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By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 Dr. Sun Yixian (1866 – 1925) (Dr. Sun Yat-sen)

3 Chinese Warlords, 1920s Yuan Shi-kai

4 China in 1924

5 Mao Zedong As a Young Revolutionary (Mao Tse-tung)

6 Mao With His Children, 1930s

7 Jiang Jieshi Becomes President of Nationalist China, 1928 (Chiang Kai-shek)


9 The Long March

10 Survivors of the March


12 Japanese Aggression, 1931 - 1945

13 Victims of the Japanese bombing of Shanghai.

14 Japanese Soldiers March into Nanking December 9, 1937

15 The Japanese Invasion, 1937

16 Remains of Chinese Children Bayoneted by Japanese Soldiers

17 Japanese Bayonet Practice

18 Beheadings Took Place in Public!

19 Chinese Prisoners Were Often Beheaded & Displayed

20 UNIT 731: Bio-Chemical Warfare

21 UNIT 731: Live Human Dissections


23 The Peoples Liberation Army, 1949

24 The Communist Victory

25 Taiwan: The Republic of China

26 Jiang Jieshu (1887- 1975) (Chiang Kai-shek)

27 Madame Jiang Jieshu

28 The Peoples Republic of China

29 Reasons for the Communists Success Mao won support of peasants – land Mao won support of women Maos army used guerilla war tactics Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt Many felt that the Nationalists allowed foreigners to dominate China.


31 Great Leap Forward, 1958 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry Communes e Groups of people who live and work together e Property held in common e Had production quotas Failed due to poor quality of products, poor weather hurt agriculture

32 Communist China Under Mao Industrialized China Increased literacy Class privileges ended Rural Chinese received health care One-party dictatorship Denied people basic rights and freedoms --> Inner Mongolia, Tibet

33 Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lama in Beijing, 1954 Tibet --> an autonomous area. Dalai Lama fled in the late 1950s to India.


35 A Campaign Against the FOUR OLDS Old Thoughts Old Culture Old Customs Old Habits To Rebel Is Good!

36 Communist China Under Mao Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society Mao wanted to put intellectuals in their place Schools shut down – students revolted Red Guards – students who attacked professors, government officials, factory managers

37 A Red Guard

38 Red Guards March to Canton

39 With regard to the great teacher Chairman Mao, cherish the word 'Loyalty'. With regard to the great Mao Zedong Thought, vigorously stress the word 'Usefullness'. (1968) Cult of Personality

40 The reddest, reddest, red sun in our heart, Chairman Mao, and us together Zhejiang Workers, Farmers and Soldiers Art Academy collective, 1968 Maos Little Red Book

41 Propaganda Poster

42 Go among the workers, peasants and soldiers, and into the thick of struggle! 1967-1972

43 Propaganda Poster



46 Ping-Pong Diplomacy: U. S. Players at Great Wall, 1971

47 Mao Meets President Nixon, 1972

48 Power Struggle Modernists Communist Traditionalists Zhou Enlai The Gang of Four: Jiang Qin, Chen Boda, Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan 1976


50 Deng Xiaoping (1905- 1997)

51 De-Maoization Agriculture Industry Science Defense Agriculture Industry Science Defense The 4 Modernizations Progress in: Class struggle was no longer the central focus!

52 Gap Between Rich & Poor Deng: If you open a window, some flies naturally get in!

53 Tiananmen Square, 1989 More democracy!

54 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student activist, Wang Dan, Beijing University

55 Tiananmen Square, 1989 DemocracyOur Common Ideal!

56 Tiananmen Square, 1989 TheGoddess of Democracy

57 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Government Clamps Down

58 Tiananmen Square, 1989 One Lone Mans Protest

59 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Massacre: The Peoples Army Moves In

60 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Massacre: A Human Body Crushed by an Army Tank

61 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Army Looks for Dissidents

62 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student Leaders Are Arrested

63 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Chinese Students Mourn the Dead

64 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Reestablishment of Order

65 Whats the Message Here?

66 Demography may be no surer predictor of destiny than trade data. But of the two momentous changes championed by Deng Xiaoping a quarter-century ago, coercive population controls and experiments with market economics, the jury is still out on which will do more to shape China's long-term potential.

67 Demography

68 There are too many retirees in China, and not enough young people to replace them.

69 Demography "The evidence is overwhelming that a large population of unmarried adult males is a risk factor for both crime and war," Ms. den Boer said in an interview. "The fact that China is an authoritarian country is another risk factor."

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