Presentation on theme: "Describe difference between a shared left-turn lane and a left turn lane. Describe what actions to take with pedestrian signals and traffic control officers'’"— Presentation transcript:
1 Describe difference between a shared left-turn lane and a left turn lane. Describe what actions to take with pedestrian signals and traffic control officers'’ signals.What do you do at a flashing yellow light and a flashing red light.Bell Ringer
3 Learning ObjectivesState the meaning of the eight shapes and eight colors used for traffic signs.Describe the actions to take at STOP, YIELD, and speed limit signs.List five situations where warning signs might be used.Explain what to do at a green light, yellow light, and a red light.Describe the action to take when you approach a flashing red signal or a flashing yellow signal.
4 Describe what actions to take with pedestrian signals and traffic control officers'’ signals Describe difference between a shared left-turn lane and a left turn lane.
5 The purpose of signs Control flow of traffic Provide guidance for motoristsRegulate the roadwayProvide crucial information to motoristsShape and color tells the motorist something about the sign
6 Traffics Signals Red Light A motorist must stop before the intersection or crosswalk and remain stopped until the light changes to green.
7 Yellow LightA motorist should stop before entering the intersection or crosswalk, unless his/her vehicle is so close to the intersection that it cannot be stopped safely
8 Green LightA motorist should proceed through the intersection. Yield to pedestrians and vehicles still in the intersection and when turning left or right. Before making a left turn, yield to approaching vehicles.
9 Traffic Signals Continued Green ArrowWhen shown alone or in combination with the red signal, proceed only as shown by the arrow. (protected left/right turn)Flashing Yellow LightSlow down and proceed with care.Flashing Red LightStop. Yield to traffic and pedestrians. Go only when safe.
10 More Traffic Signals Unlit Signal Treat as four-way-stop Pedestrian CrossingOrange hand- Do Not WalkWhite silhouette- cross with cautionCountdown- remaining time to cross
11 Three types of signsWarning- Warn motorists of hazards ahead that are difficult to see.Guidance: Guide motorists to a destination by clearly identifying the route.Regulatory: Regulate traffic speed and movement.Warning signs- are for road conditions that need caution and for specific hazards that may be encountered during certain road operations. Diamond shaped and yellow
12 Warning SignsDiamond Shaped Warning Signs - most are diamond shaped with yellow background and black letteringWarn of danger aheadBe prepared to slow or stop when you see a warning sign
13 School SignSchool Zone – is a portion of a street or highway near a school that is subject to special speed limitsSchool Crossing – is a intersection or crossing used by school children
14 Railroad SignsRailroad Crossing Sign – round yellow sign with a black X and 2 black R’s250 ft before crossing in Urban area750ft before crossing is rural areaCross buck – the crossing will be marked with the cross buck and may have flashing red lights or a gate
15 Road Work SignsAn orange sign in a diamond or rectangle shaped signs that warn the motorist of lane closings, lane shifts, flaggers, uneven pavement and detours.Reduced speed limit signs that are posted alongside orange work zone signs.
16 Construction Signs An orange sign in a diamond or rectangle shape Be ready to stop, slow, or drive around workers and equipmentFollow directions from signs and workers direction trafficNew Jersey increases fines for violations in construction zones
17 Guide SignsLocal, state, and interstate routes are posted with route signsSigns vary according to the type of roadwayGreen signs provide information on destinationsBlue signs guide you to services near the highwayBrown signs indicate a point of interest such as recreational attractions or state parks .
18 Guidance SignsGuidance signs identify destinations and routes for motoristsMotorist service signs have white letters or symbols on a blue background and provide information about motorist services.
19 Route SignsU.S. Route Marker State Route Marker County Route Marker
20 Route Signs continuedInterstate Route Marker An east-west route is even-numbered. A north-south route is odd-numbered.
21 Route Signs continuedA three-figured route that starts with an odd number leads into a city. A three figured route that starts with an even number goes around a city.
22 Regulatory SignsRegulatory signs are generally rectangular, with the longer vertical dimension, and have black wording and borders on a white background.ExamplesStopYieldDo not enter
23 Regulatory SignsRight of way – means that you accept the privilege of immediate use of the roadway4 way stop (all way stop)First driver stopped goes firstVehicles stopped at the same time, vehicle on right goes firstDriver turning left should wait for driver going straight
24 Regulatory Signs Yield Sign – red and white triangle Always slow or stop, and give the right of way to traffic when approachingCan proceed without completely stopping, but always be prepared to stopProceed without affecting the flow of traffic
25 Regulatory SignsSpeed Limit Sign – used to manage traffic flow at safe speedsSpeed limits are for ideal driving conditionsMinimum Speed Limits – Set on expressways to keep traffic moving safelyAdvisory speed limits – set for special conditions like sharp curves and school zones
26 Regulatory Signs Other Signs Turns and Lanes One way Control parking and passing
27 Regulatory Signs Cont. Right Turn on Red This is making a right turn when the traffic signal is red.Treat light like stop a signIf there is a no turn on red sign is posted. You can not make the turn
28 Roadway MarkingsGives you warning or direction. These are lines, words, or arrows painted on the roadway.Broken Yellow Line – separates two way traffic and my pass when no traffic is coming from the opposite direction
29 Roadway MarkingsSolid Yellow Line – indicates that passing is not allowedTurning left across a solid line is allowed after yielding to oncoming traffic
30 Roadway MarkingsBroken White lines – separate lanes of traffic moving in the same directionSolid white lines keep drivers in their lanes and you should not cross themSolid white lines are also used in crosswalks and stop lines
31 Roadway Markings White arrows in lanes tell you when and where to turn If you are in a lane with an arrow you must continue in the direction of the arrow
32 Roadway MarkingsRumble Strips – are short sections of corrugated roadwayThey alert you by noise when you drive over themAlso used before unexpected stops like a toll plaza
33 Rumble StripsTransverse and longitudinal rumble strips are small indentations or narrow, raised strips on the highway or shoulderWake the motorist who may have dozed off or caution the motorist about the danger ahead