2The delegates at the constitutional convention decided to divide the national government into three branches: Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch.
3Separation of Power: The Constitution divides government power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.The separation of power insures that no one branch of government will have too much power.
12(a group of advisors to the president) Executive BranchPresidentVice-PresidentCabinet(a group of advisors to the president)
13Powers of the Executive Branch carry out the laws and make people obey themmanage or run the governmentsuggest new lawsappoint Cabinet membersappoint Supreme Court judgesapprove or reject (veto) laws made by Congress
14PresidentGeorge W. BushVice-PresidentRichard Cheney
15The Cabinet Secretary of State Secretary of Treasury Secretary of War Secretary of EducationSecretary of Homeland SecurityAttorney General
20Supreme Court The Supreme Court is the highest court in nation. There are 9 judges (justices) on the Supreme Court.The Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President and serve for life.Congress must approve the appointments
21Powers of the Judicial Branch interprets or reviews laws passed by Congressdecide if a law agrees with the Constitution or disagrees with it (unconstitutional)settle arguments between the statesprotect the rights of the people
25Checks and BalancesThe three branches of government have roles that check, or limit, the others so that no single branch can have too much authority.It prevents any one branch of government from becoming too powerful.The executive checks the legislative and judicial.The legislative checks the executive and judicial.The judicial checks the executive and legislative.
30Congress can impeach (bring charges against) and remove a president. Supreme Court can declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional (against the constitution).
31President vetoes the bill 1 2 Congress approvesa bill prohibitingflag burningPresident vetoes the bill12Congress overrides thePresident’s vetoCitizen arrested forburning flag and sues34Supreme Courtdeclares lawunconstitutional5