2Anatomy isthe study of the structure and shape of the bodyand its parts.the study of how the body and its parts function.the study of the body and its interaction with the environment.All of the above are correct answers.
3Physiology is A. the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts.B. the study of how the body and its parts function.C. the study of the body and its interaction with the environment.D. All of the above are correct answers..
4Which system regulates the water-salt balance of the blood? The lymphatic system. The endocrine system. The urinary system. The cardiovascular system.
5Organ systems are NOT described as which of these statements? They function together to ensure wellness of the organismThey are groups of organs with a common function.They can share organs with other systems.They act independently of each other.
6The passing of blood through the body is part of which body function? A. Growth. Metabolism. Responsiveness. Movement.
7The simplest level of organization on the "structural ladder" is the: tissue level. organ level. cellular level. chemical level.
8Which of the following systems is involved in maintaining the boundaries of the body so that the inside remains distinct from the outside? A. Respiratory.Lymphatic.Integumentary.Endocrine.
9Metabolism is best described as: the ability to transform substances into energy for the body.the sum of the chemical reactions that occur in the body.how the human body uses the food we eat.how fast the body uses energy.
10The ability of the body to maintain a relatively stable internal condition under changing external conditions is defined as: negative feedback.positive feedback.homeostasis.hematopoiesis
11The thymus gland is part of which of the following? The cardiovascular system. The reproductive system. The endocrine system. The lymphatic system.
12Which of the following statements is/are FALSE? The arms are medial to the chest.The breastbone (sternum) is anterior to the spine.The navel is deep to the breastbone (sternum).Both A and C
13The correct anatomical position does NOT include which of the following positions? Palms facing backwards.Standing erect.Hands at the sides, and feet parallel.Head facing forward.
14The dorsal body cavity is divided into two subdivisions. They are the thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity.the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity.the cranial cavity and the thoracic cavity.None of the above.
15Which of the following planes would separate the cranial cavity from the thoracic cavity? Median (midsagittal) plane. Transverse plane. Frontal (coronal) plane. Sagittal plane.
16When standing in the correct anatomical position, the feet are ________ to the knees. medial distal proximal lateral
17A group of cells of the same type form a(n): organ.organism.atom.tissue.organ system.
18A group of tissues working together for a specific function form a(n): organ.organism.positive feedback system.organ system.organelle.
19The anatomical term meaning away from the midline is distal.inferior.lateral.medial.proximal.
20The anatomical term meaning close to the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk is: distal.inferior.lateral.medial.proximal.
21The anatomical term meaning toward the lower part of a structure is distal.inferior.lateral.medial.anterior.
22The anatomical term meaning toward the midline of the body is distal.inferior.lateral.medial.anterior
23Which body system is most closely associated with the support and protection of the body organs? Endocrine.Integumentary.Lymphatic.Nervous.Skeletal.
24Which body system is most closely associated with transport and delivery? Cardiovascular.Integumentary.Nervous.Reproductive.Respiratory
25Which of the following best illustrates the increasing levels of complexity? (1) Cells; (2) Organs; (3) Chemical; (4) Organism; (5) Tissues; (6) Organ systemsA. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.2, 4, 3, 5, 1, 6.4, 3, 5, 6, 1, 2.3, 1, 5, 2, 6, 4.1, 5, 3, 2, 6, 4.
26A transverse plane divides the body into _______ segments. equal right and leftright and left anterior and posteriorsuperior and inferiorboth right and left and anterior and posterior segments
27The cheeks are ____ to the tongue. proximallateralmedialinferiordorsal
28Which of the following statements regarding feedback mechanisms is/are FALSE? Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus and to push the variable farther from its original value.In negative feedback mechanisms, the net effect of the responses to the stimulus is to shut off the original stimulus or reduce its intensity.Positive feedback mechanisms control infrequent events that occur "explosively."Blood clotting is an example of a typical negative feedback mechanism.
29When the body is subject to physical trauma, such as in an automobile accident, which organs are the most vulnerable to injury (homeostatic imbalance)? Abdominal organs in the abdominal cavity.Pelvic organs in the abdominopelvic cavity.Heart and lungs in the thoracic cavity.The brain in the cranial cavity.The spinal cord within the spinal cavity.
30The axillary region is in the: back of the knee.mouth.armpit.shoulder.knee.
31Which of the following is NOT an anterior body landmark? Coxal.Crural.Buccal.Olecranal.Acromial.
32If you wish to make a drawing of a section through the human body that showed the heart and both of the lungs, your section could be in which of the following planes? (1) Frontal (coronal); (2) Transverse; (3) Sagittal 1 only.2 only.3 only.1 and 2.2 and 3.
33The right and left _______ regions flank the epigastric region and contain the lower ribs. hypochondriaciliaclumbarhypogastric
34The thoracic body cavity: is made up of the cranial and spinal cavities.is made up of two subcavities.is the superior cavity in the ventral cavity.is the dorsal cavity.is posterior to the dorsal body cavity.
35Which of the following is NOT a necessary life function? Maintaining boundaries.Movement.Thinking.Responsiveness.Reproduction.
36Which of the following is NOT true of the skeletal system? The skeletal system consists of bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joints.Bones are not necessary for efficient movement.The skeletal system has a protective function.Hematopoiesis (formation of blood cells) occurs within the cavities of the skeleton.The hard substance of bones acts as a storehouse for minerals.