Presentation on theme: "Feudalism and the Manor System"— Presentation transcript:
1Feudalism and the Manor System Coach ParrishOMSChapter 14, Section 1
2KnightsKnight – soldier who received honor and land in exchange for serving his lord.Squire – knight – in – training. A squire becomes a knight when he completes his training and is presented his sword and shield.The squire would kneel as a sword tapped him on each shoulder. This process was called knighting.
3Middle AgesMiddle Ages – years between ancient and modern times. Occurred about 1000 years ago in Western Europe.The middle ages are often called the medieval period.
4Collapse of the Roman Empire The middle ages began with the collapse of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire had provided order to the region for about 500 years.The collapse of the Roman Empire caused Europe to divide into several small kingdoms.
5Charlemagne Reunites Western Europe One of the invading groups of the old Roman Empire were the Franks. They came from Gaul. In AD 768, Charlemagne became king of the Franks.He took over many small and weak kingdoms and eventually his kingdom stretched across all of Western Europe.
7Charlemagne Reunites Western Europe, cont. Charlemagne ruled his kingdom for 50 years, expanding education and the Christian religion. He built schools and improved the economy.After his death (814 AD), the empire was divided among his 3 sons. They fought each other for control of the region.
8Feudal SystemBecause of Viking invasions, the people of Europe needed a way to defend themselves. They came up with feudalism – land was owned by kings or lords but controlled by vassals in return for their loyalty.In medieval Europe, the landowners held power. They were called nobles or princes.
9Feudal DutiesThe main duty of a lord was to protect his land and the vassals that controlled it. If a vassal died, his children were cared for by the lord.Vassals were expected in return to fight and help protect the lord. Some vassals were knights who led men into battle.
12Manor SystemManorialism was the way medieval Europeans organized their economy. System was based on the manor – large estate that included farm fields, pastures, and the manor house.
13Lords and ManorsThe lord of the manor was typically a vassal of a king. The manor was part of his fief (plot of land). Most goods such as food and clothing were made on the manor.The lord depended on the manor for wealth. The lord ruled over the poor people who worked the land and also made and enforced laws. He also levied taxes against the peasants.
14Role of NoblewomenWomen of feudal society also had their role. They would visit other noble families for training. After training, she became lady of the household.A woman’s duties include supervising servants, performing medical tasks, and managing the house.
16Peasants and SerfsThe majority of the people of medieval Europe were peasants. They were poor people who made their living as farmers and laborers.They worked the manors’ fields and were allowed to farm a little strip of land for themselves to feed their families.
18Tied to the ManorMost peasants were also serfs. Serfs – peasants who were considered to be part of the manor. When a noble was given a fief, the serfs on the manor became his. The serfs could do nothing without the lord’s permission.Serfs became free if…they saved enough money to buy a plot of landthey escaped for a year and a day without being caught
19A Hard LifeMedieval peasants worked very hard. Men, women, and children were all required to work. Peasants lived in one room huts. For cooking, they built a fire on the dirt floor. They slept on straw mats on the floor.