection.
37 What is HPV? (Human Papilloma Virus) A Virus that causes genital warts and cervical cancerSymptomsSmall painless cauliflower-like bumps on sex organs and anus that can multiply quicklyItchiness, discomfort and bleeding with intercourseNo cure. Can remove bump with creams, lasers, burns or freezing but the virus will still be under the tissue. (Vaccine for cervical cancer is available for females)