Presentation on theme: "I never thought that I could take the burn"— Presentation transcript:
1 I never thought that I could take the burn never say never永不言败I never thought that I could walk through fireI never thought that I could take the burnI never thought that I could feel this power I never thought that I could feel this free宾语从句 object clause
2 表语从句 predicative clause I always dream that I can enter a key university.宾语从句 object clauseMy dream is that I can enter a key university.表语从句 predicative clauseThat I can enter a key university is my dream.主语从句 subject clauseI have a dream that I can enter a key university.同位语从句 appositive clause
7 引导名词性从句的关联词 that;whether;if (只起连接作用在从句中不做成分) 2. what;who;whom;which;whose(在从句中做主、宾、表、定成分)3. when;why; where;how (在从句中做状语成分)其它：That he didn’t come to school is because he was ill.She looks as if she has really been there.Things are not as they seemed to be.
8 语序问题（word order） 结论：名词性从句应选用陈述句语序。 1.He asked____for a violin. A. did I pay how muchB. I paid how muchC. how much did I payD. how much I paid2.You can hardly imagine ____when he heard the news .A. how he was excitedB. how was he excitedC. how excited he wasD. he was how excited结论：名词性从句应选用陈述句语序。
9 I heard that he joined the army. 一．宾语从句宾语从句就是一个句子作宾语。1. 动词宾语从句I heard that he joined the army.老师说光比声音传播快The teacher said______________________________________.我告诉他不久后我就会回来。I told him__________________________________.(that) light travels faster than sound.(that) I would come back before long
10 2. 介词宾语从句Our success depends on how well we can cooperate with each other.除了他视力不好，我对他一无所知。I know nothing about him except___________________________.我担心是否我能通过期中考试I’m concerned about____________________________________.that he has poor eyesight.Whether I can pass the mid-term exam
11 I am afraid (that) I’ve made a mistake. 3. 形容词宾语从句I am afraid (that) I’ve made a mistake.我确定我能解决这个难题。I am sure_________________________________________.小女孩感到很难过 ，她的风筝飞走了。The little girl felt upset ________________________.(that) I can solve this difficult problem(that) her kite flew away.
12 √ 4. it 可以作为形式宾语 it作为形式宾语而真正的宾语常由that 引出。 He makes it a rule that he gets up at 6:00 o’clock every morning.We thought it strange that Tom did not come yesterday.5. 虚拟语气(the subjuctive mood )谓语动词为 insist(坚持主张）suggest（建议） demand ,order, advise, request, require 等词，后边的宾语从句要用虚拟语气，即，(should) +do√They advised that he go there alone.They advised that he went there alone.
13 √ √ 6. 否定转移(transferred negation ) 谓语动词为think, consider, suppose, believe, expect, guess, imagine……，其后的宾语从句若含有否定意义，一般要把否定词转移到主句谓语上，从句谓语用肯定式。I think this dress doesn’t fit you well.√I don’t think this dress fits you well.I suppose he hasn’t finished the job.√I don’t suppose he has finished the job.
14 He told me that he would come and that he would come on time. 7.并列第二个以上的宾语从句不能省略(omit)that.He said (that) he had finished reading this novel and that he would borrow another one.He told me that he would come and that he would come on time.()
15 小试牛刀：1.It was ordered that all the soldiers____ to the front（前线）．A. should send B. must be sentC. should be sent D. must go2.I hate________ when people talk with their mouths full. A．it B．that C．these D．Them
16 4.they suggested that he ___do it alone. A. didn’t B. doesn’t 3.He told me __he had come the day before and ____he was going to stay here for a week.A. / , / B. that, /C. /, that D. how, /4.they suggested that he ___do it alone.A. didn’t B. doesn’tC. not D. can’t
17 8. 宾语从句也可由how, wh-疑问词来引导1.Suppose you were late yesterday, what didthe teacher say to you?The teacher said to me—(object clause)why you were late yesterday?How you explained for being late yesterday?2.When you go to see a doctor , what will thedoctor say to you ?The doctor will say to me how long you havefelt like this?/ what is the trouble?/what is theMatter?/ what is wong with you?
18 3.When you go shopping, and you are interested in the trousers.What will you say?I will ask how much they are?/ Whether youcan give any discount about them?4. When you meet the singer you like, whatwill you say ?I will say whether I can have your signature?(签名)/ whether you feel tired after singing?
19 9. whether与if 有时可以换用，但下列情况只能用whether. 1).介词后的宾语从句.I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.2).whether…or not的宾语从句.I don’t know whether or not she’ll like it.3). 不定式只能用whether.Tell us whether to go or stay here.4)如果宾语从句放在句首时，用whetherWhether he has stolen the money, I don’t know.
20 用if 或whether 填空 1. I don’t know __________ I’ll be free tomorrow. 2. I don’t know _________ or not I’ll be free tomorrow.3. It depends on ________ we will have enough money.4._______ you are not free tomorrow , I’ll go without you.5.__________he has told a lie , I can’t tell.whether/ifwhetherwhetherIfwhether
21 二．表语从句表语从句就是一个句子放在系动词之后做表语，常见的系动词有be, remain, seem, look, appear, sound, feel…1) The fact remains that he is behind the other students.2) The reason why he is late for school is that he missed the early bus.
