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5.1 discuss “Republicanism”

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Presentation on theme: "5.1 discuss “Republicanism”"— Presentation transcript:

1 5.1 discuss “Republicanism”
Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about “republican government” Direct / Indirect

2 ???????????????????? When did we declare independence ? _________
When did the war end ? __________ When did we become officially independent ? _______ When did GW become our first president ? _________

3 * define : “ the critical period”
 > consolidate and survive in the face of many problems along with a lack of experience , confidence and trust.

4 “The Patriot” Debate “…South Carolina is not at war”
“…and what nation is that? “…..1 ruler 3,000 miles away or 3,000 rulers 1 mile away”

5 5.1 Describe the Articles of Confederation
Confederation – a loose union of strong states Plan “A” * Why did it fail? - structure and power - handout * Why form it in the first place? - past experience

6 5.1 ID achievements of the A of C
conducted the war got the Treaty of Paris done 1783 passed the NW Ordinance of 1787 allowed for the development of state constitutions

7 5.1 State the importance of the 13 state constitutions
were much more detailed than the A of C Illustrated the importance of state (local) rule to the americans separation of power -3 branches; including a judiciary system of checks and balances contained a listing of protected rights

8 5.2 Why is Shay’s Rebellion important?
It (along with other problems) convinced American political leaders that the A of C gov’t had to be strengthened. but….. How much change? How to change it? May 1787 in Philadelphia- each state would send a delegation to work on problems and possible improvements to the A of C Would become “The Constitutional Convention”

9 5.2 Describe the CC Philly : May – Sept. 1787
purpose: to revise, improve the 12/13 states sent delegates: - who was there?- very elite group GW, Madison, Franklin, Dickinson, Morris, Sherman, Patterson, Hamilton - who wasn’t? JA, SA, Patrick Henry action taken: - gag order, start from scratch - compromise - GW; James Madison

10 5.2 ID the major compromises made at the Constitutional Convention
state representation / voting in the National Legislature - Bicameral: (Senate (=) and House of Representatives (%) Slavery - 3/5 National power over Commerce - interstate - foreign; tariffs - no laws against the slave trade (20 years) Presidential selection - electoral college * for ratification: ………..

11 5.3 RATIFICATION Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists - 9 states to ratify
The Federalist Papers - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison - essays ( for NY newspapers) - remove fear, the unknown, explain * handout Anti-Federalists - letters - P Henry, S Adams, TJ The Bill Of Rights

12 * Structure of the Constitution
Articles, Sections, Clauses - A1,S8,c18 Preamble - purpose A1 - Legislative A2 - Executive A3 - Judicial A4 - Federalism A5 - Amendment Process A6 - Supremacy A7 - Ratification Amendments


14 ID Basic Principles of American Government
Federalism Separation of Powers Checks & Balances Judicial Review Singularity Supremacy Popular Sovereignty Flexibility - A 10, A 9 - A1 s8 c18—”the elastic clause” - “Inherent Powers” - the Amendments

15 Seperation of Power – 3 Branches

16 FLEXIBILITY A 10 – “reserved powers” A 9 – expansion of the B of R
A1 s8 c18- “the elastic clause” “Inherent Powers” of the President in A2 the Amendment process SC rulings

17 AMENDMENTS - 27 1-10 Bill of Rights 13,14,15 Civil war
16,17,18,19 Progressive Era(21) Extension of Voting Rights – 23,24,26 Presidential Power / Circumstances – 20,22,25 11,12, 27

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