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Branches Of Government
5.2 Part 2
Central V State Government
Convention Issues North V South Central V State Government Large V Small States Who should have more authority people or government? Federal or State? How many Houses should be in Congress? How many delegates should the nation have? Do slaves count in the population? Do slaves count for taxation?
Legislative Branch Congress establishes federal courts
Checks on the Judicial Branch Checks on the Executive Branch Congress establishes federal courts Senate confirms or rejects appointments of judgments Impeach and remove federal judges Override presidential veto Approve funding for presidential programs Impeach and remove the president and high officials Senate Confirms or rejects federal appointments
Judicial Branch Decides the meaning of laws
Checks on the Legislative Branch Checks on the Executive Branch Decides the meaning of laws Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional Appoint judges for life with out presidential control Can declare actions unconstitutional
Executive Branch Can veto bills of Congress
Checks on the Judicial Branch Checks on the Legislative Branch Can veto bills of Congress Can call special sessions of congress Can propose legislation Appoints federal judges Can pardon or reprieve people convicted of federal crimes
Ratification Causes Debate
Federalists Favored the new Constitution’s balance of power between states and federal government A series of 85 essays under the pseudonym Publius would be published in support Antifederalists Opposed strong central government and the Constitution
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