Presentation on theme: "Unit C: Body Systems Specific Objectives:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit C: Body Systems Specific Objectives: Analyze the relationship of tissues, organs, and body systems.Explain the structural units of the body.Analyze body tissues and membranes.
2 Body Systems ANATOMY – study of the parts of the body PHYSIOLOGY – function of the bodyGROSS- LARGEMICROSCOPIC- smallCYTOLOGY- cellHISTOLOGY- tissueDEVELOPMENTAL- birth to deathSYSTEMIC- what we will do..example: skeletal,COMPARATIVE- cat to a human
3 ANATOMICAL POSITION –standing erect with face forward, arms at the side, palms forward
4 Location,position,direction… ANTERIOR or VENTRAL – front or in front ofPOSTERIOR or DORSAL – back or in back of
5 CRANIAL – refers to the head of the body CAUDAL – means tail endSUPERIOR – upper or above somethingINFERIOR – lower or below something
6 MEDIAL – toward the middle LATERAL – toward the side of the bodyPROXIMAL – toward the point of attachment to the body or the trunk of the bodyDISTAL – away from the point of attachment to the body
7 SUPERFICIAL (EXTERNAL) – near the surface or outside the body DEEP (INTERNAL) – inside the body
18 AssignmentDo top portion of Anatomical Terms Worksheet
19 Cavities of the Body Anterior Dorsal Cranial Spinal Thoracic Abdominopelvic
20 Cavities of the BodyDORSAL( back) CAVITY – contains brain and spinal cord – the brain is in the CRANIAL CAVITY and the spinal cord is in the SPINAL CAVITY.
21 Body CavitiesANTERIOR or VENTRAL CAVITY contains the THORACIC and ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITIESThe thoracic cavity contains the lungs and heartABDOMINAL CAVITY contains stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder and pancreasPELVIC CAVITY contains urinary bladder and reproductive organs
23 AssignmentComplete “F”Mid portion and 1-2 on Anatomical Terms W/S
24 Bell/paydayText page 11Apply practice to theory1 a-h
25 Small group activity1) stay in your group. This is for a grade NOT your social time. NO cell phones.2) Outline one person on the large paper3) Identify and record right and left4) each team member is to draw one organ…brain, heart, liver, lungs, bladder, stomach, intestines. Should show at least 5 diff. organs5) label the cavities and place organ(s) in correct cavity
26 Bell Draw a Tic Tac Tow grid You may want to know this! Grades weighted as follows:Class work 25Homework 15Projects/Participation 25Quizes 10Test 25Remember, final exam (vo-cats) 25%Draw a Tic Tac Tow grid
30 Bell Create a quiz… 2nd column of the wordroots Must include at least 15 wordrootsMatching (side near computers)Mult choice (middle)Fill-in-blank (side near sink)Remember KEY!Quiz on Wed
31 Classroom Work To be completed on your own No talking No cell phones Please do not write in the bookWorkbook page 3 C 1-5Page 6 E matching
32 Bell…Choose (3) three word roots related to a part of the body. Add different prefixes and/ or suffixes to the word root to create at least three different terms.You should end up with 9 new words!
33 Bellringer/payday Using the papers on your desks Without you book Use a pencil to….Complete the labeling using directions, regions. cavities.After you have completed both sides get your books out and make any corrections!
34 Bell… Make sure Workbook page 3 C 1-5 and Page 6 E matching is completePut your first and last name on this assignment and turn in (slide in blue binder)NEW assignment: Complete “what doesn’t belong”
35 BellComplete ‘Apply Practice to Theory’, at the end of chapter one. Complete 1-3
36 You be the surgeon Open your rice crispy treat Tear apart into three piecesCreate a snowman-type personDetermine which side is Dorsal vs. ventral…put on his/her M&M belly button and eyes…what cavity was the eye?What region belly button?Show me anterior/ventralMake sure : Anatomical Position
37 You be the surgeon, cont. Male a cut along the frontal plane Make a vertical cut, at right angles to the sagital plane ½ way in to the bodyCut across the transverse planeMake an incision in the hypo gastric regionMake an incision in the RLQ (appendectomy)Perform a thoracotomy
38 Suffixes Class devides in ½ Write meaning on one side and the suffix on the other (thru malacia)Spread suffix side up one tableWe will stand in line and race to put on table/boardQuiz to follow!
39 Bell Look around, your seat may have changed! Quietly study you list of suffixesQuiz in a moment
40 Life Functions…are the necessary activities to help living organs grow and function. They include movement, ingestion, digestion, transport, respiration, synthesis, assimilation, growth, secretion, excretion, regulation and reproduction. (see pg 6 table 1.1)
41 What is necessary to keep us alive and functioning? TissuesSpecialized cells grouped according to function, shape, size and structure.When grouped together they form….OrgansLarger and functional units of tissues.When organs are grouped together to perform a function that are known as an Organ SystemSee pg 63
42 Metabolism-the functional activities of cells that result in growth, repair and release of energy. 2 Processes…2) Catabolism- the breakdown of the breaking down and changing of complex substances into simpler ones with the release of energy and CO2.1) anabolism- the build up of complex materials from simpler ones, such as food and oxygen.
43 HomeostasisThe proper function and maintenance of the body depends upon a number of activities. The body must constantly respond to changes in the environment. The maintenance of such internal environmental conditions is known as_____.
