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The Cold War China.

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Presentation on theme: "The Cold War China."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cold War China

2 Nationalist vs. Communist
Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) Leader Mao Zedong Southern China Area Ruled Northern China United States Foreign Support USSR Stop Communism Domestic Policy National Liberation Weak due to failing Economy Public Support Strong due to peasant land reform Weak Leadership Military Experienced and Motivated

3 Chinese Civil War Jaing Jiesh (Chiang Kai-shek) led China in WWII
US assisted China in WWII therefore they Supported Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War

4 Chinese Civil War Mao and the communists tried to take power from the Nationalists and Chaing Kai-Shek.

5 Chinese Civil War Outcome: The Communist lead by Mao Zedong won,
giving the USSR a new ally in the Cold War. * The Nationalist were forced to flee to Taiwan. to Taiwan.

6 Mao Expands China Tibet: The Dalai Lama and Tibetans left for India
because the Communist would not allow their religion.

7 Mao Reforms China - Collective Farms communes more food
1. Great Leap Forward - Mao’s plan to increase industrial production in 5 years - Collective Farms communes more food * This failed leading to famine and 20 million deaths. 2. Cultural Revolution Mao’s plan to eliminate certain arts and education people only exposed to communism. *eliminate the old four: old ideas, old culture, old customs and old habits

8 Formation of the Red Guard
During the Cultural Revolution in ‘66 -Students leave School to Form “Red Guard” -Youth movement to further Mao’s C.R. -arrested “counter revolutionaries” -Disbanded in ‘68

9 Tiananmen Square -Mao dies in 1976 Deng Xiaoping becomes leader
-wanted to modernize China but did not bring about democracy -Protest by Chinese intellectuals demanding economic and democratic reform

10 V.S. The Korean War 1950-1953 In an effort to stop the spread of
communism post WWII Korea was divided Divided at the 38th Parallel. North: Communist (China) South: Anti Communist (US) V.S.

11 N. Korea (Financed by Stalin) With 90,000 troops invade South
Korea in 1950

12 The U.S. Responds by leading a UN
Military Force to push back the invasion

13 MacArthur leads UN Forces In Amphibious attack at the
Port of Inchon

14 They Push the North to the Yula River

15 180,000 Chinese Troops Save N. Korea

16 Stalemate at the 38th Parallel… Truman happy to call for a Cease Fire

17 TimeLine - North Korea advance to the South with Stalin’s help.
- The U.S. (Macarthur) helps South Korea advance in the North. - Macarthur wants to continue into China but is stopped by Truman. - China helps North Korea push South back to the 38th Parallel - War ends where it began (38th Parallel) and still exist today.

18 South Korea Received aid from the US Became democratic in 1987
Has become a prosperous country.

19 North Korea Leader: Kim Il Sung Established Collective Farms
Increased Industry Strengthened Military

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