Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 The Constitution. Common Checks and Balances President recommends legislation to congress Presidential veto Congressional override of veto Senate."— Presentation transcript:
Common Checks and Balances President recommends legislation to congress Presidential veto Congressional override of veto Senate confirmation of presidential appointments to executive branch and courts Senate ratification of treaties Impeachment of President or judge Constitutional amendments Judicial review of laws
Amending the Constitution Step 1 Proposing the Amendment – 2/3 vote of both houses of Congress OR – 2/3 of states petition Congress to hold a constitutional convention (never used)
Amending the Constitution Step 2 Ratifying the Amendment – ¾ of 50 state legislatures vote to ratify OR – all states hold special constitutional conventions and ¾ vote to ratify (used only once – to repeal prohibition)
Amending the Constitution What is the difference? In the State Legislature method, representatives vote for or against the amendment. With special conventions, the one time it was used, delegates ran on a platform either supporting or not supporting the amendment. People then voted for delegates, based on their position on that one issue. So, in effect, the people were voting directly on the amendment.
Presidential Power What is the main source of conflict between the president and congress? When the president and the majority in congress are in different political parties! How has the president gained power in recent years? Conducting foreign policy through executive agreement rather than treaties. Aggressively requesting legislation from congress.