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Chapter 7 Review
Document that sets out the laws and principles of a government
What is the main part of the Legislative Branch?
What are the 3 branches of government?
Legislative, Judicial and Executive
Branch of government which makes the laws
Document that lists freedoms the government promises to protect
bill of rights
What was our first Constitution called?
Articles of Confederation
Who is the main person in the Executive Branch?
Who had the most power under the Articles of Confederation?
The Articles of Confederation formed a __?___ alliance of states.
The Articles of Confederation formed a loose alliance of states.
What was the main problem of the Articles of Confederation?
Congress was too weak
Power of the Supreme Court to decide whether laws passed by Congress are Constitutional
What was the main positive impact of the Articles of Confederation?
The division of land in the West (Land Ordinance (1785) and the Northwest Ordinance (1787))
How many House members does a state have?
It depends on their populationIt depends on their population. The more people in a state the more members in the House of Representatives.
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
Revise the Articles of Confederation
What is the main group in the Judicial Branch?
Where was the Constitutional Convention?
In what year did the Constitutional Convention take place?
Who was the President of the Constitutional Convention?
How many justices are there in the Supreme Court?
What is the job of the Judicial Branch?
Make sure the laws are constitutional.
Who was known as the “Father of the Constitution?”
The __?__ Compromise called for a bicameral legislature and 3 branches of government.
What was the compromise regarding slavery at the Constitutional Convention?
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention decided to leave the slave trade alone for how many years?
What Native American tribe served as a source of the Constitution?
What were the people who supported the Constitution called?
How long do Senators serve for?
What do we call the leader of the House of Representatives?
Speaker of the House
What was the name of the group against the Constitution?
Formal written change (to the Constitution)
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay were part of which group during the ratification debate?
What group wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution?
Patrick Henry was a leader of which group during the ratification debate?
System of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
How many amendments have there been to the Constitution?
How long do Supreme Court justices serve for?
What did the Bill of Rights protect?
Where is the principle of popular sovereignty found?
What does popular sovereignty mean?
The power of the government comes from the people.
What is the job of the Legislative Branch?
Make the laws
Period in which business activity slows, prices and wages falls and unemployment rises
The Constitutional Convention held its meetings in __?___.
Branch of government which carries out the laws
Branch of government which determines if laws are fair
Settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement
System is which the power of the government is divided among separate branches
Separation of powers
Division of power between the states and national government
Group of electors from each state that meets every 4 years to vote for the President and Vice President
System set up by the constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to control the actions of the other branches
Checks and balances
What allows Congress to increase its power in times of emergency?
The elastic clause
What are similarities each state had with their government during the Revolution?
1. Constitutions 2. Bill of rights 3. Elected legislature
Overrule. Congress can override a President’s veto if two thirds of both houses vote to do so.
Bring formal charges against an elected official
Right of every citizen to the same fair rules in all cases brought to trial
Not permitted by the Constitution
Example set for later people to follow
What were the voting requirements that were the same for each state in 1781?
21 male white owned land / pay taxes
Group of people who head government departments and advise the President
Congress is a bicameral or two house legislatureCongress is a bicameral or two house legislature. What two houses make up Congress?
Senate and the House of Representatives.
How old must you be to become a Senator?
30 years old
What is the Senate sometimes called?
How long is a term in the House of Representatives?
How old must you be to run for the House of Representatives?
25 years old
How many Senators are there today?
How many people are in the House of Representatives today?
Who is the leader of the Senate?
What type of states have more power in the House of Representatives?
How many Senators does a state have?
What word means to bring an elected official to trial?
The __. __ Plan called for each state having 1 vote in CongressThe __?__ Plan called for each state having 1 vote in Congress. It favored smaller states.
Nation in which voters elect representatives to govern them
What is the job of the executive branch?
Carry out the laws
When was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
Who is our President today?
Who is our Vice President today?
How long is a presidential term?
The __?__ plan called for a legislature which favored larger states.
What was the name of the rebellion of farmers in Massachusetts in 1786?
How old must someone be to become a President?
35 years old
What term means sworn into office?
Who actually elects the President?
What is the head of the Supreme Court called?
What type of cases does the Supreme Court deal with?
It is the final court of appealsIt is the final court of appeals. It sees cases where the constitutionality of laws are under discussion.
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