Get to know… Nutrition – science of how the body uses food Diet – everything you eat and drink Nutrients – substances in food
Carbohydrates Primary source of energy – Provides energy for muscles, nerves and brain 2 TYPES OF CARBOHYDRATES 1.Complex – provide calories and other nutrients 1.“Starches” – breads, noodles, grains, cereals, potatoes, nuts, seeds, dried beans, lentils, peas, vegetables, and some fruits Simple – provides calories, but not much else all types of sugars and ‘natural’ sugars in honey, corn and some fruits – biggest offenders of weight gain.
What does that really mean? Calories – The amount of fuel provided in a food. Any fuel not burned after eating is placed in storage. Serving Size- A balance and healthy portion determined by the USDA Daily Percentages- Healthy proportions of individual food companies
6 Essential Nutrients Carbohydrates Proteins Fats Minerals Vitamins Water
Proteins Essential for body growth and repair of body cells, fight infection and make blood strong Sources: – Fish – Meat – Chicken – Egg – Milk – Beans
Fats Provides energy and ‘fatty acids,’ and helps in digestion. Too much fat can be harmful. 4 TYPES OF FATS 1.Saturated Fats- raise cholesterol levels, causing heart disease. 2.Trans Fats- lower HDL – good cholesterol 3.Monounsaturated Fats 4.Polyunsaturated Fats 1.Mono and poly fats help to lower bad cholesterol, decreasing the risk of heart disease 1.www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Gqo3Y6WFYAwww.youtube.com/watch?v=3Gqo3Y6WFYA
Minerals Build bones, teeth, blood, and helps the body use energy. Combine important ways in the body, like Calcium in our bones. They help regulate body functions. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LkHH8qvk 4ac http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LkHH8qvk 4ac
Vitamins www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iS8h0J_Ows Essential for growth and health. Their main function is to facilitate and regulate body processes. 2 MAIN GROUPS 1.Fat Soluble: absorbed along with fats and can be stored in the body. They include Vitamin A,D,E, and K. 2.Water Soluble: include the B-complex vitamin and Vitamin C.
Water Transports other nutrients to cells, carries wastes away, aids digestion and more. It makes up more than half your weight. – www.youtube.com/watch?v=goBmkTL6rzc www.youtube.com/watch?v=goBmkTL6rzc Works to keep muscles and skin toned Aids in weight loss Transports oxygen and nutrients to cells Eliminates toxins and waste from the body Regulates body temperature.