22 表语从句的引导词与宾语从句相同但:1. that引导表语从句时不能省.2. 表“是否”不用if应用whether.3. seem, appear后可接that引导的从句, 而look则不可, 这三个词后都可接as if / as thoughIt seems / appears that he was late for the train yesterday.It seems / appears / looks as if we have to go home on foot.
23 tell me sth about you I am an ordinary English teacher, I work hard six days a week, so my dream is that I needn’twork during weekends. My trouble seems as ifmy memory becomes worse and worse.What about you? Tell me your dream, hope,plan, strength, weakness, puzzle, trouble,problem, by using 2 or more sentences,and inyou sentences you should include apredicative clause(表语从句).
24 why;that B. because; why C. that; because D. why; because Choose the correct answerThe reason __she asked for leave this morning was __she had to look after her baby.why;that B. because; whyC. that; because D. why; because需要注意的是,常用的结构为:the reason why … is that(不能用because)…keep it in your mind
25 一、找出下列句子中的错误，并总结出规律： 1. Can you tell me how many students are there in your class?2. The owner of the shop came to see whatthe matter was.there arewhat was the matter/ the trouble/ wrong.规律一：从句中须使用陈述语序declarative sentence
26 二、找出下列句子中的错误，并总结出规律： 1. My advice is that we must do our homework first.2. We suggested that we went to the cinema.(should)(should go)规律二：注意虚拟语气的使用！the Subjunctive Mood
27 三、找出下列句子中的错误，并总结出规律： 1. It depends on if the weather is suitable for us to do it.2. The question is if he himself will be present at themeeting.3. I don’t know if or not I can accept his invitation.4. I don’t know if to accept or refuse.whether()whetherwhetherwhether规律三：注意whether的特殊用法
28 四、找出下列句子中的错误，并总结出规律： I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money on these books.2. Everybody considers it impossible which he wants to finish the job in such a short time.itthat规律四：注意it作形式宾语，其真正宾语的引导词用that。
31 1.He didn't know which room _______. they lived B . did they live in 热点试题集锦1.He didn't know which room _______.they lived B . did they live inC. did they live D. they lived in2.These photographs will show you _______.A. what does our village look likeB. what our village looks likeC. how does our village look likeD. how our village looks like
32 3. — Do you remember ________ he came? — Yes, I do. He came by car.A. how B. when C. that D. if4. — I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.— Is that _________ you had a few days off?A. why B. when C. what D. where
33 5.You can't imagine ________ when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited B. how excited they wereC. how excited were they D. they were how excited6.I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. _________ I got wet.A. It's the reason B. That's whyC. There's why D. It's how
34 7. My consideration is ______ the financial crisis(经济危机) in the USA will heavily influence China. A. which B. ifC. what D. why8. I think this trip was well worth ______ we had paid.A. that B. whatC. which D. how
35 9．What are you anxious about? —______.A. If we succeed B. That we can succeedC. Do we succeed D. Whether we can succeed10．The recent UK official studies show ______ fewer teenagers are now studying foreign languages.A. what B. thatC. which D. whether
36 D B 11.Some one is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _______. A. who is he B.who he isC.who is it D.who it isD12.The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand _____ they insist on going by motorbike.A. where B. why C. what D. howB
37 D13. What the doctors really doubt is _____ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.A. when B. if C.why D. whether14.Little Tommy was unwilling to tell the schoolmaster ______ he had done the day before.A. that B. what C. where D. howB
38 Fill in the blanks using the new words: homework5.The conclusion they have made is r___________.6. In this picture the tree is the s_______ of life.7. I c__________ him that she was honest.ridiculoussymbolDo the exercises about the nounclauses on your text bookconvinced
39 在because前为：it is , that is , this is 时, 称为表语从句. 当然, because也可引导原因状语从句. He didn’t come on time,that was because he had missed the train.He was late because he hadn’t caught the bus
40 8. 由wh-疑问词引导. Complete these sentences 1）我们完全理解他所说的We fully understood________________.2）去问问他昨天为什么晚了Go and ask____________________________.3）他不能说出他家在那He couldn’t tell______________________.what he saidwhy he was late yesterdaywhere his home was
41 Complete the following sentences by using predicative clause 问题是这部电影是否值得看(worth)The question is_______________________________.(2)事实是我们输了比赛The fact was___________________________.(3) 看起来好像要下雨It looks________________________.whether the film is worth seeingthat we lost the gameas if it is going to rain
42 用 what/ whether /as if /why / if / how/ because where填空1.The question is _______we can rely on him.2.I was late for school this morning. That’s_______ I stayed up too late last night.3.He looked _______he was going to cry .4.What she couldn’t understand was_____fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lesson.5.What we want to know is _________we can improve our English in such a short time.6.That’s just ______I want.whetherbecauseas ifwhyhowwhat
43 用whose, whom, what, how, as if, when, that，why填空. 1.I think ____ he will be all right in a few days.2.Do you know _____ they are waiting for?3. He asked _____ dictionary it was.4. Please pay attention to ____the teacher said5. Can you tell me _____ I can get to the railway station?6. I don’t know ______they will arrive .whomwhosewhathowwhen