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Essential Questions How is the human body organized? What are the structural components of the body? How does the body’s structural organization relate.

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Presentation on theme: "Essential Questions How is the human body organized? What are the structural components of the body? How does the body’s structural organization relate."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Essential Questions How is the human body organized? What are the structural components of the body? How does the body’s structural organization relate to its support and movement? 2 1.01 Remember structural organization

3 Composed of: 3 1.01 Remember structural organization

4 Types of tissues: Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Muscle tissue Nervous tissue 4 1.01 Remember structural organization

5 Epithelial Tissue protects the body by covering internal and external surfaces, and produces secretions Skin covers the outside of the body lines the inside of the body Membrane two thin layers of tissue that join together cells may secrete a fluid 5 1.01 Remember structural organization

6 6 Mucous Membranes: Lines surfaces & spaces that lead to the outside of the body Line respiratory, digestive, reproductive & urinary systems Serous Membranes: Double walled membrane that produces a watery fluid & lines closed body cavities (fluid is called serous fluid) Parietal Membrane: outer part that lines the cavity Visceral Membrane: covers the organs within the cavity 1.Examples of membranes a)Pleural: lines thoracic cavity & protects lungs b)Pericardial: lines heart cavity& protects heart c)Peritoneal: lines abdominal cavity & protects abdominal organs

7 1.01 Remember structural organization 7 Synovial Membranes: Lines joint cavities Secretes synovial fluid which prevents friction inside the joint cavity

8 1.01 Remember structural organization 8

9 Epithelial tissues Squamous Cuboidal Columnar Line heart, blood Line kidney, ovaries Have cilia, cover & lymphatic vessels & some secretory digestive & parts glands of respiratory tract Pg 56 &57 (Table 4-1) 9 1.01 Remember structural organization

10 Connective tissue supports and connects organs and tissue Adipose type of connective tissue that stores fat cells Cartilage firm, flexible support of the embryonic skeleton and part of the adult skeleton Tendons white bands of connective tissue attaching skeletal muscle to bone Ligaments strong, flexible bands of connective tissue that hold bones firmly together at the joints 10 1.01 Remember structural organization

11 Connective tissue Adipose FibrocartilageElastic cartilage 11 1.01 Remember structural organization

12 Muscle tissue contracts and moves a body part  Cardiac  striated, involuntary  contracts the heart  Skeletal  striated, voluntary  attached to the skeleton  Smooth nonstriated, involuntary provides movement in various body systems 12 1.01 Remember structural organization

13 Muscle tissue Cardiac Skeletal Smooth 13 1.01 Remember structural organization

14 Nervous tissue reacts to stimulation and conducts an impulse 14 1.01 Remember structural organization

15 Nervous tissue 15 1.01 Remember structural organization Neuron

16 16 1.01 Remember structural organization

17 17 1.01 Remember structural organization

18 18 1.01 Remember structural organization

19 19 1.01 Remember structural organization Click here to hear heartbeat

20 20 1.01 Remember structural organization

21 21 1.01 Remember structural organization

22 22 1.01 Remember structural organization

23 23 1.01 Remember structural organization

24 24 1.01 Remember structural organization

25 25 1.01 Remember structural organization The Tongue The Skin

26 26 1.01 Remember structural organization

27 27 1.01 Remember structural organization

28 28 1.01 Remember structural organization FemaleMale

29 29 1.01 Remember structural organization

30 30 1.01 Remember structural organization Anatomical position

31 31 1.01 Remember structural organization Anatomical position Discuss the importance of anatomical position.

32 32 1.01 Remember structural organization Directional terms

33 33 1.01 Remember structural organization Directional terms

34 34 1.01 Remember structural organization Directional terms

35 35 1.01 Remember structural organization Body planes

36 36 1.01 Remember structural organization Body cavities

37 37 1.01 Remember structural organization

38 38 1.01 Remember structural organization

39 Group Review

40 Essential Questions How is the human body organized? What are the structural components of the body? How does the body’s structural organization relate to its support and movement? 40 1.01 Remember structural organization


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