Presentation on theme: "5.1 discuss Republicanism Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about republican government Direct / Indirect."— Presentation transcript:
5.1 discuss Republicanism Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about republican government Direct / Indirect
???????????????????? When did we declare independence ? _________ When did the war end ? __________ When did we become officially independent ? _______ When did GW become our first president ? _________
* define : the critical period > consolidate and survive in the face of many problems along with a lack of experience, confidence and trust.
The Patriot Debate …South Carolina is not at war …and what nation is that? …..1 ruler 3,000 miles away or 3,000 rulers 1 mile away
5.1 Describe the Articles of Confederation Confederation – a loose union of strong states Plan A * Why did it fail? - structure and power - handout * Why form it in the first place? - past experience
5.1 ID achievements of the A of C conducted the war got the Treaty of Paris done 1783 passed the NW Ordinance of 1787 allowed for the development of state constitutions
5.1 State the importance of the 13 state constitutions were much more detailed than the A of C Illustrated the importance of state (local) rule to the americans separation of power -3 branches; including a judiciary system of checks and balances contained a listing of protected rights
5.2 Why is Shays Rebellion important? It (along with other problems) convinced American political leaders that the A of C govt had to be strengthened. but….. How much change? How to change it? May 1787 in Philadelphia- each state would send a delegation to work on problems and possible improvements to the A of C Would become The Constitutional Convention
5.2 Describe the CC Philly : May – Sept purpose: to revise, improve the 12/13 states sent delegates: - who was there?- very elite group GW, Madison, Franklin, Dickinson, Morris, Sherman, Patterson, Hamilton - who wasnt? JA, SA, Patrick Henry action taken: - gag order, start from scratch - compromise - GW; James Madison
5.2 ID the major compromises made at the Constitutional Convention state representation / voting in the National Legislature - Bicameral: (Senate (=) and House of Representatives (%) Slavery - 3/5 National power over Commerce - interstate - foreign; tariffs - no laws against the slave trade (20 years) Presidential selection - electoral college * for ratification: ………..
5.3 RATIFICATION Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists - 9 states to ratify The Federalist Papers - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison - essays ( for NY newspapers) - remove fear, the unknown, explain * handout Anti-Federalists - letters - P Henry, S Adams, TJ The Bill Of Rights
ID Basic Principles of American Government Federalism Separation of Powers Checks & Balances Judicial Review Singularity Supremacy Popular Sovereignty Flexibility - A 10, A 9 - A1 s8 c18the elastic clause - Inherent Powers - the Amendments
Seperation of Power – 3 Branches
FLEXIBILITY A 10 – reserved powers A 9 – expansion of the B of R A1 s8 c18- the elastic clause Inherent Powers of the President in A2 the Amendment process SC rulings
AMENDMENTS Bill of Rights 13,14,15 Civil war 16,17,18,19 Progressive Era(21) Extension of Voting Rights – 23,24,26 Presidential Power / Circumstances – 20,22,25 11,12, 27