Presentation on theme: "Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings"— Presentation transcript:
1 Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings Chapter 2Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings
2 2.1 Traffic Signs Each sign shape and color have specific meanings By knowing the meanings of each shape and color it can give you valuable informationEach sign has a specific purpose
3 2.1 Traffic Signs Three Types of Signs Regulatory Sign- controls trafficWarning Sign- alerts you to possible hazards and road conditionsGuide Signs- gives directions
4 2.1 Traffic Signs Regulatory Sign These signs tells you about laws you must obeyMost important regulatory signs are STOP and YIELD and these have unique shapesAll other regulatory signs are either white squares or rectangles with red or black lettering
5 Regulatory Sign: Stop Stop Sign A STOP sign is used on a road that crosses a main highway or through street.You always must come to a full stop at this sign (and stop behind the stop line or crosswalk)You must also yield the right of way to:PedestriansOther vehicles in or approaching the intersection
6 At some intersections stop signs might be posted in all four corners Four Way StopAt some intersections stop signs might be posted in all four cornersFollow these steps when approaching:The driver who stopped first should be allowed to go firstWhen vehicles stop to the right or left of each other at the same time, the driver on the left should yield to the driver on the right.When stopped across the intersection facing oncoming traffic, the driver going straight should proceed, the driver turning left should wait.Show your intention to proceed by moving forward slowly before entering the intersectionCheck for traffic ahead and to the sides before entering intersection
8 Regulatory: Yield Yield To allow others to use the intersection before you doAlways slow down or stop and give the right of way to traffic when approaching the intersection
9 Regulatory Sign: Speed Limit Speed limit signs are used to manage traffic flow at safe speedsSpeed limit signs are set for IDEAL weather conditionsBasic Speed Law- when traffic, roadway, or weather conditions are not ideal, you may not drive faster than is safe and prudent for existing conditions, regardless of posted speed limitMinimum Speed Limit- is set on some roadways to keep traffic moving safely, (highways and expressways)This speed limit tells you not to drive slower than the posted minimum speed unless conditions are less than idealAdvisory Speed Limit: set for special conditions such as sharp curves
10 Other Regulatory Signs Other signs are used to direct traffic to turn or go straight, direct one-way traffic, control parking and passingSigns with red words on white or white words on red usually tell you what NOT to do.Black lettered words usually tell you what you CAN doBlack symbols in red circles crossed with a diagonal slash usually indicate something that is prohibited to do
14 School ZoneWarning SignsA school zone is a portion of the street or highway that is near a school and subject to special speed limits.A school zone sign only shows two children and it is posted within a block of the schoolA school crossing sign shows children in a crosswalk area*Be extra alert in a school zone. Children might dart out into the street without looking. They might ride bicycles on the wrong side of the road or take unexpected actions.
15 No-Passing Sign A yellow, pennant-shaped sign with black letters Warning SignsNo-Passing SignA yellow, pennant-shaped sign with black lettersUsually posted on the left side of the roadwayThis sign appears at the start of a no passing zone and provides advanced warning of where a no-passing zone starts.These signs are usually used together with a solid yellow line.
16 Construction Sign An orange sign in a diamond or rectangular shape These signs alert you to construction zonesBe ready to slow, stop, or drive around workers and equipmentFollow the directions from signs and workers directing trafficIn N.J., fines are DOUBLED in construction zonesWarning Signs
17 Warning SignsRailroad SignsThis sign is posted about 250 feet before a railroad crossing in an urban area and about 750 feet before the railroad in a rural area.
18 Guide SignsThese signs provides a variety of information such as marking routes, intersections, service areas, and other points of interest.Green guide signs provide information on destinations ahead and distances to be traveledBlue signs highlight highway services such as fuel, food, lodging, and nearby hospitalsBrown Signs direct you to recreation areas or cultural points of interest
19 International SignsThese signs convey information with symbols rather than words