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Dr. Sun Yixian (1866 – 1925) (Dr. Sun Yat-sen) Chinese Warlords, 1920s Yuan Shi-kai.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Sun Yixian (1866 – 1925) (Dr. Sun Yat-sen) Chinese Warlords, 1920s Yuan Shi-kai."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Dr. Sun Yixian (1866 – 1925) (Dr. Sun Yat-sen)

3 Chinese Warlords, 1920s Yuan Shi-kai

4 China After the end of the dynastic rule Government not in control Economic collapse Rule of law? What does this say about the shape China was in?

5 China in 1924

6 Mao Zedong As a Young Revolutionary (Mao Tse-tung)

7 Jiang Jieshi Becomes President of Nationalist China, 1928 (Chiang Kai-shek)

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9 The Long March

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11 Overview (write this): Agricultural society Corrupt warlords took over after the dynasties fell Chiang Kai-Shek (nationalist) takes power Long March (communists gaining support) Japan begins invading China

12 Japanese Aggression,

13 Victims of the Japanese bombing of Shanghai.

14 Japanese Soldiers March into Nanking December 9, 1937

15 Dates to Remember: 1937-Japan invaded China 1939-Germany invaded Poland (official start of WWII) 1941-Pearl Harbor was bombed and we entered the war 1945-atomic bombing of Japan— war ends

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17 Overview: WWII ends China realizes that their leader was wimpy Communism spreads Chiang Kai-Shek moves to Taiwan to start “The New, Real China” (he was nuts)

18 More to write: Domino Theory (fear of the spread of communism) Containment Policy (to follow)—don’t let it spread! Fact: the U.S. didn’t acknowledge Communist China until 1972! We still tried to support Chiang Kai-Shek until then

19 The Peoples’ Liberation Army, 1949

20 The Communist Victory

21 Taiwan: The Republic of China

22 The People’s Republic of China

23 Reasons for the Communists’ Success ► Mao won support of peasants – land ► Mao won support of women ► Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics ► Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt ► Many felt that the Nationalists allowed foreigners to dominate China.

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25 Great Leap Forward, 1958 ► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry ► Communes e Groups of people who live and work together e Property held in common e Had production quotas ► Failed due to poor quality of products, poor weather hurt agriculture

26 Communist China Under Mao ► Industrialized China ► Increased literacy ► Class privileges ended ► Rural Chinese received health care ► One-party dictatorship ► Denied people basic rights and freedoms

27 Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lama in Beijing, 1954 ► Tibet --> an autonomous area. ► Dalai Lama fled in the late 1950s to India.

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29 A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS” ► Old Thoughts ► Old Culture ► Old Customs ► Old Habits To Rebel Is Good!

30 Communist China Under Mao ► Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society ► Mao wanted to put “intellectuals” in their place ► Schools shut down – students revolted ► Red Guards – students who attacked professors, government officials, factory managers

31 A Red Guard

32 Red Guards March to Canton

33 With regard to the great teacher Chairman Mao, cherish the word 'Loyalty'. With regard to the great Mao Zedong Thought, vigorously stress the word 'Usefulness'. (1968) Cult of Personality

34 The reddest, reddest, red sun in our heart, Chairman Mao, and us together Zhejiang Workers, Farmers and Soldiers Art Academy collective, 1968 Mao’s Little Red Book

35 Go among the workers, peasants and soldiers, and into the thick of struggle!

36 Propaganda Poster

37 “ Ping-Pong Diplomacy”: U. S. Players at Great Wall, 1971

38 Mao Meets President Nixon, 1972

39 Power Struggle Modernists Communist Traditionalists Zhou Enlai “The Gang of Four”: Jiang Qin, Chen Boda, Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan 1976

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41 Deng Xiaoping ( )

42 De-Maoization ► Agriculture ► Industry ► Science ► Defense ► Agriculture ► Industry ► Science ► Defense “The 4 Modernizations” Progress in: Class struggle was no longer the central focus!

43 Gap Between Rich & Poor Deng: If you open a window, some flies naturally get in!

44 Tiananmen Square, 1989 More democracy!

45 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student activist, Wang Dan, Beijing University

46 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Democracy—Our Common Ideal!

47 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The “Goddess of Democracy”

48 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Government Clamps Down

49 Tiananmen Square, 1989 One Lone Man’s Protest

50 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Massacre: The People’s Army Moves In

51 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Army Looks for Dissidents

52 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student Leaders Are Arrested

53 Tiananmen Square, 1989 Chinese Students Mourn the Dead

54 Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Reestablishment of Order

55 What’s the Message Here?

56 Demography ► may be no surer predictor of destiny than trade data. But of the two momentous changes championed by Deng Xiaoping a quarter-century ago, coercive population controls and experiments with market economics, the jury is still out on which will do more to shape China's long-term potential.

57 Demography

58 ► There are too many retirees in China, and not enough young people to replace them. ► Think about it—WHY? You know this!

59 D emography ► "The evidence is overwhelming that a large population of unmarried adult males is a risk factor for both crime and war," Ms. den Boer said in an interview. "The fact that China is an authoritarian country is another risk factor."


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