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Rise of Communism in China Communist Timeline. Rise of Nationalist Party 1911-1928 Sun Yat-sen Sun Yat-sen –Father of Modern China – Led revolution ending.

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Presentation on theme: "Rise of Communism in China Communist Timeline. Rise of Nationalist Party 1911-1928 Sun Yat-sen Sun Yat-sen –Father of Modern China – Led revolution ending."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rise of Communism in China Communist Timeline

2 Rise of Nationalist Party Sun Yat-sen Sun Yat-sen –Father of Modern China – Led revolution ending Imperial Rule in China –Formed Republic of China (1912) –Death in 1925 – caused split between communist and nationalist for heir to rule. Chang Kai-Shek Chang Kai-Shek –Leader of Nationalist following Suns death –Became overall leader of ROC in 1928

3 Nationalist vs. Communist 1920s & 1930s Communist (Red Army) early success – 4 victories Communist (Red Army) early success – 4 victories –Guerilla warfare tactics Nationalist changed military tactics (strong hold) Nationalist changed military tactics (strong hold) –5 th military effort success Communist changed tactic to positional warfare and could not match forces Communist changed tactic to positional warfare and could not match forces – lost battle and support of people

4 The Long March Communist settled in S. Central China (Jianxi Province) Communist settled in S. Central China (Jianxi Province) Chiang sent army to hunt down Red Army and kill all those who favored Communism Chiang sent army to hunt down Red Army and kill all those who favored Communism 1934 Communist started year long journey 1934 Communist started year long journey –18 Mt. Ranges (6,000 miles) –8,000 lived out of 100,000 –Yanan final destination & headquarters –Postitives of March: Isolated, know land better, and went through villages gaining support Mao Zedong emerges as leader of Mao Zedong emerges as leader of Communist Party

5 Communist Take Over October 1, 1949 Japan takes control of Manchuria during WWII Japan takes control of Manchuria during WWII Forced Nationalist & Communist to Unite Forced Nationalist & Communist to Unite War ended in 1945 War ended in 1945 During and shortly after war, Communist carried out social reforms gaining support from peasants During and shortly after war, Communist carried out social reforms gaining support from peasants 1949 Nationalist and Chiang Kai-Shek defeated and fled to Taiwan 1949 Nationalist and Chiang Kai-Shek defeated and fled to Taiwan –nationalist tired of fighting (8 years) and lost support of people Mao forms People Republic of China Mao forms People Republic of China

6 Great Leap Forward Purpose – Make China an equal industrial nation to Western Powers in 15 years Purpose – Make China an equal industrial nation to Western Powers in 15 years How are they going to fulfill it? How are they going to fulfill it? –Make people work day and night –Focus on making steel Reasons it failed Reasons it failed –Used the system of putting people into Communes Collective communities whose members share work and products equally (5,000 households) Collective communities whose members share work and products equally (5,000 households) Motivation goes down Motivation goes down –People were doing work they did not know how to do –Poor Technology

7 The Cultural Revolution May Started by Mao Started by Mao Purpose Purpose –Wants new ideas (His) –Cleanse the party Losing power to rival leaders in the party following the failure of the Great Leap Forward Losing power to rival leaders in the party following the failure of the Great Leap Forward –Destroy the Four Olds Ideas, Thought, Customs, Habits Ideas, Thought, Customs, Habits Mao created the Red Guards Mao created the Red Guards –Youth Militia that was encouraged to rebel against authority –Communes: unattached to parents and taught to worship Mao –Traveled around China for free and encouraged peasants to attack local officials

8 Death of Mao and New Leader September 9, 1976 Gang of Four (led by Maos Widow) Gang of Four (led by Maos Widow)vs. Deng Xiaoping –Gang of Four favored Cultural Revolution and Deng was against it Most sided with Deng and he became leader Most sided with Deng and he became leader –Tired of death and disorder

9 Four Modernizations 1978 – 1980s Dengs goal – to improve Dengs goal – to improve 1) agriculture 2)industry 3) science & technology 4) defense Agriculture Agriculture –Contract responsibility system replace communes Farmers rent land and provide certain amounts at set prices and keep rest Farmers rent land and provide certain amounts at set prices and keep rest 1 st 8 years – farmers income tripled 1 st 8 years – farmers income tripled

10 Four Modernizations 1978 – 1980s Industrial Development Industrial Development –Change Focus from heavy industry to light industry Production of small consumer goods Production of small consumer goods –More decision power to factory managers with reward system for being more productive –4 Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Along Chinas east coast in the south Along Chinas east coast in the south Attract foreign capital, companies, technology Attract foreign capital, companies, technology –Results Coastal cities grew rich – Interior regions lay behind, more urban, economy quadrupled in size (way of life improved) Coastal cities grew rich – Interior regions lay behind, more urban, economy quadrupled in size (way of life improved)

11 Tiananmen Square May 13 – June 4, th Modernization – Political Freedom 5 th Modernization – Political Freedom –100,000 people into Tiananmen Square to protest –Martial Law –Some demonstrators refused to leave –June 3 rd Rounded up leaders and killed them without trial Rounded up leaders and killed them without trial Troops opened fire without warning killing 2,000 people Troops opened fire without warning killing 2,000 people –Economic growth can only succeed if people kept in line


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