9The cherry fruit is a drupe with a both fleshy and pit wall layers.
10What South American native is produced mostly in Africa? Coffee fruits mature unevenly and so are hand-picked…by Juan Valdez? This leads to a social dilemma…to buy or to boycott or…?Coffea arabica - coffeeCoffee originated in tropical Africa, but most of the crop is now grown in the South American tropics. Why?What South American native is produced mostly in Africa?Chocolate
11These grapes are a classic berry. What is the tiny scar on the end of each fruit?The location of the style attachmentSo is the ovary superior or inferior?Here is a berry from an inferior ovary!What is the difference between the flesh of the two berries shown here?True vs Accessory
12Cucurbita female (pistillate, carpellate flower) stigmavestigialandroeciumstyleinferiorovaryfruit will have accessorypedicel
13Are the flowers perfect or imperfect? Is the pistil simple or compound?Is the ovary inferior or superior?Is the flower epigynous or hypogynous?accessoryThis is the true fruit.What is the rest of the tissue?Is the placenta axile, radial, or parietal?This is a seed or an ovule?What is this stalk?funiculus
15The flowers of apple have a half-inferior (half-superior) ovary. So the fruit is going to be partially an accessory fruit.The apple fruit is a pome, which has a cartilaginous core as the true fruit. The accessory is tasty!The bottom of the fruit shows the remains of the five styles and stigmata.There are also five triangular flaps that were the sepals,
16Fruit Description: Dry Fruits Dehiscent Follicle-one side Legume-two sidesCapsule-multipleExample: milkweedExample: honey locustExample: hibiscusDry FruitsIndehiscentAchene - cypselaGrain - caryopsisNut with involucreExample: sunflowerExample: cornExample: oak
17Both Kapok and Milkweed have a fruit that splits along one side: …a follicle.The seeds of both species have a fibrous pappus attached to the seeds.Kapok was used for filling floatation devices.In WW2, the US investigated using milkweed as a substitute to outfit the Navy.It was found unsuitable.
18Here are two fruits, dry at maturity, and splitting along both sides of the fruit to shed seeds. This makes the fruits legumes. The examples shown are lentil (left) and redbud (below).
19Is this pistil simple or compound? stigmataPapaver orientale- oriental poppyovary wallWounding this fruit causes latex to bleed out. This is collected as raw opium. Morphine and codeine can be extracted from this. Heroin is synthesized by reactions with morphine as starting material.stamen and petal scarssepal
21Fragaria early fruit development shows clearly the carpels of the flower becoming the true fruit… stigmastylesuperiorovarytrue fruitreceptacleaccessory to fruit
22hypogynous flower chaff Caryopsis - grainNut!CypselaThe most important fruit on earth!oak, filbert(hazelnut), chestnutdaisy family!rice, corn, wheat, etc.scar of epigynous flowerscar of stylestigmastyleovary wallovary wallinferiorovary wallembryoinvolucrepedicel scarhypogynous flower chaffpedicel scar
23http://www. tropicamente Theobroma cacaoThe ground-up interior of the seeds is used to make chocolate (after mixing with sugar and milk solids)