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WWII – What you need to know

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1 WWII – What you need to know
Major Events of World War II

2 Major Events of WWII Pre US Involvement
1939 Japan is expanding in Asia, Germany invades Poland, WWII begins By 1940 Germany controls most of Europe Battle of Britain USSR is neutral Early 1941 USSR invaded, US begins Lend Lease, Japan threatening Philippines

3 December 5, 1941

4 Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941 Q: What was attacked?
A: US naval base in Hawaii Q: Why was it attacked? A: US had cut off sales of fuel / raw materials to Japan. In response, Japan was going to attack Malaysia and the Philippines. This was clearly going to get the US involved, this was an attempt to cripple them first. Q: What was the result? A: Shocked, angered Americans, US joins war.


6 Once US is in… then what? War in Pacific: US loses territory, Guam, Wake Island, Philippines Philippines – Main US possession in Pacific, MacArthur leaves Philippines vowing, “I shall return” Last US forces in Philippines surrender: Bataan Death March

7 February 13, 1942


9 Battle of Midway Summer 1942 – US strikes back
Major naval battle, cripples Japanese fleet Pacific War becomes “Island Hopping” campaign: amphibious landings, jungle warfare Major Island Hopping Battles = Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, Okinawa Japanese Warrior Code = death before surrender


11 General Patton General Eisenhower

12 Air war based from England – firebombing of German cities
Russia pressuring US to invade France El Alamein, turns tide in N. Africa Stalingrad, turns tide in USSR Invasion of Sicily, first American fighting in mainland Europe War in Europe

13 D-Day (Operation Overlord)
June 6, 1944 Largest amphibious landing ever Difficulty of invasion Use of espionage Success at Normandy leads to “toe hold” in Europe Battle of the Bulge – last German Offensive


15 Yalta Conference Feb 1945 “Big Three” devise end of war strategy
Allow Soviets to take Berlin Sets up Cold War Why did US give in to USSR? Help in Pacific War V-E day (May 8, 1945) and the discovery of the camps


17 Wedding Rings from Executed Prisoners at Aushwitz



20 End of War in Pacific Island hopping has been successful, but very costly Faced with prospect of invading Japan, US wants help Truman becomes President, learns of Manhattan Project August 1945 atomic bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan Surrenders – War is over (V-J Day Aug 14-15; Sept 2, 1945)

21 The BOMB Truman is new President Conflict with Soviets re: Europe
Bloodbaths in island hopping Enola Gay, Little Boy, Fat Man Hiroshima, Nagasaki 100k Dead each Surrender


23 May 2, 1942

24 June 24, 1942

25 June 30, 1942


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