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Lesson 1 Traffic Controls 1 Signs Understanding Traffic Signs and Signals.

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1 Lesson 1 Traffic Controls 1 Signs Understanding Traffic Signs and Signals

2 Steady lights  Red –stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red  Yellow - a steady yellow light or arrow indicates that the light is about to change  Clear the intersection  Green – go IF the way is clear Steady lights  Red –stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red  Yellow - a steady yellow light or arrow indicates that the light is about to change  Clear the intersection  Green – go IF the way is clear Traffic Signals 2

3 Flashing Lights Traffic Signals 3 Flashing Red STOP before entering the intersection Flashing Yellow - Caution dangerous intersection Flashing Red STOP before entering the intersection Flashing Yellow - Caution dangerous intersection

4 Arrows You may proceed in the direction of the green arrow You may NOT proceed in the direction of the red arrow Traffic Signals 4

5 At some intersections you may turn right while the traffic light is red  BEFORE turning STOP  Check for traffic and pedestrians  Left, Straight, Right, THEN Left AGAIN You may NOT turn right on red if one of these signs is present At some intersections you may turn right while the traffic light is red  BEFORE turning STOP  Check for traffic and pedestrians  Left, Straight, Right, THEN Left AGAIN You may NOT turn right on red if one of these signs is present Right Turn on Red Traffic Signs 5

6 Left Turn on Red Left turn on red is permitted from one one-way street to another one-way street You must: Stop and Yield to other traffic and pedestrians You may NOT turn left on red if there is a sign prohibiting it Left turn on red is permitted from one one-way street to another one-way street You must: Stop and Yield to other traffic and pedestrians You may NOT turn left on red if there is a sign prohibiting it Traffic Signs 6

7 Red — prohibitive or stop Blue — motorist services Green — guide information, such as direction or guidance signs Yellow — general warning Red — prohibitive or stop Blue — motorist services Green — guide information, such as direction or guidance signs Yellow — general warning Traffic Signs Signs - Colors have Meaning Traffic Signs Signs - Colors have Meaning 7

8 Orange — construction and maintenance work White — regulatory signs Brown —recreational and cultural interest Fluorescent Optic Yellow Fluorescent Optic Yellow —school zones, school crossings and pedestrian crossings Orange — construction and maintenance work White — regulatory signs Brown —recreational and cultural interest Fluorescent Optic Yellow Fluorescent Optic Yellow —school zones, school crossings and pedestrian crossings Traffic Signs 8 Signs - Colors have Meaning

9 Octagon —Stop signs Triangle — Diamond Diamond — Warning Pentagon — School and School Crossings Pennant Pennant — Advance warning of No Passing Zones Octagon —Stop signs Triangle — Diamond Diamond — Warning Pentagon — School and School Crossings Pennant Pennant — Advance warning of No Passing Zones Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning 9 Label & Define (DMVM p.6):

10 Rectangle Rectangle — Regulatory or Guide Vertical indicates Regulatory Horizontal indicates directions or information Round - advance warning of Railroad Crossing Crossbuck – Railroad Crossing (same as a yield sign) Round - advance warning of Railroad Crossing Crossbuck – Railroad Crossing (same as a yield sign) 10 Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning

11 Traffic Signs Warning Signs Give advance warning of hazards to allow drivers time to safely minimize risks Yellow General Warning Orange Construction/ Work Zone 11

12 Note the difference between these signs! A school crossing sign is 5 sided (pentagon) A pedestrian crossing sign is a diamond shaped sign Winding road Slippery when wet – slow down when road surface is wet Traffic Signs 12

13 Guide Signs GUIDE drivers to their destination by identifying routes well in advance Green Traffic Signs 13

14 Traffic Signs Information Signs Services - Blue Recreation/Historical Landmarks- Brown INFORM drivers of motorist services and recreational facilities 14

15 Traffic Signs Regulatory Signs REGULATE the speed and movement/direction of traffic Red – Stop or Prohibitive White - Regulations 15

