Presentation on theme: "World War II in the Pacific. What actions did the Japanese take in the months after bombing Pearl Harbor? Invaded Clark Field in the Philippines Invaded."— Presentation transcript:
World War II in the Pacific
What actions did the Japanese take in the months after bombing Pearl Harbor? Invaded Clark Field in the Philippines Invaded and took control of the Philippine Islands
Pearl Harbor (p. 754)
Japanese Expansion Before World War II
Bataan Death March On Philippine Island Led to the deaths of 10,000+ Filipino and American prisoners
How did the Allies stop the Japanese from overrunning Australia? Battle of the Coral Sea - US Navy sank one Japanese aircraft carrier and severely damaged two others Prevented Japanese from establishing bases needed to bomb Australia from prior to an invasion
Battle of the Coral Sea Both navies not in sight of each other Aircraft carrier vs. Aircraft carrier Strategic US victory Tactical draw Prevented Japanese invasion of Australia
Map 26.5 World War II in the Pacific, 1941–1942 (p. 772)
How did the Allies turn the tide of the war in the Pacific? Critical victory at Midway Island (June 1942) - prevented any more Japanese offensive actions in the Pacific Allowed the Allies to take the offensive in the Pacific
Battle of Midway June major US victory - Admiral Nimitz US intercepted Japanese code and were waiting when Japanese fleet arrived 4 Japanese carriers sunk Allowed Allies to take the offensive in the Pacific.
Map 26.6 World War II in the Pacific, 1943–1945 (p. 773)
What success did the Allies have with their island-hopping strategy? Great success - heavy casualties Put them in a position to reach Japan with long range bombers.
Battle of Guadalcanal Aug 1942-Feb 1943 Brutal island fighting US victory - demonstrated US ability to take control of Japanese held islands Prevented Japanese from establishing bases from which to invade Australia
United States Advances in the Pacific, 1942–1945
How did the decision to build and use the atomic bombs on Japan come about? Suggestion from Albert Einstein moved FDR to authorize development of an atomic bomb Scientific and technological ability Advisory group could not recommend any alternatives.
Battle of Iwo Jima Bloody fighting Famous picture Movie: –Sands of Iwo Jima –Flags of our Fathers Opened way for potential invasion of Japan Demonstrated how costly invasion could be in terms of human life
Battle of Okinawa Bloody fighting Opened way for potential invasion of Japan Demonstrated how costly invasion could be in terms of human life
Iwo Jima and Okinawa
World War II in the Pacific
kamikaze Japanese for “divine wind” - religious significance historically Suicide pilots intended to destroy enemy (US) ships Damaged some ships but did not alter outcome of battles at sea
What effects did dropping the atomic bombs have? Destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan Led to Japanese surrender (August 14, official September 2, 1945) Killed and injured thousands of Japanese
Manhattan Project Top secret project that led to the development of the first atomic bomb - tested July 1945 in Los Alamos, New Mexico Best scientists, physicists, engineers