2 Nationalist vs. Communist Jiang Jieshi(Chiang Kai-shek)LeaderMao ZedongSouthern ChinaArea RuledNorthern ChinaUnited StatesForeign SupportUSSRStop CommunismDomestic PolicyNational LiberationWeak due to failing EconomyPublic SupportStrong due to peasant land reformWeak LeadershipMilitaryExperienced and Motivated
3 Chinese Civil War Jaing Jiesh (Chiang Kai-shek) led China in WWII US assisted China in WWII therefore theySupported Chiang Kai-shek in the ChineseCivil War
4 Chinese Civil WarMao and the communists tried to take power from the Nationalists and Chaing Kai-Shek.
5 Chinese Civil War Outcome: The Communist lead by Mao Zedong won, giving the USSR a new ally in theCold War.* The Nationalist were forced to flee to Taiwan.to Taiwan.
6 Mao Expands China Tibet: The Dalai Lama and Tibetans left for India because the Communist would notallow their religion.
7 Mao Reforms China - Collective Farms communes more food 1. Great Leap Forward- Mao’s plan to increase industrial production in 5 years- Collective Farms communes more food* This failed leading to famine and 20 million deaths.2. Cultural RevolutionMao’s plan to eliminate certain arts and education people only exposed to communism.*eliminate the old four: old ideas, old culture, old customs and old habits
8 Formation of the Red Guard During the Cultural Revolution in ‘66-Students leave School to Form “Red Guard”-Youth movement to further Mao’s C.R.-arrested “counter revolutionaries”-Disbanded in ‘68
9 Tiananmen Square -Mao dies in 1976 Deng Xiaoping becomes leader -wanted to modernize China but did not bring about democracy-Protest by Chinese intellectuals demanding economic and democratic reform
10 V.S. The Korean War 1950-1953 In an effort to stop the spread of communism post WWII Korea was dividedDivided at the 38th Parallel.North: Communist (China)South: Anti Communist (US)V.S.
11 N. Korea (Financed by Stalin) With 90,000 troops invade South Korea in 1950
12 The U.S. Responds by leading a UN Military Force to push back the invasion
13 MacArthur leads UN Forces In Amphibious attack at the Port of Inchon
14 They Push the North to the Yula River …Victory?
16 Stalemate at the 38th Parallel… Truman happy to call for a Cease Fire
17 TimeLine - North Korea advance to the South with Stalin’s help. - The U.S. (Macarthur) helps South Korea advance in the North.- Macarthur wants to continue into China but is stopped by Truman.- China helps North Korea push South back to the 38th Parallel- War ends where it began (38th Parallel) and still exist today.
18 South Korea Received aid from the US Became democratic in 1987 Has become a prosperous country.
19 North Korea Leader: Kim Il Sung Established Collective Farms Increased IndustryStrengthened Military