Presentation on theme: "5.1 discuss “Republicanism”"— Presentation transcript:
1 5.1 discuss “Republicanism” Defined: indirect democracyDiscuss: different ideas about “republican government”Direct / Indirect
2 ???????????????????? When did we declare independence ? _________ When did the war end ? __________When did we become officially independent ? _______When did GW become our first president ? _________
3 * define : “ the critical period” >consolidate and survive in the face of many problems along with a lack of experience , confidence and trust.
4 “The Patriot” Debate “…South Carolina is not at war” “…and what nation is that?“…..1 ruler 3,000 miles away or 3,000 rulers 1 mile away”
5 5.1 Describe the Articles of Confederation Confederation – a loose union of strong statesPlan “A”* Why did it fail?- structure and power- handout* Why form it in the first place?- past experience
6 5.1 ID achievements of the A of C conducted the wargot the Treaty of Paris done 1783passed the NW Ordinance of 1787allowed for the development of state constitutions
7 5.1 State the importance of the 13 state constitutions were much more detailed than the A of CIllustrated the importance of state (local) rule to the americansseparation of power -3 branches; including a judiciarysystem of checks and balancescontained a listing of protected rights
8 5.2 Why is Shay’s Rebellion important? It (along with other problems) convinced American political leaders that the A of C gov’t had to be strengthened.but…..How much change?How to change it?May 1787 in Philadelphia- each state would send a delegation to work on problems and possible improvements to the A of CWould become “The Constitutional Convention”
9 5.2 Describe the CC Philly : May – Sept. 1787 purpose: to revise, improvethe 12/13 states sent delegates:- who was there?- very elite groupGW, Madison, Franklin, Dickinson, Morris, Sherman, Patterson, Hamilton- who wasn’t?JA, SA, Patrick Henryaction taken:- gag order, start from scratch- compromise- GW; James Madison
10 5.2 ID the major compromises made at the Constitutional Convention state representation / voting in the National Legislature- Bicameral: (Senate (=) and House of Representatives (%)Slavery- 3/5National power over Commerce- interstate- foreign; tariffs- no laws against the slave trade (20 years)Presidential selection- electoral college* for ratification: ………..
11 5.3 RATIFICATION Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists - 9 states to ratify The Federalist Papers- Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison- essays ( for NY newspapers)- remove fear, the unknown, explain* handoutAnti-Federalists- letters- P Henry, S Adams, TJThe Bill Of Rights
14 ID Basic Principles of American Government FederalismSeparation of PowersChecks & BalancesJudicial ReviewSingularitySupremacyPopular SovereigntyFlexibility- A 10, A 9- A1 s8 c18—”the elastic clause”- “Inherent Powers”- the Amendments