Presentation on theme: "Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings"— Presentation transcript:
1 Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings How many traffic signs can you list?Traffic sign video
2 Traffic Signs 3 Types Different shapes and colors Regulatory Warning GuideDifferent shapes and colorsHelp from distanceValuable information
3 Types of Signs: Regulatory Laws you must obeyHelp control trafficMost important:Stop and yield (red and black)All others are white squares/rectangles with red/black letteringAlso direct traffic what direction it should move in(one way, right turn only ect)Control parking and passing regulations
4 Types of Signs: Warning Avoid a surprise situationShape:Diamond- most commonCircle- ex. railroad warningPentagon- ex. school crossingPennant- ex. no passing zoneBackground: YellowWarning of danger up ahead.Tells driver to slow down and proceed cautiouslySymbols/Lettering: BlackOther warning signConstruction signsOrange
5 Types of Signs: Guide Guide Provides a variety of informationMark routes, intersections, service areas, and other points of interest or informationLocal, state, US, and interstate route signsWhiteInformation/ distance-GreenHighway service (fuel, food, lodging, and nearby hospital)BlueRecreation area or cultural points of interestBrown
6 Partner WorkTake the list you made at the beginning of class of all the signs you could name.Circle the ones we discussed and you hadStar the ones you had and we did not mentionList 5 more that you did not have and we discussed.Share with partner, then class discussion
7 International Signs International signs- Convey information with symbols rather than words.International drivers can travel to other countries and understand the signs without having to learn the language.
8 Review What do the eight shapes and colors of traffic signs mean? What action should you take at STOP, YIELD, and speed limit signs?What are some situations where warning signs might be used?What information do guide signs and international signs provide?Pick 3 questions and answer them on a separate sheet on paper.
9 Traffic LightsTraffic lights, arrows, flashing signals, and pedestrian signals are used to help traffic flow smoothly.Green- Bottom or right of the traffic signalProceed only if intersection is clearCheck left, front, and rightYellow- center of traffic signalMake every effort to stop safelyIf you can not proceed with cautionRed- Top or left of traffic signalMust come to full stopStop behind line, crosswalk, or before entering the intersection
10 Right and Left Turns on Red Right-Turn-on-RedAll states now allow drivers to make a right-turn-on-redMust come to a complete stop, just like a stop signMove to where you can see clearlyYou must yield the right of way to any vehicle or pedestrian in, or approaching, the intersectionLeft-Turn-on-RedSome states permit this type of turn from a one-way street to another one-way streetMust also come to complete stopFew allow left-turns on a red light from a left turn lane into a one-way street.Check local laws
11 Flashing Signals and Arrows Alerts drivers to dangerous conditions or tells them to stopSeen at intersections and other dangerous locationsFull stop at flashing red signalSlow down at yellow flashing and proceed only when intersection is clearArrowsGreen arrow- proceed in that shown directionRemember to yield to pedestrians and other trafficYellow arrow- warning, a red arrow is about to appearRed arrow- STOP you may not go in that direction
12 Signals Cont….. Lane signals Pedestrian signals Officer’s signal Signal, usually overhead, that tells whether a lane can or cannot be used at a specific timePedestrian signalsSignal used at heavy traffic intersections that tells pedestrians whether they should walk or waitOfficer’s signalAlways obey signals given by officers even if they contradict the traffic signal
13 Review Break into 4 groups Each group will be given a different intersection on a poster board with a different traffic light and the direction their car is headedStudents will have to explain and show what they as the driver have to do as they approach the intersectionGroups will present to the class
14 Roadway Markings Video Yellow Lines Video Yellow lines- separate traffic in opposite directionsBroken line- driver may pass only when no traffic is coming from the opposite directionSolid line- cannot pass, divides trafficTwo solid yellow lines that divide traffic prohibit passing that involves crossing the solid yellow line.
15 Roadway Markings White Lines White lines- Separate traffic in same directionAlso mark crosswalks and stop linesBroken line- Separate lanes of traffic that are moving in the same directionSolid line- Keeps drivers in their lane and restricts lane changing, and cannot crossWhite arrows -tell you when and where to turnWhen accompanied with the word “ONLY” the driver must continue in the direction of the arrow
16 Other Roadway Markings Rumble strips-Sections of rough pavement intended to alert drivers of approaching roadway construction, tollbooth plaza, or other traffic conditionsAlert you through the noise in your tiers when moving over themRailroadSchool CrossingNo ParkingHandicapped Parking Only
17 ReviewWhat is the difference between a broken line on the road or a solid line and explain what is different if one is white or yellow?
18 Project Create a poster with a partner of a neighborhood containing: 5 traffic lights5 signs5 different intersections5 lines (yellow and white combined)