44 Bell Create a Quiz from suffixes a-malacia >>>>>You choose which type(just remember BE Different…most likely will choose yours)
45 Bell/payday From medical terms packet…. Complete worksheet called Medical Terms Identification
46 TissuesTISSUES – cells grouped because they are similar in shape, size, structure, and function
47 EPITHELIAL TISSUE– protects the body by covering internal and external surfaces, and produces secretionEpithelial tissue comprises an uninterrupted layer of cells. Epithelium covers nearly all external and internal body surfaces. p56Squamous-flat irreg. Lines…Cuboidal-cubed shape. Lines…columnar cells (A) -elongated. Lines…Glandular-Secretions such as milk hormones, dig. juices
48 CONNECTIVE TISSUE – supports and connects organs and tissue These tissues are responsible for cushioning, supporting and maintaining form within the body and include adipose, cartilage, bone, tendons and ligamentsVascular
49 ADIPOSE TISSUE– type of connective tissue that stores fat cells
50 connective tissueLIGAMENTS – strong, flexible bands of connective tissue that hold bones firmly together at the jointsTENDONS – white bands of connective tissue attaching skeletal muscle to boneCARTILAGE – firm, flexible support of the embryonic skeleton and part of the adult skeletonBONE- skeleton. Supports tissues and organs.VSCULAR-liquids blood tissue (Example RBC)
51 MUSCLE TISSUE – has the ability to contract and move the body Muscle is an excitable tissue, meaning that it can be stimulated mechanically, chemically or electrically to produce an action potentialSmooth, skeletal ,or cardiacVol vs. Invol
52 NERVOUS TISSUE – cells that react to stimuli and conduct an impulse Neurons are highly specialized cells that generate and transmit electrical impulses (action potentials) permitting rapid communication between distant areas of the body.
54 Tissues Muscle Smooth Cardiac Skeletal Connective Hard – Cartilage, BonesSoft – Adipose, Ligaments, TendonsEpithelialSkinMembranes – Mucous and SerousNerveNeuron
55 Getting Complicated Complete each answer Hint: 1-9 look on pages (# 2 is sperm)Hint: look at chart on page 64.
56 Bell/Payday… List the four types of Tissues Give one example of each type
57 Bell List the 4 types of tissue Using NC Health Careers book Explore Cytologist Technologist/Technician OR Histologic TechnologistBrief description of what they doHow much education?TechnologistTechnician-Where can you go to school?Who provides your certification?-What is the work environment?How much $ can you make?
58 MEMBRANES –formed by putting two thin layers of tissue together, cells may secrete a fluidMembranes are vital because they separate the cell from the outside world. They also separate compartments inside the cell to protect important processes and events.
59 Epithelial Membranes: 2 classes MUCOUS MEMBRANES– lines digestive, respiratory, reproductive and urinary systems – produces mucous to lubricate and protect the liningThey line various body cavities that are exposed to the external environment and internal organs.Serous– double-walled membrane - produces a watery fluid (Serous fluid) lines closed body cavitiesthe outer part of the membrane that lines the cavity is the PARIETAL membranethe part that covers the organs is the VISCERAL membrane.Pleural, Pericardial, Peritoneal
60 PERICARDIAL MEMBRANE – lines the heart cavity and protects the heart Serous Membranes…PLEURAL MEMBRANE – lines thoracic or chest cavity and protects the lungsPERICARDIAL MEMBRANE – lines the heart cavity and protects the heartPERITONEAL MEMBRANE – lines the abdominal cavity and protects abdominal organs
61 Connective MembranesAre made of two layers of connective tissue. Synovial membrane-Lines the joint cavity and prevents friction in joints.
62 Primary takes place in clean wound where infection is not present. Tissue Repair!Repair of damaged tissue occurs continually.Two typesPrimary takes place in clean wound where infection is not present.Secondary larger and deeper wounds. Takes place by granulation.Cicatrix –Scar tissue
64 Bellringer/Payday Finish “Sorting Out Systems” Text pg 63/68……… Complete ‘Completion’ 1-5Pairs that did not present yesterday…be ready!
65 Skin Recipe These items are needed…. 30 small clear cups_________ 1 box of corn puffs_________2 large bags of M& M’s____/____2 large boxes of Chocolate pudding_____/______1 box of corn flakes____________2 large bags of licorice sticks_____/______Grapes___________Whipped Topping (3) Ms. HefnerSpoons ( 30)__________________Plates (30)_____________________
66 VideoThe Inside Story with Slim Goodbody: The Body Symphony: The Inside Story of Your Whole Body(united Streaming)
67 Organs and Systems ORGAN SYSTEM – a group of organs which act together to perform a specific, related functionIntegumentary-Bryan/JordanSkeletal-Brittany/SarahMuscular-Sterling/SakiquioaDigestive-Samatha/TiaRespiratory-Serria/ChealseaCirculatory-Xineia/KylieExcretory-Olivia/TiffanyNervous-Houa/CameronEndocrine-Mitchell/TaraReproductive-Madalyn/MalorieHematology-Megan/EmilyLymphatic-Sensory-Urinary-Stephanie*Functions * Organs
68 Bell Create a quiz for remaining Suffixes Computer side T/F Middle Mult Choice or Fill in the blankSink side matching
69 Getting Complicated… Finish the Worksheet CC of Multiple choice questionsSilently! Look up answers in the text/notes. Do NOT WRITE ON THESE!!!!Test tomorrow!10) is C
70 BellWorkbook page 44Applying practice to theory1 a-e and 2
71 Bellringer…. Text page 67-68 Review questions and completion (do not write in textbook!)
72 Bellringer Get out your Homework Assignment Complete Get Organ-ized Make 2 strips of paper: Write True on one False on the other…should be large enough to be seen across the room