2Regulatory SignsA sign that regulates or controls the movement of traffic.Tells driver what you must and must not do while driving.Signs are: red, white, black, green on white, or white on blackSigns generally have square and rectangular shapes.
3Shapes of Regulatory Signs Square or rectangular signs tell a driver what to do or not to doOctagon is only for stop signsTriangle pointing down always indicates a yield sign
4Warning SignsAlerts driver to changes in the condition or use of the road ahead.Signs are either yellow or orange with black symbols, majority of these signs are diamond shaped.
5Significance of the Shape and Color of Warning Signs Diamond shape, yellow with black letters – warns of possible hazards aheadPentagon shape, yellow with black letters – warns that there is a school crossing or school zone aheadPennant shape yellow with black letter – marks the beginning of a no passing zone
6Round, yellow with black letters – gives advance warning of a railroad crossing Orange, with black letters – warns of construction or repair activity
7Guide Signs Gives information about roadways and routes The mileage to certain destinationsRoadside services such as rest stops, service stations and campsitesRecreational areas and nearby points of interest.
8International SignsA sign that can be understood without knowing another languageThe meanings are understood by colors, shapes, symbols and numbers
9Pavement MarkingsRoadway lane markings provide advance warning not only to you as the driver, but other they indicate to you what other drivers can and cannot do as well.
10Yellow Lines Traffic is going in opposite directions A single solid yellow line marks the left edge of the roadway
11White Lines•White lines that are parallel to the roadway indicate traffic is moving in the same directionSingle white lines are to discourage high risk locations, but do not prohibit passing
12Road Work SignsAlert drivers to a variety of temporary roadway conditionsOrange, diamond shaped signs that warn motorist of:Lane closing, lane shifts, flaggers, uneven pavement and detoursIn NJ, all traffic fines are doubled in work zones
13Other Roadway Markings White arrows – direct drivers into lanes from which they can drive straight ahead, turn left or turn rightWhite arrows pointing alternately right and left – shared left–turn lanes indicating that vehicles moving in either direction can use the lane to make a turn into an entrance or another road
14Reversible lanes – at different times of day may be used by traffic moving in opposite directions
15Traffic Control Signals Keeps traffic moving in an orderly mannerRed – stop; Yellow – DO NOT ENTER THE INTERSECTION; Green - goFlashing red light – stop and proceed only when it is safe to do soFlashing yellow – slow down and proceed with caution
16Lane-Use Lights Red X – drivers are prohibited to drive in this lane Green arrow – drivers are permitted to drive in this laneYellow X – driver should get out of this lane, it will soon be a red X; flashing yellow – the lane can be used, with caution, for left turn movements only
17HOV High Occupancy vehicles White Diamonds Indicate high occupancy vehicle lanesReserved for a particular vehicle type or vehicle carrying multiple ridersAlso marked with white diamonds on the pavement
18Emergency Situations Skid DO NOT TOUCH the GAS PEDAL If the rear end of the vehicle starts to skidDO NOT TOUCH the GAS PEDALDo not make a quick turn away from the skidDo not over steerTry not to brake during a skidTurn in the direction in which the rear of the vehicle is skidding
19Emergency Stops On paved shoulder Unpaved shoulder Signal first and then steer onto shoulder, then slow downUnpaved shoulderSignal, slow down, then steer to shoulderDusk, darkness or bad weatherTurn on vehicle parking lights or hazard lights once on the shoulder of the roadway
20Emergency Situations Cont Running off the pavementSlow down and turn back onto the pavement slowlyTire BlowoutGrip the steering wheel firmlyKeep the vehicle going straightSlow down graduallyDo not press the gas or brake
21Emergency Situations Cont Windshield Wiper FailureSlow down if they fail during rain or snow stormsRoll down drive side window and look out of it to see the roadPull off of the road and stop
22Accidents Avoiding Collisions Emergencies do arise, remember these three thingsStopStop hard will cause the car to skidTurn quicklyTurn away from the collisionSpeed upTo avoid the collision from the side or behind
23Last Minute Choices Few seconds before collision, try not to panic. If collision looks imminent, turn away from oncoming traffic even if it means leaving the roadwaytry to hit something that will give waytry to make it a glancing blow or sideswipe