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Medical Terminology List 3 Chapter 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Medical Terminology List 3 Chapter 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medical Terminology List 3 Chapter 2

2 Organization of the Body

3 Cells Basic functional unit of the body

4 Tissue Groups of cells Working together
To perform a specialize function

5 Organ Composed to 2 or more different types of tissue
Specific function Usually recognizable shape

6 System Related organs Common function

7 Organism Collection of body systems
Make up the most complex level of life

8 Body Systems -11 Circulatory System Lymphatic (immune) system
Digestive system Endocrine system Reproductive system Muscular system Skeletal system Nervous system Respiratory system Integumentary system Urinary system

9 Acronym for 11 body systems
MURDERS LINC Muscular Urinary Reproductive Digestive Endocrine Respiratory Skeletal Lymphatic Integumentary Nervous Circulatory

10 Circulatory System Contains Function
Heart, Arteries; Veins; Capillaries; Blood; Spleen Function to deliver oxygenated blood to the body

11 Lymphatic (Immune) System
Contains Lymph nodes, white blood cells Function to remove infectious diseases and other pathogens from the human body

12 Digestive System Contains Function
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Pancreas, Liver, Gallbladder, Intestines Function To convert food particles into simpler, molecules that can be absorbed into the bloodstream and used by the body

13 Endocrine System Contains: Glands hypothalamus pituitary gland thyroid
parathyroid adrenal glands pancreas testes ovaries

14 Endocrine System Function
to control growth, development, metabolism and reproduction through the production and secretion of hormones

15 Reproductive System Contains Function Female: Ovaries, uterus, vagina
Male: Testis, penis, prostate Function Allows for the continuation of the human species

16 Muscular System Contains Function Muscles
works with the skeletal and nervous system to produce movement

17 Skeletal System Contains Function Bones
Femur, humerus, radius and ulna, cranium, fibula and tibia, vertebrae, pelvic bone, phalanges Function to provide structure and support to the body

18 Nervous System Contains Function Brain, spinal cord, nerves
to coordinate the body’s response to changes in its internal and external environment

19 Respiratory System Contains Function
Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, alveoli, lungs, diaphragm Function to provide the body with a oxygen and remove carbon dioxide

20 Integumentary System Contains Function Skin
protection to the underlying layers body temperature regulation nerves that respond to temperature, touch, pressure, and pain

21 Urinary System Contains Function Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
Remove waste products from the body Keep fluid and electrolyte levels normal

22 Body Cavities Cranial Thoracic Abdominal Pelvic Spinal Pleura

23 Cranial Cavity Location Contains Surrounded by the skull, in the head
Brain, meninges

24 Thoracic Cavity Location Contains Chest area Surrounded by the ribs
Lung, heart, trachea

25 Abdominal Cavity Location Contains
Below the thoracic cavity and above the pelvic cavity Contains Digestive organs Stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, intestines kidney

26 Pelvic Cavity Location Contains Below the abdominal cavity,
Surrounded by the pelvis Contains Reproductive organs, urinary bladder, rectum

27 Spinal Cavity Location Contains Space surrounded by the spinal column
Spinal cord

28 Pleura Cavity Location Contains Pleura surrounds the lungs
Cavity is the space between the pleura and the lungs Contains Pleural fluid

29 Diaphragm Location Contains
The muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity Contains Muscle that aids in respiration

30 Mediastinum Location Contains Large space between the lungs
Heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchi

31 What cavity is it?

32 Body Planes How to cut the body into pieces!

33 Sagittal AKA: Vertically divides the body right half and left half.
Lateral Vertically divides the body right half and left half. Midsagittal Divides the body through the midline

34 Transverse AKA Axial Horizontally divides the body into superior and inferior portions

35 Coronal AKA Divides the body front to back
Frontal Divides the body front to back Into anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) portions.

36 Directions Movements of the body!

37 Adduction Movement towards the midline of the body

38 Abduction Movement away from the midline of the body

39 Superior AKA Cephalic Cranial Above or higher; toward the head

40 Inferior AKA Caudal Below or lower, toward the tail

41 Anterior AKA Ventral Front of the body, toward the front

42 Posterior AKA Dorsal Back of the body; toward the back

43 Medial Pertaining to the middle; toward the midline

44 Lateral Pertaining to the side; toward the side

45 External Outside, exterior to

46 Internal Within, interior to

47 Superficial Toward or on the surface

48 Deep Away from the surface

49 Proximal Near the point of attachment to the trunk or a structure

50 Distal Farther from the point of attachment to the trunk or a structure

51 Parietal Pertaining to the outer wall of a cavity

52 Visceral Pertaining to the organs within a cavity Parietal pericardium
2. Visceral pericardium 3. Parietal pleura 4. Visceral pleura 5. Parietal peritoneum 6. Visceral peritoneum 7. Parietal peritoneum 8. Visceral peritonem

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