2Nationalist vs. Communist Jiang Jieshi(Chiang Kai-shek)LeaderMao ZedongSouthern ChinaArea RuledNorthern ChinaUnited StatesForeign SupportUSSRStop CommunismDomestic PolicyNational LiberationWeak due to failing EconomyPublic SupportStrong due to peasant land reformWeak LeadershipMilitaryExperienced and Motivated
3Chinese Civil War Jaing Jiesh (Chiang Kai-shek) led China in WWII US assisted China in WWII therefore theySupported Chiang Kai-shek in the ChineseCivil War
4Chinese Civil WarMao and the communists tried to take power from the Nationalists and Chaing Kai-Shek.
5Chinese Civil War Outcome: The Communist lead by Mao Zedong won, giving the USSR a new ally in theCold War.* The Nationalist were forced to flee to Taiwan.to Taiwan.
6Mao Expands China Tibet: The Dalai Lama and Tibetans left for India because the Communist would notallow their religion.
7Mao Reforms China - Collective Farms communes more food 1. Great Leap Forward- Mao’s plan to increase industrial production in 5 years- Collective Farms communes more food* This failed leading to famine and 20 million deaths.2. Cultural RevolutionMao’s plan to eliminate certain arts and education people only exposed to communism.*eliminate the old four: old ideas, old culture, old customs and old habits
8Formation of the Red Guard During the Cultural Revolution in ‘66-Students leave School to Form “Red Guard”-Youth movement to further Mao’s C.R.-arrested “counter revolutionaries”-Disbanded in ‘68
9Tiananmen Square -Mao dies in 1976 Deng Xiaoping becomes leader -wanted to modernize China but did not bring about democracy-Protest by Chinese intellectuals demanding economic and democratic reform
10V.S. The Korean War 1950-1953 In an effort to stop the spread of communism post WWII Korea was dividedDivided at the 38th Parallel.North: Communist (China)South: Anti Communist (US)V.S.
11N. Korea (Financed by Stalin) With 90,000 troops invade South Korea in 1950
12The U.S. Responds by leading a UN Military Force to push back the invasion
13MacArthur leads UN Forces In Amphibious attack at the Port of Inchon
16Stalemate at the 38th Parallel… Truman happy to call for a Cease Fire
17TimeLine - North Korea advance to the South with Stalin’s help. - The U.S. (Macarthur) helps South Korea advance in the North.- Macarthur wants to continue into China but is stopped by Truman.- China helps North Korea push South back to the 38th Parallel- War ends where it began (38th Parallel) and still exist today.
18South Korea Received aid from the US Became democratic in 1987 Has become a prosperous country.
19North Korea Leader: Kim Il Sung Established Collective Farms Increased IndustryStrengthened Military