2 Nutrition Objectives: SOL's: 9.1a, 9.1b, 9.1d, 9.1f, 9.2a,9.2b, The students will learn about the 6 essential nutrients.The students will learn the importance of the 6 nutrients and what they do for you.The students will learn about cholesterol and what it does to your body.SOL's: 9.1a, 9.1b, 9.1d, 9.1f, 9.2a,9.2b,9.2c, 9.3c, 9.4a, 9.4b, 9.5a
3 6 Essential Nutrients Carbohydrates Proteins Water Fats Vitamins MineralsThe 6 Essential Nutrients are like a puzzle in that collectively/together/in one piece they keep the body running smoothly and full of energy!Nutrients covered today: Carbohydrates, proteins, water and fats3
4 Carbohydrates What are carbohydrates? They are sugars and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly in plantsGives energy quickly and can be stored for later energyHALF to two-thirds of your daily energy should come from carbsTwo kinds of carbs:Simple (sugars-natural & unnatural)Example: fruits, milk, some vegetablesComplex (include grains)Examples: rice, pasta, potatoes (TIP: try to choose WHOLE grained carbohydrates: brown rice, wheat bread, oatmeal)BRIEF ACTIVITY: Write a few foods that you eat that you think are carbohydrates- write an S or C next to them to determine whether they are complex or simple.OR teacher has examples of carbohydrates and has students identify on their notes if it is simple or complex4
5 FIBER: A SPECIAL Complex Carbohydrate What is so special about fiber?It is the part of fruit, vegetables, grains, and beans that your body cannot digest.Special complex carbohydrateWhat does fiber DO?FIBER = A BROOMAs it passes through the digestive system, fiber pushes other food particles alongSO it prevents certain types of cancerWhat is a benefit of fiber? Cleans intestine- keeps things movingPictures of intestines that lack fiber5
6 Proteins What is a protein? These are nutrients your body uses to build, repair, and maintain cells and tissues.Foods with protein:Beef, pork, veal, fish, poultry (chicken), eggs and most dairy productsPuzzle Piece #2:Checking for understanding: What are proteins?6
7 Water Why is water important? Helps you digest and absorb food Regulates body temperature and blood circulationCarries nutrients and oxygen to cellsRemoves toxins and wastes from the bodyProtects organs and joints by cushioning themIf we don’t have water? fatigue, confusion, inability to focusHow much water should I drink? 8, 8 oz glasses a day or more depending on activity!Puzzle Piece 3: WaterREVIEW the material so far: What nutrients have we talked about so far? What is nutrition as a whole? (the study of what you body needs- nutrients)7
8 FatsWhy do we need fat?Fat promotes healthy skin, normal cell growth and carry vitamins to where they are needed in your body!CFU: What are proteins?8
9 Types of Fat? Saturated Fats Unsaturated Fats These are solid at room temperatureExamples: Butter, cheese, fatty meatsToo much of this type can increase your risk of heart diseaseUnsaturated FatsFats that remain liquid at room temperatureExamples: olive oil, nuts, avocadosMost of the fat in your diet should come from unsaturated!
10 Name-That-Nutrient-Frenzy Game! Directions:Each person will come to the board and place one of the terms or phrases under the correct nutrient that it pertains to.The answer will be revealed on a slide at the endHow many can we get right?
11 Name-That-Nutrient-Frenzy Game! Lean meatCan be stored for later useButterNutsOlive oilFishWhole Grains (oatmeal, cereal)Canola oilPromotes healthy skin & normal cell growthEggsHelps your body growSeedsSaturated & UnsaturatedDry BeansFatty meatsGives you quick energyVegetable oilLow-fat skim milkFruit (kiwi, pineapple, papaya)CheesePoultryBuilds / repairs musclesFish
13 Name-That-Nutrient-Frenzy Game! Fats (continued)UNHEALTHY FATS:ButterCheeseFatty meatsCarbohydratesGives your energyquicklyCan be stored forlater useWhole grains (oatmeal,cereals)Fruit (kiwi, pineapple,papaya, star fruit)Root vegetablesREVIEW: Who got the categories correct? Review the game cards13
14 Cholesterol What is cholesterol? Fatty substance found in the blood Too much can cause plaque to build up in the arteriesTwo types of cholesterol: HDL & LDLHDL: healthy, LOWERS the plaque in your arteriesLDL INCREASES plaque in your arteries (higher in saturated fats)
15 How many carbohydrates? Take a look!How much…Total fat?Saturated?Cholesterol?How many carbohydrates?Review: how do I determine if a food item has good cholesterol (hdl) or bad (ldl)? UNSATURATED foods (avocados, types of nuts, olive oil)Give students a few seconds to complete the slide (how much total fat is in a/b saturated fat (a/b) etc. and the discuss the items15
16 Review What is nutrition? What are the 6 essential nutrients? What is the nutrient that builds and repairs muscle tissue?What is the name of healthy fat?What is an example of a food with fiber?What is cholesterol?Why do we need carbohydrates?Remind of toolbox analogy: to repair and maintain the bodyPuzzle: together the 6 nutrients help maintain the body’s health16
17 Classwork #3 Complete the Nutrition crossword Complete the Nutrition word search.