Presentation on theme: "5.1 discuss “Republicanism”"— Presentation transcript:
15.1 discuss “Republicanism” Defined: indirect democracyDiscuss: different ideas about “republican government”Direct / Indirect
2???????????????????? When did we declare independence ? _________ When did the war end ? __________When did we become officially independent ? _______When did GW become our first president ? _________
3* define : “ the critical period” >consolidate and survive in the face of many problems along with a lack of experience , confidence and trust.
4“The Patriot” Debate “…South Carolina is not at war” “…and what nation is that?“…..1 ruler 3,000 miles away or 3,000 rulers 1 mile away”
55.1 Describe the Articles of Confederation Confederation – a loose union of strong statesPlan “A”* Why did it fail?- structure and power- handout* Why form it in the first place?- past experience
65.1 ID achievements of the A of C conducted the wargot the Treaty of Paris done 1783passed the NW Ordinance of 1787allowed for the development of state constitutions
75.1 State the importance of the 13 state constitutions were much more detailed than the A of CIllustrated the importance of state (local) rule to the americansseparation of power -3 branches; including a judiciarysystem of checks and balancescontained a listing of protected rights
85.2 Why is Shay’s Rebellion important? It (along with other problems) convinced American political leaders that the A of C gov’t had to be strengthened.but…..How much change?How to change it?May 1787 in Philadelphia- each state would send a delegation to work on problems and possible improvements to the A of CWould become “The Constitutional Convention”
95.2 Describe the CC Philly : May – Sept. 1787 purpose: to revise, improvethe 12/13 states sent delegates:- who was there?- very elite groupGW, Madison, Franklin, Dickinson, Morris, Sherman, Patterson, Hamilton- who wasn’t?JA, SA, Patrick Henryaction taken:- gag order, start from scratch- compromise- GW; James Madison
105.2 ID the major compromises made at the Constitutional Convention state representation / voting in the National Legislature- Bicameral: (Senate (=) and House of Representatives (%)Slavery- 3/5National power over Commerce- interstate- foreign; tariffs- no laws against the slave trade (20 years)Presidential selection- electoral college* for ratification: ………..
115.3 RATIFICATION Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists - 9 states to ratify The Federalist Papers- Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison- essays ( for NY newspapers)- remove fear, the unknown, explain* handoutAnti-Federalists- letters- P Henry, S Adams, TJThe Bill Of Rights
14ID Basic Principles of American Government FederalismSeparation of PowersChecks & BalancesJudicial ReviewSingularitySupremacyPopular SovereigntyFlexibility- A 10, A 9- A1 s8 c18—”the elastic clause”- “Inherent Powers”- the Amendments