Aggregate Fruit aceae/09-%20Morus%20alba%20fruits.jpg Multiple Fruit achenes Fruit Origins: Simple Fruit
Fruit Composition Superior Ovary Hypogynous Flower True Fruit Only Half-Superior Ovary Perigynous Flower True + Accessory Fruit Inferior Ovary Epigynous Flower True + Accessory Fruit
Fleshy Fruits Drupe: with pit Berry: with seeds Pome: with core Fruit Description: Example: peach Example: tomatoExample: apple
The Cherry flower is:completeperfect hypogynous
The cherry fruit is a drupe with a both fleshy and pit wall layers.
Coffea arabica - coffee Coffee fruits mature unevenly and so are hand-picked…by Juan Valdez? This leads to a social dilemma…to buy or to boycott or…? Coffee originated in tropical Africa, but most of the crop is now grown in the South American tropics. Why? What South American native is produced mostly in Africa? Chocolate
These grapes are a classic berry. What is the tiny scar on the end of each fruit? The location of the style attachment So is the ovary superior or inferior? Here is a berry from an inferior ovary! What is the difference between the flesh of the two berries shown here? True vs Accessory
Cucurbita female (pistillate, carpellate flower) stigma style inferior ovary pedicel vestigial androecium fruit will have accessory
Are the flowers perfect or imperfect? Is the pistil simple or compound? Is the ovary inferior or superior? Is the flower epigynous or hypogynous? This is the true fruit. What is the rest of the tissue? Is the placenta axile, radial, or parietal? This is a seed or an ovule? What is this stalk?funiculus accessory
The flowers of apple have a half- inferior (half-superior) ovary. So the fruit is going to be partially an accessory fruit. The apple fruit is a pome, which has a cartilaginous core as the true fruit. The accessory is tasty! The bottom of the fruit shows the remains of the five styles and stigmata. There are also five triangular flaps that were the sepals,
Dry FruitsDehiscent Follicle-one side Legume-two sides Capsule-multiple Dry FruitsIndehiscent Achene - cypsela Grain - caryopsis Nut with involucre Fruit Description: Example: milkweedExample: honey locust Example: hibiscus Example: sunflowerExample: cornExample: oak
Both Kapok and Milkweed have a fruit that splits along one side: …a follicle. The seeds of both species have a fibrous pappus attached to the seeds. Kapok was used for filling floatation devices. In WW2, the US investigated using milkweed as a substitute to outfit the Navy. It was found unsuitable.
Here are two fruits, dry at maturity, and splitting along both sides of the fruit to shed seeds. This makes the fruits legumes. The examples shown are lentil (left) and redbud (below).
Papaver orientale- oriental poppy stigmata ovary wall sepal stamen and petal scars Wounding this fruit causes latex to bleed out. This is collected as raw opium. Morphine and codeine can be extracted from this. Heroin is synthesized by reactions with morphine as starting material. Is this pistil simple or compound?
Fragaria early fruit development shows clearly the carpels of the flower becoming the true fruit… stigma style superior ovary receptacle true fruit accessory to fruit
Nut! involucre ovary wall stigma style Cypsela inferior ovary wall scar of epigynous flower Caryopsis - grain pedicel scar hypogynous flower chaff pedicel scar scar of style embryo ovary wall The most important fruit on earth! daisy family! oak, filbert (hazelnut), chestnut rice, corn, wheat, etc.
O/T/Theobroma%20cacao.jpg _Archiv/Theobroma%20cacao%202.jpg fleurs.com/images/fleurs_tropicales/theobroma_cacao_fleurs.JPG Theobroma cacao The ground-up interior of the seeds is used to make chocolate (after mixing with sugar and milk solids)