10 1. Clovis1st King of the FranksAllied (supported) with the Roman Catholic Church
11 - In 732 CE, the Franks defeated the Muslims in Spain. 2. The Battle of Tours- In 732 CE, the Franks defeated the Muslims in Spain.DON’T WRITE THISThis could have changed European history! Christians did not want Islam to spread into Europe, even though they learned science and math from Arab Muslims.
12 C. Charlemagne (Charles the Great) 800 CE- king of theFranks2. Pope Leo III namedhim Roman Emperor
28 By the 1100’s, fighting declined so lords held tournaments (fake battles) to entertain people.
29 Serfs- peasants who worked the lord’s land They couldn’t leave without permissionThey paid for the lord’s protection in food and labor (no $$).
30 DON’T WRITE THIS! Role of Women Noblewomen managed the household and were in change when men were away.Rights:Received a limited inheritanceArranged marriages, expected to have many kidsFew knew how to read and writeChivalry raised women to a new status. They were protected and cherished.
31 III. EconomicManorialism- an economy where land, not money, is the basis of wealth
32 Manor- the lord’s estate including the town, peasant houses, church, and fields - It was self-sufficient, which slowed trade
33 Three-field system- two fields planted, one left fallow (empty) to regain fertility
34 RememberEurope was isolated BUT, there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and China!