2In 2007 more than 105,000 people in the UK moved from urban to rural areas: This is knownas:Counter-urbanisation: the movement of people from major cities to smaller settlements and rural areas.COUNTERURBANISATION
3When people decide to leave the city... Counterurbanisation To know what counterurbanisation isTo understand the causes, consequences and solutions to counterurbanisationDO NOWUsing the images above produce a push and pull table for rural (countryside) and urban (towns or city) areasExtension: Will these be the same for an LEDC?
4Who is moving to rural areas? The most affluent and mobile peopleFamilies with children (keen to avoid the possible disadvantages of city locations)What are the push / pull factors?Traffic congestionPollutionFear of Crime (muggings, burglary and car theft)Rural dream (idea of the ‘rural idyll’ – pleasant surroundings, quiet etc.)Estate Agents, housing developers etc.. All encourage outward movement through new developments / building more houses and marketing these areas.
5What is the stereotyped view of counterurbanisation? People moving from the inner city or suburbs to isolated rural cottages with roses growing round the door.
6In reality counterurbanisation is... People moving to commuter villages. These are settlements that are a few miles away from a large urban area. Many of the new inhabitants commute back to the urban area to work.Railways and motorways can give affordable and quick access to places that are 60 miles away from city centres.Key definitionCommuter range the distance people will travel from their homes to their place of work
7What factors have helped counterurbanisation? Technological change – fax, blackberry, , phones, internet – led to growth of ‘teleworking’ or ‘electronic commuting’ (people working from home – encouraging rural living)Freezers, telephone, TV etc.. allow rural lifestyle but not isolationimprovements in road / motorway networks make commuting easier encouraging people to move out from the cities (gradually congestion sets in and cycle begins again)
8Key termsCommuter Range - The distance that people will travel from their home to place of work.Rurbanisation - Processes of bringing features of a city to rural areas.
9ActivityComplete the activity to identify the causes, effects and solutions to Counter-urbanisation in the UK
10Explain why people in MEDCs move from urban to rural areas (4) 1-2 marks: Identify 1 cause and 1 effect of counter-urbanisation:e.g. House prices in the city are too expensive so people move to the countryside, this can lead to a loss of rural characteristics because of new developments2-3 marks: explain one cause of counter-urbanisatione.g. People are now moving to the countryside because house prices are alot cheaper and because of improved technology like computers and theinternet this means more people are working from home.3-4 marks: well-developed explanation of 2 causesinternet this means more people are working from home, there are also better transport links and villages are being developed within the ‘commuter range’ .
12How might a traditional village compare to a commuter village? Commuter villages are a relatively recent concept (since 1980s) for people to travel easily to work in cities but live in the countrysideHousingModern; large family homes; estates; conversionsPopulation structureMiddle class, middle aged, familiesEmployment structureProfessional; skilled; work in urban areaTransportGood access to main urban areaServicesLarger schools, restaurants & more shops…Community spiritMinimal; divisions between local residents & newcomer commutersEnvironmentDegradation due to house building, transport pollution
13Small village one hour drive from Birmingham Cutnall Green, Worcestershire, UK – case study 1 for counterurbanisationSmall village one hour drive from BirminghamGrown from 300 to 400 people in last 5 yearsRead your case study sheet.Has Cutnall Green benefitted from counterurbanisation? Write a paragraph to explain your answer.Cutnall Green has benefitted from counterurbanisation because....... However, there are negative effects of counterurbanisation on Cutnall Green that include...... Therefore I conclude that it is a better/worse place to live because of counterurbanisationCutnall GreenLondon
15Case study 2: Skye bucks the Scottish Rural depopulation trend
16Case study 2: Skye bucks the Scottish Rural depopulation trend Answer questions using p192 of textbook.Why are people moving to Skye?What are the positives of counterurbanisation in Skye?What are the negatives of counterurbanisation in Skye?
22Better answer (6/6)Cutnall Green is a village in Worcestershire, UK that has been experiencing the trend of counter-urbanisation. The village has grown from people in the last 5 years.Cutnall Green has benefitted from counter-urbanisation because the influx of people, from cities such as Birmingham, helps to create demand for services. School closures have occurred in some rural areas as a result of falling rolls, however, Cutnall Green First School has seen rising numbers as a result of counter-urbanisation.Land value and average house prices have also risen due to increased demand. This benefits homeowners and landowners as they will now get a better return on their investment if they were to sell their property/land.However, rising house prices are also an issue of concern for some of the existing residents of Cutnall Green. Higher prices mean first time buyers may not be able to buy a home in the village and may be required to relocate elsewhere.The rising population is also altering the character of the village as there is pressure to build houses on vacant green land surrounding the village. Some existing residents dislike this as it is changing the character of the village and ruining the natural beauty of the area.In conclusion, counter-urbanisation brings both positive and negative impacts. Environmentally the impacts are mainly negative e.g. Building homes ....
23Plenary – discussion question Because more people want to live in rural areas due to counterurbanisation, houses in the countryside are becoming more expensive. Some local people are struggling to afford to buy in the villages they grew up in.Do you think that people who are born in a rural area should be given special help to be able to stay there?