Presentation on theme: "The Cold War China. Nationalist vs. Communist Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai- shek) Leader Mao Zedong Southern China Area Ruled Northern China United States."— Presentation transcript:
The Cold War China
Nationalist vs. Communist Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai- shek) Leader Mao Zedong Southern China Area Ruled Northern China United States Foreign Support USSR Stop Communism Domestic Policy National Liberation Weak due to failing Economy Public Support Strong due to peasant land reform Weak Leadership Military Experienced and Motivated
Chinese Civil War Jaing Jiesh (Chiang Kai-shek) led China in WWII US assisted China in WWII therefore they Supported Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War Mao and the communists tried to take power from the Nationalists and Chaing Kai-Shek.
Chinese Civil War Outcome: The Communist lead by Mao Zedong won, giving the USSR a new ally in the Cold War. * The Nationalist were forced to flee to Taiwan. to Taiwan.
Mao Expands China Tibet: The Dalai Lama and Tibetans left for India because the Communist would not allow their religion.
Mao Reforms China 1. Great Leap Forward - Mao’s plan to increase industrial production in 5 years - Collective Farms communes more food * This failed leading to famine and 20 million deaths. 2. Cultural Revolution Mao’s plan to eliminate certain arts and education people only exposed to communism. *eliminate the old four: old ideas, old culture, old customs and old habits
Formation of the Red Guard
Tiananmen Square -Mao dies in 1976 Deng Xiaoping becomes leader -wanted to modernize China but did not bring about democracy -Protest by Chinese intellectuals demanding economic and democratic reform
The Korean War In an effort to stop the spread of communism post WWII Korea was divided Divided at the 38th Parallel. –North: Communist (China) –South: Anti Communist (US) V.S.
TimeLine - North Korea advance to the South with Stalin’s help. - The U.S. (Macarthur) helps South Korea advance in the North. - Macarthur wants to continue into China but is stopped by Truman. - China helps North Korea push South back to the 38 th Parallel - War ends where it began (38 th Parallel) and still exist today.
South Korea 1.Received aid from the US 2.Became democratic in Has become a prosperous country.
North Korea Leader: Kim Il Sung 1.Established Collective Farms 2.Increased Industry 3.Strengthened Military