Presentation on theme: "For people to think of moving life must be either:"— Presentation transcript:
1 For people to think of moving life must be either: F.Q.2 What migration movements are there within New Zealand and what are the associated issues?Why are people moving from place to place?People migrate because they want to improve their lives e.g more money, better education etcFor people to think of moving life must be either:Better in another place (pull factor)Bad where they live (push factor)For most it’s a mixture of both
2 Look how mobile we are : how often do we move in our lifetimes? Young people are more likely to move than other groups. 31% of all people who move from one area to another are likely to be aged between years.TASK: Draw a star diagram to give reasons why young people are more likely to move houses than any other age groups.HWK: Ask your parents how many homes they lived in between the ages of years. Do they fit this idea?
3 Moving affects both the region they have come from and the region they move to. Communities need to be aware of this so that changes can be made to cater for the new population.Although people move in almost all directions, there are some patterns of movement that are more dominant than others.
4 Dominant population movements Northward DriftRural to urban migration
5 Complete the activities in the box on page 51 F.Q.2 What migration movements are there within New Zealand and what are the associated issues?Head up F.Q.2… (we’re starting a new focussing question so write as above)Then:Complete the activities in the box on page 51Complete the activities in the box on page 52Get an outline map of NZ from Ms De Souza and copy the arrows from the 13.2 diagramGet ‘Rural- Urban’ drift’ question sheet from Ms De Souza and complete
6 Northward Drift: The population moves north The graph shows that the North Island has grown a lot faster than the South Island.Study the graph to find out which year the North Island ‘overtook’ the South Island.Is the difference getting less or more pronounced? Give 2 reasons for the rapid growth of the North Island.
7 Set the paragraphs out in sentences that: Directions of Internal movementTASK:Using the diagram (13.2 in textbook) and the information on the next slide:Convert the information shown by the arrows on the map into short paragraphs.Set the paragraphs out in sentences that:Make a general statement about a group of arrows.Explain the movement more exactly.Suggest reasons for the movement.
8 Why do people move north? TASK: write the following points down, listing next to each point whether it was a push factor or a pull factor (pushing out of southern areas, pulling people towards the north)End of the Otago gold rushes 1860’s.Maori wars ended brought peace and safety in the North Island for European settlement.Immigration policies encouraged people to live in the North Island.Opening up of the kauri fields in Northland.Development of dairy farming in the N.I.Increased urbanisation caused more diversity in jobs in the North IslandThe significance of Auckland as an urban area.
9 Rural to urban driftUse pages of the Population Studies textbook to complete the following:Is rural- urban drift simply from country to town?Why do people move to large towns/ large cities?What are the two main factors for people moving within cities?Multi-line graph (table and activity on next slide)Copy diagram 13.5 on page 54
10 Step-wise migrationRural-urban drift is not simply from country to town.People often move in steps eg country areas to small towns to small cities then finally to a big city.Called stepwise migrationQ: Why do people move in small steps from country areas to cities?E.G Matamata- Cambridge- Hamilton- Auckland
11 Why do people move to large towns/ large cities? Mechanisation on farms reduced employment.Greater accessibility to health and education. Also entertainment.Range of jobs available.To follow family members who have moved.Uncertainty of income in the country regions
12 Rural and urban population percentages in New Zealand, 1901-2003 Use the table below to draw a multi-line graph of the data – be sure to give your graph a title (including dates), label the axes, give your graph a key (one colour for rural and another for urban populations) and remember to start the graph on the y axis.YearRural Population %Urban Population %190154.445.6192631.6168.39194525.874.2196620.779.3198615.184.9199115.085.0200312.088.0
15 Intra-urban migration: people moving within cities Family circumstances change.Income and jobs change.Housing needs change.Different areas attract different types of people.
16 Moving within a city- changes with stages of life
17 Examples of intra-urban movement in Auckland Leaving home, studying at university e.g Mt Albert to Onehunga (flatting).First job e.g apartment in Eden Terrace, flat in Grey Lynn/ PonsonbyMarriage – renting house in Blockhouse BayFirst home – purchase home in AvondaleBigger family home in Mt Albert with arrival of first childLarger family home in Mt Eden – stay until retireRetirement area in Orewa.
18 Inter-urban migration Migration between cities.E.G from Wellington to AucklandWhy does this occur?Jobs often the main reason for this movement.
19 Counter flows Urban to rural – looking for a lifestyle change e.g… North to South – moving to South Island – change in lifestyle, cheaper accommodation, reunite with family.Large cities to small towns/coastal towns – retirement, cheaper housing costs.
20 Rural Depopulation Suburban sprawl Infill housing Gentrification F.Q.2 What are the effects of movements on the places of origin, destination and migrants themselvesWhat are the effects of movements on the places of originRural DepopulationWhat are the effects of movements on the destinationSuburban sprawlInfill housingGentrification
21 Suburban sprawl Urbanisation has caused suburban sprawl Trams brought the 1st wave of suburban development to NZ’s towns/ citiesBut after 1930’s cars were more popular!
22 Rapid urbanisation after the development of motorways caused the spread of residential suburbs in Auckland and Wellington…which caused:Commuter trafficTraffic congestionLoss of quality farmland
23 Recent trendsInfill housing: subdivision of property, to build more housesGentrification: renovation of poor and working class urban neighbourhoods and the displacement of the original residents
24 What differences are there in living conditions within NZ? Living conditions worksheet