2 Central V State Government Convention IssuesNorthV SouthCentral V State GovernmentLarge V Small StatesWho should have more authority people or government? Federal or State?How many Houses should be in Congress?How many delegates should the nation have?Do slaves count in the population?Do slaves count for taxation?
3 Legislative Branch Congress establishes federal courts Checks on the Judicial BranchChecks on the Executive BranchCongress establishes federal courtsSenate confirms or rejects appointments of judgmentsImpeach and remove federal judgesOverride presidential vetoApprove funding for presidential programsImpeach and remove the president and high officialsSenate Confirms or rejects federal appointments
4 Judicial Branch Decides the meaning of laws Checks on the Legislative BranchChecks on the Executive BranchDecides the meaning of lawsDeclare acts of Congress unconstitutionalAppoint judges for life with out presidential controlCan declare actions unconstitutional
5 Executive Branch Can veto bills of Congress Checks on the Judicial BranchChecks on the Legislative BranchCan veto bills of CongressCan call special sessions of congressCan propose legislationAppoints federal judgesCan pardon or reprieve people convicted of federal crimes
6 Ratification Causes Debate Federalists Favored the new Constitution’s balance of power between states and federal government A series of 85 essays under the pseudonym Publius would be published in supportAntifederalists Opposed strong central government and the Constitution