7 Advances made by Greece & Rome forgotten Tribal WarfareNo central gov’tWeak local gov’tsDark Ages in W. EuropeFall of RomeCities disappearedMoney is no longer usedTrade collapsedAdvances made by Greece & Rome forgottenLiteracy declined
8 III. Germanic Tribes A. Farmers and herders 1. No written laws 2. Divided W. Europe into smallkingdoms
23 I. PoliticalA. Feudalism- A political system which exchanges land for military service.King gives lord (vassal) a fief (land). In exchange, the lord (vassal) gives the king his loyalty and protection when needed.Lords gradually became more powerful than kings as they acquired more land.
24 Feudalism King or lord Vassal or lord Required to give: -Fief (land) -loyalty-military service
25 B. SocialKings and Lords were at the top of the social hierarchy.
29 Feudal lords battled constantly for power and land By the 1100’s, fighting declined so lords held tournaments (fake battles) to entertain people.
30 Serfs- peasants who worked the lord’s land They could not leave without permissionThey paid the lord rent in food and labor (no $$) for use of the land and protection.
31 DON’T WRITE THIS! Role of Women Noblewomen managed the household and were in change when men were away.Rights:Received a limited inheritanceArranged marriages, expected to have many kidsFew knew how to read and writeChivalry raised women to a new status. They were protected and cherished.
32 C. EconomicManorialism- an economy where land, not money, is the basis of wealth
33 Manor- the lord’s estate including the town, peasant houses, church, and fields - It was self-sufficient, which led to a decline in trade
34 Three-field system- two fields planted, one left fallow (empty) to regain fertility
35 RememberEurope was isolated BUT, there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and China!