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Principles of the U. S. Constitution. Seven principles found in the U. S. Constitution: separation of power separation of power checks and balances checks.

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Presentation on theme: "Principles of the U. S. Constitution. Seven principles found in the U. S. Constitution: separation of power separation of power checks and balances checks."— Presentation transcript:

1 Principles of the U. S. Constitution

2 Seven principles found in the U. S. Constitution: separation of power separation of power checks and balances checks and balances popular sovereignty popular sovereignty republicanism republicanism Limited government Federalism Individual rights

3 Separation of Power The power of the national government is divided into three branches. The power of the national government is divided into three branches. Legislative Branch makes laws Executive Branch enforces laws judicial Branch interprets laws

4 Checks and Balances Checks and Balances The three branches check or limit each other to prevent one branch from becoming too powerful. The three branches check or limit each other to prevent one branch from becoming too powerful.

5 Legislative Branch Executive Branch Judicial Branch Congress can remove the president The President can veto laws passed by Congress Supreme Court can declare a law passed by Congress unconstitutional The President appoints Supreme Court judges Congress approves and removes Supreme Court judges Supreme Court can declare actions of the president unconstitutional

6 Popular Sovereignty The idea that people hold the final authority in government. The idea that people hold the final authority in government. people rule people rule

7 Republicanism The people elect representatives and give them the responsibility to make laws. The people elect representatives and give them the responsibility to make laws.

8 Limited Government The U. S. Constitution created a strong national government, but the power was limited in order to prevent abuse of power. The U. S. Constitution created a strong national government, but the power was limited in order to prevent abuse of power. By creating limited government, they made sure the government would have only those powers given by the people. By creating limited government, they made sure the government would have only those powers given by the people.

9 Federalism Power is shared between a strong national government and the fifty states. Power is shared between a strong national government and the fifty states. The powers not delegated (given) to the national government are reserved (given) to the states. The powers not delegated (given) to the national government are reserved (given) to the states.

10 Federalism The powers not delegated (given) to the national government are reserved (given) to the states.

11 Federalism Power is divided between state and national governments

12 Rights that are given to the people in the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution. Rights that are given to the people in the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution. Some of these rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to trial by jury. Some of these rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to trial by jury. Individual Rights

13 Ratification of the U. S. Constitution

14 After four long and difficult months, the delegates at the Constitutional Convention produced a new constitution (U. S. Constitution) in 1787. After four long and difficult months, the delegates at the Constitutional Convention produced a new constitution (U. S. Constitution) in 1787. The new constitution created a stronger national government. The new constitution created a stronger national government.

15 Timeline Articles of Confederation Constitutional Convention U. S. Constitution Shayss Rebellion

16 What will complete the diagram? U. S. Constitution

17 Roots of the Constitution Magna Carta = Magna Carta = Mayflower Compact = Mayflower Compact = House of Burgesses = House of Burgesses = Declaration of Independence = Declaration of Independence = Trial by jury Self government Representative government Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness

18 These examples of colonial democracy helped pave the way for the writing of U. S. Constitution

19 1 st Constitution 1 st Constitution weak national government weak national government one branch one branch no U. S. presidents no U. S. presidents no federal courts no federal courts 2 nd Constitution strong national government three branches U. S. presidents Supreme Court Articles of ConfederationU. S. Constitution

20 Approving the Constitution Before the Constitution could go into effect, nine states needed to ratify (approve) it. Before the Constitution could go into effect, nine states needed to ratify (approve) it. Americans discussed the arguments for and against the new constitution. Americans discussed the arguments for and against the new constitution. Supporters of the new U. S. Constitution were called Federalists Supporters of the new U. S. Constitution were called Federalists Federalists: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. Federalists: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay.

21 James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay wrote a series of essays called the Federalists Papers to explain and defend the Constitution. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay wrote a series of essays called the Federalists Papers to explain and defend the Constitution. The Federalists Papers were used to convince citizens to support ratification (approval) of the Constitution. The Federalists Papers were used to convince citizens to support ratification (approval) of the Constitution.

22 James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay F E D E R A L I S T S

23 People who opposed (were against) ratification (approval) of the new U. S. Constitution were called Antifederalists (Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry). People who opposed (were against) ratification (approval) of the new U. S. Constitution were called Antifederalists (Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry). Antifederalists were against the constitution because it lacked a bill of rights (a list of rights) to protect individual freedoms. Antifederalists were against the constitution because it lacked a bill of rights (a list of rights) to protect individual freedoms. The Antifederalists believed that the federal (national) government should have limited power. The Antifederalists believed that the federal (national) government should have limited power.

24 A n t i f e d e r a l i s t s Thomas Jefferson

25 Approved the new constitution Approved the new constitution Strong national government Strong national government Did not approve of the new constitution until a bill of rights was added Limited power for the national government FederalistsAntifederalists

26 Signing the U. S. Constitution


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