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5.1 discuss Republicanism Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about republican government Direct / Indirect.

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Presentation on theme: "5.1 discuss Republicanism Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about republican government Direct / Indirect."— Presentation transcript:

1 5.1 discuss Republicanism Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about republican government Direct / Indirect

2 ???????????????????? When did we declare independence ? _________ When did the war end ? __________ When did we become officially independent ? _______ When did GW become our first president ? _________

3 * define : the critical period > consolidate and survive in the face of many problems along with a lack of experience, confidence and trust.

4 The Patriot Debate …South Carolina is not at war …and what nation is that? …..1 ruler 3,000 miles away or 3,000 rulers 1 mile away

5 5.1 Describe the Articles of Confederation Confederation – a loose union of strong states Plan A * Why did it fail? - structure and power - handout * Why form it in the first place? - past experience

6 5.1 ID achievements of the A of C conducted the war got the Treaty of Paris done 1783 passed the NW Ordinance of 1787 allowed for the development of state constitutions

7 5.1 State the importance of the 13 state constitutions were much more detailed than the A of C Illustrated the importance of state (local) rule to the americans separation of power -3 branches; including a judiciary system of checks and balances contained a listing of protected rights

8 5.2 Why is Shays Rebellion important? It (along with other problems) convinced American political leaders that the A of C govt had to be strengthened. but….. How much change? How to change it? May 1787 in Philadelphia- each state would send a delegation to work on problems and possible improvements to the A of C Would become The Constitutional Convention

9 5.2 Describe the CC Philly : May – Sept purpose: to revise, improve the 12/13 states sent delegates: - who was there?- very elite group GW, Madison, Franklin, Dickinson, Morris, Sherman, Patterson, Hamilton - who wasnt? JA, SA, Patrick Henry action taken: - gag order, start from scratch - compromise - GW; James Madison

10 5.2 ID the major compromises made at the Constitutional Convention state representation / voting in the National Legislature - Bicameral: (Senate (=) and House of Representatives (%) Slavery - 3/5 National power over Commerce - interstate - foreign; tariffs - no laws against the slave trade (20 years) Presidential selection - electoral college * for ratification: ………..

11 5.3 RATIFICATION Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists - 9 states to ratify The Federalist Papers - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison - essays ( for NY newspapers) - remove fear, the unknown, explain * handout Anti-Federalists - letters - P Henry, S Adams, TJ The Bill Of Rights

12 * Structure of the Constitution Articles, Sections, Clauses - A1,S8, c18 Preamble - purpose A1 - Legislative A2 - Executive A3 - Judicial A4 - Federalism A5 - Amendment Process A6 - Supremacy A7 - Ratification Amendments

13 ROOTS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

14 ID Basic Principles of American Government Federalism Separation of Powers Checks & Balances Judicial Review Singularity Supremacy Popular Sovereignty Flexibility - A 10, A 9 - A1 s8 c18the elastic clause - Inherent Powers - the Amendments

15 Seperation of Power – 3 Branches

16 FLEXIBILITY A 10 – reserved powers A 9 – expansion of the B of R A1 s8 c18- the elastic clause Inherent Powers of the President in A2 the Amendment process SC rulings

17 AMENDMENTS Bill of Rights 13,14,15 Civil war 16,17,18,19 Progressive Era(21) Extension of Voting Rights – 23,24,26 Presidential Power / Circumstances – 20,22,25 11,12, 27


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