2 Three Types of Road Signs Regulatory signsWarning signsGuidance signs
3 Regulatory Signs Regulate traffic speed and movement. Color : White with Black wording & bordersWhite with Red wordingShape: Mostly rectangular
4 (Regulate traffic speed and movement) more Regulatory Signs(Regulate traffic speed and movement)STOP SIGNOctagonRed & whiteYIELDInverted triangleDO NOT ENTERSquare with a red circleWRONG WAYRectangle
6 yellow & black wording or symbol Warning SignsColoryellow & black wording or symbolShapeMost diamondWarn a motorist ofRoad conditions2. School crossings3. Curved roadways4. IntersectionsSchool crossing Railroad crossing All othersPentagon Round Diamond
8 Road Work Signs Alerts motorists to a variety of temporary (Warning Sign)Alerts motorists to a variety of temporaryroadway conditionsLane closingsLane shiftsFlaggersUneven pavementDetoursChanging traffic patternsColor: OrangeShape: Diamond-shaped signs*****In New Jersey, all traffic fines are doubled in work zones*****
10 Guidance Signs Type 2 IDENTIFY ROUTES Interstate US Route Marker County Route MarkerState RouteMarker
11 Color Color provides information about motorist services. #4 Recreational Signs# 3 Motorist Service Signsprovides information aboutmotorist services.ColorBlue with white letters/symbolsPublic recreation and scenic guidance.ColorBrown with white letters/symbols
12 Slow Moving Vehicle sign Alert motorists to slow-moving vehicles.Fluorescent and reflective orange triangular signFarm and construction equipment operating on public highways.The operators must obey alltraffic rules and place a slow-moving vehicle sign on the back of their vehicles towarn approaching motorists.
14 Traffic Signals Red Light- A motorist must stop Yellow Light- A motorist should stop beforeentering the intersection or crosswalk, unlesstheir vehicle is so close to the intersectionthat it cannot be stopped safely.Green Light- A motorist should proceedthrough the intersection.Flashing Yellow Light-- Slow down and proceedwith care.Flashing Red Light-- Stop.
16 Pedestrian Signals Orange, Raised Palm Symbol Pedestrians must not leave the sidewalk or enter the roadwayWhite, Pedestrian SilhouettePedestrians may cross the roadway
17 Pavement Markings Yellow center lines: Separate traffic flow going in opposite directionsWhite lines:Separate traffic going the same way when there is more than one lane;show edges of roads (shoulder)Dashed lines:On a motorist’s side of the center line of theroad mean that passing is permitted when safeSolid line:On a motorist’s side of the center line meansdo not pass
18 Road arrows: Used with other signs, show the correct direction a motorist must make in that particular lane.White stop lines: Show where to stop at stop signs or traffic signalsEdge lines: Separates the shoulder from the travel lane and show the edges of highwaysWhite crosswalks: Pedestrian crossing.At intersections where stop lines areMissing, stop before the crosswalk NOT in the crosswalk.
20 White special markings: STOP AHEAD, SCHOOL and R X R, are used to alert a motorist to special situations.White diamonds:High occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanesFor vehicles carrying multiple riders.Marked with white diamonds
22 Using the S.I.P.D.E. Process S= SEARCH for possible hazards or risksI= IDENTIFY objects or conditions ahead that could interfere with your planned path of travel (look “12-15 seconds” ahead)P= PREDICT what the risk/hazard may do or how it will affect your path of drivingD= DECIDE your safest plan of actionE= EXECUTE your plan
23 How would you use the SIPDE process to navigate through this traffic scene?