16 What does the sign mean? Review the Virginia Driver’s Manual What does the sign mean? Review the Virginia Driver’s Manual Divided highway begins Divided highway ends Slippery when wet Right curve- side road Right and left curves SHARP right and left curves Winding Road Low clearance Traffic Signs 16

17 No passing zone ahead Lane reserved for high occupancy vehicles Construction work zone ahead Slow moving vehicle travels 25 mph or less Crossbuck/gate down - Stop and remain stopped until the gate goes up What does the sign mean? Traffic Signs 17 LEFT LANE HOV-2 ONLY 6-8 AM MON-FRI

18 General Knowledge Test  Pavement Markings  Safe Driving  Speed Limits  Right of Way  Changing Lanes/Passing  Turning  Signals  Maintaining Space  Pavement Markings  Safe Driving  Speed Limits  Right of Way  Changing Lanes/Passing  Turning  Signals  Maintaining Space  Sharing the Road  Parking  Use of Lights  Dangerous Driving Behaviors  Aggressive Driving  Distracted  Alcohol/Drugs & Driving  Drowsy  Safety Belts, Air Bags & Child Safety Seats  Sharing the Road  Parking  Use of Lights  Dangerous Driving Behaviors  Aggressive Driving  Distracted  Alcohol/Drugs & Driving  Drowsy  Safety Belts, Air Bags & Child Safety Seats 80% needed to pass (20 out of 25 correct) Virginia Driver’s Manual -Sections 2, 3 & 4 80% needed to pass (20 out of 25 correct) Virginia Driver’s Manual -Sections 2, 3 & 4 Topics Virginia Learner’s Permit 18

19 Reflection How did you do? Continue to study! DMVM p. 5-10

20 Lesson 2 Understanding Pavement Markings Lesson 2 Understanding Pavement Markings 20

21 Yellow Line = Two-way Traffic White Line = One-way Traffic Solid Line = No Passing Broken Line = Pass With Caution Yellow Line = Two-way Traffic White Line = One-way Traffic Solid Line = No Passing Broken Line = Pass With Caution Pavement Markings Is this a one-way or two-way road? Would passing be allowed? Is this a one-way or two-way road? Would passing be allowed? 21

22 Traffic Flow Two way traffic no passing Two way traffic pass with caution Yellow Line Pavement Markings 22

23 Traffic Flow White Lines Stop line Left turn only - arrow No passing - solid line Stop line Left turn only - arrow No passing - solid line One-way traffic Broken - pass with caution One-way traffic Broken - pass with caution Pavement Markings 23

24 ONE WAY – pass with caution TWO WAY – no passing over solid lines Pavement Markings 24 Multi-Lane

25 Triangles painted on the pavement show that you must yield Pavement Markings 25

26 Pavement Markings This lane may continue straight or turn left Arrows Indicate the Flow of Traffic This lane must turn left 26

27 Shared Left Turn Lane  Traffic from both directions uses this lane to turn left  Do not travel more than 150 feet in this lane Shared Left Turn Lane  Traffic from both directions uses this lane to turn left  Do not travel more than 150 feet in this lane Pavement Markings 27

28 Pavement Markings Diamond Shaped Pavement Marking  HOV  Bus Lanes  Bicycle Lanes Diamond Shaped Pavement Marking  HOV  Bus Lanes  Bicycle Lanes 28

29 1. When approaching this pavement marking a. stop b. yield c. proceed with caution 1. When approaching this pavement marking a. stop b. yield c. proceed with caution Testing Your Knowledge 29

30 2. If you are driving in this lane, you must a.turn left b.turn right 2. If you are driving in this lane, you must a.turn left b.turn right Testing Your Knowledge 30

31 3. This roadway is a. one way – no passing b. one way – passing allowed c. two way – passing allowed 3. This roadway is a. one way – no passing b. one way – passing allowed c. two way – passing allowed Testing Your Knowledge 31


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