5Bataan Death March On Philippine Island Led to the deaths of 10,000+ Filipino and American prisoners
6How did the Allies stop the Japanese from overrunning Australia? Battle of the Coral Sea - US Navy sank one Japanese aircraft carrier and severely damaged two othersPrevented Japanese from establishing bases needed to bomb Australia from prior to an invasion
7Battle of the Coral Sea Both navies not in sight of each other Aircraft carrier vs. Aircraft carrierStrategic US victoryTactical drawPrevented Japanese invasion of Australia
8Map 26.5 World War II in the Pacific, 1941–1942 (p. 772)
9How did the Allies turn the tide of the war in the Pacific? Critical victory at Midway Island (June 1942) - prevented any more Japanese offensive actions in the PacificAllowed the Allies to take the offensive in the Pacific
10Battle of Midway June 1942 - major US victory - Admiral Nimitz US intercepted Japanese code and were waiting when Japanese fleet arrived4 Japanese carriers sunkAllowed Allies to take the offensive in the Pacific.
11Map 26.6 World War II in the Pacific, 1943–1945 (p. 773)
12What success did the Allies have with their island-hopping strategy? Great success - heavy casualtiesPut them in a position to reach Japan with long range bombers.
13Battle of Guadalcanal Aug 1942-Feb 1943 Brutal island fighting US victory - demonstrated US ability to take control of Japanese held islandsPrevented Japanese from establishing bases from which to invade Australia
15United States Advances in the Pacific, 1942–1945
16How did the decision to build and use the atomic bombs on Japan come about? Suggestion from Albert Einstein moved FDR to authorize development of an atomic bombScientific and technological abilityAdvisory group could not recommend any alternatives.
17Battle of Iwo Jima Bloody fighting Famous picture Movie: Sands of Iwo JimaFlags of our FathersOpened way for potential invasion of JapanDemonstrated how costly invasion could be in terms of human life
18Battle of Okinawa Bloody fighting Opened way for potential invasion of JapanDemonstrated how costly invasion could be in terms of human life