Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Learning the Basics. Chapter 5 Signs, Signals, and Markings."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 2 Learning the Basics
Chapter 5 Signs, Signals, and Markings
What Are Regulatory Signs? Regulatory signs regulate or control the movement of traffic. These signs tell you and other drivers what you must do and what you must not do when you drive. Regulatory signs are red, white, black, green on white, or white on black
Regulatory Signs Regulatory Signs
Can you name some more Regulatory Signs?
What Actions Should You Take at Regulatory Signs? Regulatory signs give commands or set limits. When you see a stop sign, you must stop. When you see a yield sign, you must slow and yield right of way to traffic on the cross road or the road into which you are merging. A speed limit sign indicates the maximum speed you may drive under ideal conditions.
What are Warning Signs?
What Actions Should You Take at Warning Signs? When you see a warning sign, in-crease your level of alertness to changes in the roadway, in traffic, or in environmental conditions. Always proceed with caution.
What actions should you take at a Stop Sign? You must come to a full stop at a stop sign. Often a white stop line is painted on the pavement in line with the sign. There may be two white lines indicating a pedestrian cross-walk just beyond the stop line, or there may be walk lines and no stop line.
What should you do at a Yield Sign? A Yield Sign assigns right-of-way to traffic on certain approaches to an intersection. Vehicles controlled by a YIELD sign need stop only when necessary to avoid interference with other traffic that is given the right-of- way.
What does a Rail-road Crossbuck sign tell us? This sign is located where railroad tracks cross the roadway. Regardless of whether or not lights or gates are present, if a train is coming you must stop.
How do you know what signs are Warning Signs? All warning signs are either yellow or orange with black symbols or letters
School Area Signs When you see a school zone or school crossing sign, you must slow down and proceed with caution. Children may be playing nearby and may dart into the street. At a school crossing sign, give right of way to children crossing the roadway.
How do you proceed when you see this sign When you see a school zone or school crossing sign, you must slow down and proceed with caution. Children may be playing nearby and may dart into the street. At a school crossing sign, give right of way to children crossing the roadway.
Guide Signs As you travel along the roadways, you’ll see four kinds of guide signs. These signs give information about roadways and routes; the mileage to certain destinations; roadside ser-vices such as rest stops, service stations, and campsites; and recreational areas and nearby points of interest.
Route Makers Routes are the numbered road-ways that crisscross the continent. Interstate routes that lead into cities have three digits and begin with an odd digit. If a three-digit route begins with an even digit, the route goes around a city
Destination and Mileage Signs You’ll often see destination and mileage signs mounted over highway lanes. They tell you where you are, which lane to take to get to your destination, what exits are coming up, and how far away the exits are.
International Signs International signs are those that you can understand without knowing another language. The meaning is conveyed by their color, shape, symbols, and numbers.
Yellow or White Lines on the Roadway Yellow and white roadway lines provide directions or warnings for drivers. Yellow lines divide traffic traveling in opposite directions. White lines parallel to the roadway separate same-direction traffic into lanes. White lines perpendicular to the roadway indicate crosswalks, railroad crossings, and stop signs at intersections.
Broken White Line A broken white line separates two lanes traveling in the same direction. Once you have signaled, and if it is safe to do so, you may cross this line when changing lanes.
White Lane Lines White lane lines separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Single white lines may also mark the right edge of the pavement.
Solid with Turn Lane Arrow Solid white lines are used for turn lanes and to discourage lane changes near intersections. Arrows are often used with the white lines to show which turn may be made from the lane.
Two-Way Roadway with Center Lane Two-way roadway with a center lane for left turns in either direction of travel. The specially marked center turn lane is intended for slowing down and for sheltering turning vehicles and may not be used for passing.
Red Come to a complete stop at the marked stop line or before moving into the crosswalk or intersection. At most intersections, after stopping, you may turn right on red if the way is clear. Some intersections display a "NO TURN ON RED" sign, which you must obey. Left turns on a red light from a one-way street into a one-way street are also allowed
Yellow Stop if you can. The light will soon be red. Green Go - but only if the intersection is clear. Yield to pedestrians and vehicles still in the intersection. If turning left, wait for gap in oncoming traffic to complete a turn.
Flashing Signals A flashing red light means the same thing as a stop sign. It is used at dangerous intersections. A flashing yellow light means you may move forward with caution. It is used at, or just before, dangerous intersections, or to alert you to a warning sign such as a school crossing or sharp curve.
. When the "DON'T WALK" or "RAISED HAND" appears, you may not start across the street. The flashing signal means you should not begin to cross because you may not have enough time to make it to the other side before vehicles start moving across your path. If the flashing starts after you have already started Many street crossings have pedestrian signals that show the words "WALK" and "DON'T WALK" or show a "WALKING PERSON" in white and a "RAISED HAND" in orange. Pedestrian signals direct pedestrians while crossing the street. The "WALK" or "WALKING PERSON" appears when it is legal to start crossing
YELLOW ARROW arrow. - A yellow arrow means the "protected" turning time period is ending. Be prepared to obey the next signal that could be the green or red light or the red
Now turn to the page 95, in Chapter 5, and do the questions on that page and turn them in!