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Three Branches of Government. The delegates at the constitutional convention decided to divide the national government into three branches: Legislative.

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Presentation on theme: "Three Branches of Government. The delegates at the constitutional convention decided to divide the national government into three branches: Legislative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Three Branches of Government

2 The delegates at the constitutional convention decided to divide the national government into three branches: Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch. The delegates at the constitutional convention decided to divide the national government into three branches: Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch.

3 Separation of Power: The Constitution divides government power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Separation of Power: The Constitution divides government power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The separation of power insures that no one branch of government will have too much power. The separation of power insures that no one branch of government will have too much power.

4 Separation of Power

5 Legislative Branch (Congress)

6 Legislative Branch (Congress) Senate House of Representatives Total Members Per State (2 per state) Total Members Per State (depends on the states population

7 Powers of the Legislative Branch make laws make laws declare war declare war collect taxes collect taxes approve or disapprove of people that the President appoints or gives jobs to approve or disapprove of people that the President appoints or gives jobs to remove a Supreme Court judge remove a Supreme Court judge remove the President remove the President

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11 Executive Branch (the President)

12 Executive Branch President Vice-President Cabinet (a group of advisors to the president)

13 Powers of the Executive Branch carry out the laws and make people obey them carry out the laws and make people obey them manage or run the government manage or run the government suggest new laws suggest new laws appoint Cabinet members appoint Cabinet members appoint Supreme Court judges appoint Supreme Court judges approve or reject (veto) laws made by Congress approve or reject (veto) laws made by Congress

14 President George W. Bush Vice-President Richard Cheney

15 The Cabinet Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of Treasury Secretary of Treasury Secretary of War Secretary of War Secretary of Education Secretary of Education Secretary of Homeland Security Secretary of Homeland Security Attorney General Attorney General

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18 White House

19 Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)

20 Supreme Court The Supreme Court is the highest court in nation. The Supreme Court is the highest court in nation. There are 9 judges (justices) on the Supreme Court. There are 9 judges (justices) on the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President and serve for life. The Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President and serve for life. Congress must approve the appointments Congress must approve the appointments

21 Powers of the Judicial Branch interprets or reviews laws passed by Congress interprets or reviews laws passed by Congress decide if a law agrees with the Constitution or disagrees with it (unconstitutional) decide if a law agrees with the Constitution or disagrees with it (unconstitutional) settle arguments between the states settle arguments between the states protect the rights of the people protect the rights of the people

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25 Checks and Balances The three branches of government have roles that check, or limit, the others so that no single branch can have too much authority. The three branches of government have roles that check, or limit, the others so that no single branch can have too much authority. It prevents any one branch of government from becoming too powerful. It prevents any one branch of government from becoming too powerful. The executive checks the legislative and judicial. The executive checks the legislative and judicial. The legislative checks the executive and judicial. The legislative checks the executive and judicial. The judicial checks the executive and legislative. The judicial checks the executive and legislative.

26 Examples of Checks and Balances

27 Congress passes a law The President can veto (reject) the law Congress can reverse the presidents veto with a two-thirds vote

28 Example of Checks and Balances The president can veto bills passed by Congress.

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30 Congress can impeach (bring charges against) and remove a president. Congress can impeach (bring charges against) and remove a president. Supreme Court can declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional (against the constitution). Supreme Court can declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional (against the constitution).

31 Congress approves a bill prohibiting flag burning President vetoes the bill Congress overrides the Presidents veto Citizen arrested for burning flag and sues Supreme Court declares law unconstitutional


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