Presentation on theme: "Building a Nutritious Diet"— Presentation transcript:
1 Building a Nutritious Diet 2.2Building a Nutritious Diet
2 Learning Targets What does the word DIET mean? What influences the choices people make?Name the 6 types of Nutrients?
3 DIET What do you think of when you hear the word DIET? DIET- The food and drink we regularly choose to consume.What kind of diet do you follow?Weight Loss???School Lunches / Choices???
4 FOOD FOR LIFENUTRITION- Eating foods the body needs to grow, develop, and work properly.Food / Air / Water are life’s basic needs.You make food choices everyday, good nutrition can have a powerful impact on your overall health and well being!
5 Factors that Influence our Diet 1. Geography2. Family3. Cultural Background4. Convenience5. Cost6. Advertising7. Friends8. Personal Taste
6 SIX TYPES OF NUTRIENTS Carbohydrates/ Carbs. Proteins Vitamins MineralsFats/ LipidsWater
7 CARBOHYDRATES CARBOHYDRATES The starches and sugars that provide the body with most of its energy. Great source of fiber.2 types of CARBS.1. Simple2. Complex
9 COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES found in starchy foods, breads, cereals, dry beans, potatoes, peas, corn and beets
10 PROTEINSPROTEINSNeeded to build, repair, and maintain body cells and tissues (particularly muscle).Secondary energy source – to carbohydratesEspecially important during growth periods (childhood, adolescence, …).Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, cheese, nuts, and dry beans are sources of Protein.Made up of AMINO ACIDS
11 AMINO ACIDS 22 Amino Acids Your body can make 13 of them. The other 9 are called ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS, and they must come from the food you eat.Complete Proteins come from animal sources and contain all 9 essential amino acids.Incomplete Proteins come from plant sources and lack at least 1 essential amino acid.Vegetarians can combine plant foods to make complete protein, like beans and rice.
12 VITAMINSVITAMINSSubstances needed in small quantities that help regulate body functions.2 Groups of VitaminsWater – solubleVitamin C & BFat – solubleVitamin A D E & K
13 VITAMINS Water – soluble Fat – soluble Can NOT be stored in the body Must be included in your dietFat – solubleCan be stored in the body until needed.Since Vitamins can not be made by the body, they must be provided by your diet.Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole-grain breads, cereal products, and milk are rich sources of Vitamins.
14 MINERALSMINERALSElements needed in small quantities for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regulation of daily elimination.Whole grains, fruit, peas, spinach, raisins, and milk are good sources of minerals.
15 VITAMINS & MINERALS Vitamin A Carrots, eggs Healthy skin Vitamin C Oranges, tomatoesMuscles, heart function wellVitamin DMilk, fishBones, teethVitamin KSpinach, cerealHelps blood clotCalciumMilk, cheeseFluorideFish, water(?)IronRed meat, nutsHemoglobin in red blood cellsPotassiumOranges, bananasReg. Water balance (tiss.)
16 FATSFATSA third source of energy and are essential for vital body functions.Insulate bodyCushion organsCarry fat – soluble vitaminsPromote healthy skin and normal growth
17 SATURATED FATS Fats found in meats and dairy products Eating to much Saturated fat can raise blood cholesterol levels, increasing the risk of heart disease.room temp.
18 UNSATURATED FATSFound mainly in vegetable oils, such as olive, corn, or canola oil, nuts and avocadosFats that remain room temp.
19 WATERMost common nutrientMakes up 60% of the body
20 WATER Carries nutrients through body Helps digestion Removes waste from bodyLubricates jointsKeeps body from overheating
21 HEALTHY DIET SUMMARY Balance of nutrients Too much fat may lead to heart diseaseToo little protein hinders growthYou need a variety of healthy foods to get all the nutrients!