Presentation on theme: "Bellwork (back of books)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bellwork (back of books) If urbanisation is the answer what is the question? (List two questions that it could be the answer for)If rural is the answer what is the question? (List three questions)If shanty town is the answer what is the question? (List two questions)If migration is the answer what is the question? (List two questions)
2 Counterurbanisation Key Questions: What is counterurbanisation? Why has it happened?What are the results?Learning Objectives:Explain the term counterurbanisationClassify c-urb cause and effect
3 Altofts, Allerton Bywater, Ackworth, Methley or Kippax HomelearningUse the VLE to look at this powerpoint and read the St Ives casestudyFollow this structure to develop your own casestudy on either:Altofts, Allerton Bywater, Ackworth, Methley or KippaxEach of these have developed as a result of counter urbanisation
5 What is it ?The process of people moving away from urban areas to smaller settlements and rural areas.Leads to the growth of rural areas beyond the city.The boundary between rural and urban becomes less obvious as more people become involved in counter urbanisation.Depopulation of major urban areas to small areas.
6 Definition The movement of people to rural areas from urban areas Leaving the cities and moving to smaller towns and villagesPLUS - Wider World pg 262 TrendsMove of employment to rural areasMove of people who commute to towns
7 Which do you think is the biggest trend and why… Thinking skillsTHINK PAIR SHAREQuestion:Which do you think is the biggest trend and why…Move of employment to rural areasORMove of people who commute to towns
12 Time Counter urbanisation began in the UK in the 1960s It had been happening before this but this was a time where many more began to moveBy 1990 a net movementof 1,700 people were leavingfor rural areas from the cities
16 Why? As before… PUSH and PULL factors In this case RURAL PULL and URBAN PUSHThese can be classified two ways…Firstly by push and pullVideo clip!
17 Push or Pull? Traffic congestion Pollution Retirement Fear of crime Rural idyllNew/modern housesOvercrowdingExpensive repairs to old housesUnemploymentWork flexibilityDerelict shopsRoom for expansionKnow your neighboursPush: high housing density in cities; pollution levels; crime levels; intensity of city;Pull: community spirit; retirement home; technology to work from home; scenically attractive; traditional features; essential services.
18 Bellwork (back of books) Explain the difference between urbanisation and counter urbanisationWhat changes to ‘rural’ areas does counter urbanisation have?How might this ‘mess up’ the settlement hierarchy?
19 Counterurbanisation Key Questions: What is counterurbanisation? Why has it happened?What are the results?Learning Objectives:Explain the term counterurbanisationClassify c-urb cause and effect
20 Altofts, Allerton Bywater, Ackworth, Methley or Kippax HomelearningUse the VLE to look at this powerpoint and read the St Ives casestudyFollow this structure to develop your own casestudy on either:Altofts, Allerton Bywater, Ackworth, Methley or KippaxEach of these have developed as a result of counter urbanisation
21 Why? Economic Social Environmental Secondly by ECONOMIC, SOCIAL and ENVIRONMENTAL reasonsSimplify the statements on the next slides and place them in the correct place on your Venn diagram!EconomicSocialEnvironmental
22 Why?1. Environmental and social problems with inner cities pushed people away from urban areas.At the same time, more rural areas were seen as peaceful, unpolluted, offering greater space and the community spirit that was lacking in inner city areas2. The growing popularity of the 'out-of-town' industrial and businesses parks as location for employment as industry also became unsatisfied with inner city areas
23 Why?3. Improvements in rural transport infrastructures and increased car ownership allowed a greater freedom of choice when choosing where to live4. The growth in Information Communication Technology ( , Fax, Video-conferencing) has allowed further freedom as people can work from home and are not so tied to urban areas
24 Why?5. For social reasons, as people re-acquaint with family or friends, retire to a quiet place, believe the countryside to be more suitable for families or decide the climate/environment is better for their health
26 ImpactsHouse prices can be pushed up as migrants sell expensive city properties and earn higher city wages. This can force young people to leave the village because they cannot afford a housePublic transport goes into decline because the new residents are car owners. This can be a major problem for village residents without their own transport, particularly the elderly. This problem is compounded by…
27 ImpactsTraditional rural services start to close as the new population will be reliant on the services of the urban environment such as the supermarket. The closures of village stores and post offices have caused major problems in many rural areas.Those shops and services that survive often find that they have to change to meet the needs of the new population. So the pub becomes a restaurant, the blacksmith now makes garden furniture and the butcher a delicatessen.
28 ImpactsAs a large percentage of the migrants will be commuting to work traffic congestion increases. The problem is accentuated by the fact that they will be driving on narrow country roads.Increase car pollution and accidentsChange community spirit and traditional valuesIncrease population
29 ImpactsImprovements in local services - gas mains, TV and` cable, local schoolsSupport for a selection of local facilities - generally public houses and local builders (WHY?)
30 Effects on the Inner City The people who leave the inner city tend to be qualified and skilled.They are usually home ownersThis leaves behind an untrained workforce.People left behind are usually working class, semi skilled.Population decline means that the city looses out on local taxation revenue e.g. council tax.This means less funds for the key facilities decrease.
32 Moving back Some find rural life is not for them WHO? Young couples, older peopleWHY? Range of services, commuting, entertainmentWHERE TO? Apartments (secure), town houses
33 Plenary cube Using the random names I’ll throw the cube The sticks decide who answers the questions on today’s learning
34 Case Study : St Ives Cambridge Location:65m North of LondonLies on the A1123 just of the A14 which links St Ives with Cambridge and provides access to the A1 which is a road straight into London.Regular trains make the access to the cities of Cambridge and London very easy.
35 High car ownership within the village. What has attracted people to St Ives ?Housing in the area is affordableJourney times are much quick as a result of the new railway lines which have electrified.High car ownership within the village.
36 Evidence of change The Effects on St Ives The population structures of the town are changing from a once ageing village to a number of young people in the area.A large proportion of the people are working outside of the town25% of St Ives population commute to London every day.The Effects on St IvesThere have been a considerable number of new housing developments around the periphery of St Ives.There has been an increase in new exclusive apartments in and around the town and particularly along the river Ouse.People in St Ives have a higher income compared to the rest of the UK with higher incomes they can afford the higher travel costs to London, which may be for petrol or train fares.
37 The increased use of St Ives Railway Station Increasing demand for riverside apartments as a result of a large percentage of people wanting to retire to St IvesThere is an increasing proportion of people who can afford the rising cost of property (commuters) and the people who work on the farms, part time wages or training schemes.There is some resistance to the building of more homes from the local residents, but many of these do not want their newly chosen environment changed.The increased use of St Ives Railway Station
38 The double in value of the property in the area. The increase in construction of council housing in the area.The increase rate at which farm building conversions are taking place.Farm buildings are being turned into luxury property around St IvesCurrent Policy in ST Ives : Any further developments must make a positive contribution to the overall character of the area.