Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1 POWERPOINT REVIEW. Anatomy is A.the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts. B.the study of how the body and its parts function."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 1 POWERPOINT REVIEW
Anatomy is A.the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts. B.the study of how the body and its parts function. C.the study of the body and its interaction with the environment. D.All of the above are correct answers.
Physiology is A. the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts. B. the study of how the body and its parts function. C. the study of the body and its interaction with the environment. D. All of the above are correct answers..
Which system regulates the water-salt balance of the blood? A.The lymphatic system. B.The endocrine system. C.The urinary system. D.The cardiovascular system.
Organ systems are NOT described as which of these statements? A.They function together to ensure wellness of the organism B.They are groups of organs with a common function. C.They can share organs with other systems. D.They act independently of each other.
The passing of blood through the body is part of which body function? A. Growth. B.Metabolism. C.Responsiveness. D. Movement.
The simplest level of organization on the "structural ladder" is the: A. tissue level. B. organ level. C. cellular level. D.chemical level.
Which of the following systems is involved in maintaining the boundaries of the body so that the inside remains distinct from the outside? A. Respiratory. B.Lymphatic. C.Integumentary. D.Endocrine.
Metabolism is best described as: A.the ability to transform substances into energy for the body. B.the sum of the chemical reactions that occur in the body. C.how the human body uses the food we eat. D.how fast the body uses energy.
The ability of the body to maintain a relatively stable internal condition under changing external conditions is defined as: A.negative feedback. B.positive feedback. C.homeostasis. D.hematopoiesis
The thymus gland is part of which of the following? A.The cardiovascular system. B.The reproductive system. C.The endocrine system. D.The lymphatic system.
Which of the following statements is/are FALSE? A.The arms are medial to the chest. B.The breastbone (sternum) is anterior to the spine. C.The navel is deep to the breastbone (sternum). D.Both A and C
The correct anatomical position does NOT include which of the following positions? A.Palms facing backwards. B.Standing erect. C.Hands at the sides, and feet parallel. D.Head facing forward.
The dorsal body cavity is divided into two subdivisions. They are A.the thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity. B.the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity. C.the cranial cavity and the thoracic cavity. D.None of the above.
Which of the following planes would separate the cranial cavity from the thoracic cavity? A.Median (midsagittal) plane. B.Transverse plane. C.Frontal (coronal) plane. D.Sagittal plane.
When standing in the correct anatomical position, the feet are ________ to the knees. A.medial B.distal C.proximal D.lateral
A group of cells of the same type form a(n): A.organ. B.organism. C.atom. D. tissue. E.organ system.
A group of tissues working together for a specific function form a(n): A.organ. B.organism. C.positive feedback system. D.organ system. E.organelle.
The anatomical term meaning away from the midline is A.distal. B.inferior. C.lateral. D.medial. E.proximal.
The anatomical term meaning close to the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk is: A.distal. B.inferior. C.lateral. D.medial. E.proximal.
The anatomical term meaning toward the lower part of a structure is A.distal. B.inferior. C.lateral. D.medial. E.anterior.
The anatomical term meaning toward the midline of the body is A.distal. B.inferior. C.lateral. D.medial. E.anterior
Which body system is most closely associated with the support and protection of the body organs? A.Endocrine. B.Integumentary. C.Lymphatic. D.Nervous. E.Skeletal.
Which body system is most closely associated with transport and delivery? A.Cardiovascular. B.Integumentary. C.Nervous. D.Reproductive. E.Respiratory
Which of the following best illustrates the increasing levels of complexity? (1) Cells; (2) Organs; (3) Chemical; (4) Organism; (5) Tissues; (6) Organ systems A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. B.2, 4, 3, 5, 1, 6. C.4, 3, 5, 6, 1, 2. D.3, 1, 5, 2, 6, 4. E.1, 5, 3, 2, 6, 4.
A transverse plane divides the body into _______ segments. A.equal right and left B.right and left anterior and posterior C.superior and inferior D.both right and left and anterior and posterior segments
The cheeks are ____ to the tongue. A.proximal B.lateral C.medial D.inferior E.dorsal
Which of the following statements regarding feedback mechanisms is/are FALSE? A.Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus and to push the variable farther from its original value. B.In negative feedback mechanisms, the net effect of the responses to the stimulus is to shut off the original stimulus or reduce its intensity. C.Positive feedback mechanisms control infrequent events that occur "explosively." D.Blood clotting is an example of a typical negative feedback mechanism.
When the body is subject to physical trauma, such as in an automobile accident, which organs are the most vulnerable to injury (homeostatic imbalance)? A.Abdominal organs in the abdominal cavity. B.Pelvic organs in the abdominopelvic cavity. C.Heart and lungs in the thoracic cavity. D.The brain in the cranial cavity. E.The spinal cord within the spinal cavity.
The axillary region is in the: A.back of the knee. B.mouth. C.armpit. D.shoulder. E.knee.
Which of the following is NOT an anterior body landmark? A.Coxal. B.Crural. C.Buccal. D.Olecranal. E.Acromial.
If you wish to make a drawing of a section through the human body that showed the heart and both of the lungs, your section could be in which of the following planes? (1) Frontal (coronal); (2) Transverse; (3) Sagittal A.1 only. B.2 only. C.3 only. D.1 and 2. E.2 and 3.
The right and left _______ regions flank the epigastric region and contain the lower ribs. A.epigastric B.hypochondriac C.iliac D.lumbar E.hypogastric
The thoracic body cavity: A.is made up of the cranial and spinal cavities. B.is made up of two subcavities. C.is the superior cavity in the ventral cavity. D.is the dorsal cavity. E.is posterior to the dorsal body cavity.
Which of the following is NOT a necessary life function? A.Maintaining boundaries. B.Movement. C.Thinking. D.Responsiveness. E.Reproduction.
Which of the following is NOT true of the skeletal system? A.The skeletal system consists of bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joints. B.Bones are not necessary for efficient movement. C.The skeletal system has a protective function. D.Hematopoiesis (formation of blood cells) occurs within the cavities of the skeleton. E.The hard substance of bones acts as a storehouse for minerals.