Presentation on theme: "Bellwork: 1/29 Compromise: A settlement or agreement reached between two sides, where each side gives something to the other side. Journal: Describe."— Presentation transcript:
1 Bellwork: 1/29Compromise: A settlement or agreement reached between two sides, where each side gives something to the other side.Journal: Describe a time when you had to compromise with someone. Who did you compromise with and what was the compromise?
3 What were the results of the Great Compromise? Essential QuestionWhat were the results of the Great Compromise?
4 Upcoming ChangeBy the mid 1780’s most political leaders agreed the Articles of Confederation need to be changedConfederation Congress invited each state to send delegates to a convention in PhiladelphiaWould discuss ways to improve Articles of Confed.Meeting was called The Constitutional Convention12 states sent 55 delegates to the conventionWould lead to the creation of the U.S. Constitution
5 Constitutional Convention Key figures present:James MadisonBenjamin FranklinGeorge WashingtonKey figures absentJohn AdamsThomas JeffersonHow is our country being represented?
6 The Great CompromiseSome members wanted to make small changes to the Articles of ConfederationSome wanted to rewrite the Articles completelyThere were also disagreements between:small and large states; based on how they would be represented in the new governmentabout slaveryEconomic issues such as tariffsHow strong to make the national government
7 Virginia Plan Large-state plan Written by James MadisonWould give sovereignty-supreme power, to the national governmentDivided the gov’t into three branches:Executive, Judicial, LegislativeLegislature would be bicameral- two houses# of representatives of the legislature would depend on state populationThis would benefit large states, giving them more representatives
8 New Jersey Plan Small-state plan Proposed keeping Congress’ structure the sameUnicameral-one house legislatureThis would give each state an equal # of votesThis would benefit smaller states, as large population had no effect on the # of votesConvention could not agree after months of debateA compromise was reached
9 Great Compromise Cont’d The Great Compromise-Broke the government into 3 Branches of GovernmentBicameral legislature:Every state, regardless of its size would have an equal vote in the upper house of the legislatureSenateEach state would have a # of representatives based on its population in the lower house of the legislatureHouse of Representatives
11 The Three-Fifths Compromise The debate over representation (how to count people) also led to problemsSome Southern delegates wanted to count slaves as part of their state populationsNorthern delegates disagreed, thought it was unfairDelegates accepted the Three-Fifths compromise.Each slave would count as 3/5 of a person(100 slaves = 60)
12 Main Concepts Most of the delegates wanted a strong national governmentPopular Sovereignty- idea that political authority belongs to the peopleBalance power of national government with power of the statesFederalism- sharing of power between a central government and the statesFederal gov’t has power to enforce lawsStates must obey authority of Federal gov’tFederal gov’t has the power to use the military to enforce lawsTroops are under the command of the presidentStates have control over areas not assigned to Federal gov’t
13 Balance of Power Legislative Branch: Congress Proposes and passes laws2 houses: Senate and House of RepresentativesExecutive Branch: PresidentEnforces laws, assures they are carried outCommander-in-Chief of the militaryJudicial Branch: CourtsInterprets laws, punishes criminalsSettles disputes between states
14 Checks and Balances Kept one branch from gaining too much power Ex: Congress proposes and passes lawsPresident can veto, or reject, that lawCongress can override veto with a 2/3 majority voteJudicial Branch interprets laws to keep other branches from abusing powerSupreme Court reviews laws passed by Congress
15 Federalists vs. Antifederalists Antifederalists- those that opposed the constitutionFelt the central gov’t had too much powerUpset that no Bill of Rights was includedFederalists- supported the constitutionFelt it offered a good balance of powerFederalist Papers- essays written supporting the ConstitutionMany written by James Madison and Alexander HamiltonPropaganda supporting the Constitution
16 RatificationThe Constitution needed approval of 9 states to become ratifiedEach state held conventions to give citizens the chance to discuss the ConstitutionThey could then vote whether or not to ratify itJune 1788, Constitution was ratified
17 Bill of Rights Amendments- official changes, corrections, or additions The Bill of Rights would appear as a series of Amendments to the ConstitutionThe first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of RightsMade sure the abuses listed in the Declaration of Independence would be illegalWould protect citizens’ individual rights
18 Constitution’s flexibility Has clear guidelines and principlesCan be changed and updated to stay current with new times and challengesOften called a “living constitution”