Presentation on theme: "Section 4 The Power of the Church"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 4 The Power of the Church Chapter 13Section 4The Power of the Church
2 The Far-Reaching Authority of the Church Pope Gelasius2 swords
3 The Structure of the Church Power based on statusPopeClergy (bishops and priests)Priests
4 Religions as a Unifying Force Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among peopleChurch bonded peopleEveryone could gain salvationSacraments administeredBaptism, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Order, Anointing the Sick
5 The Law of the Church Church’s authority religious and political All subject to canon lawWhat is it?What two things could happen if you don’t follow it?ExcommunicationBanishmentDenied salvationAll vassals freedInterdictSacraments and religious services could not be performed in king’s lands
6 The Church and the Holy Roman Empire Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor in 800
7 Otto I (Otto the Great) Allies with the Church Followed Charlemagne’s policiesClose alliance with ChurchWhat else did he do that Charlemagne had done?Did you know…?
8 Signs of Further Conflicts Otto created the Holy Roman Empire (German-Italian empire)Caused trouble forFuture German leadersPopes and Italian nobles
9 The Emperor Clashes with the Pope Church was not happy. Why?Kings had control over clergy and officesLay investitureWhat is it?Pope Gregory VII banned lay investiture
10 The Emperor Clashes with the Pope Continued German emperor, Henry IV, ordered Gregory to step downGregory excommunicated HenryHenry tried to win pope’s forgiveness
11 Showdown at Canossa (Italian town that Gregory was visiting) Henry went to see GregoryWhat happened?What was the result?Was there a winner?In review…Henry was _________Henry punished _____________
12 Concordat of WormsChurch representatives and emperor met in German city of WormsWhat was discussed?CompromiseChurch appoints bishopEmperor can veto
13 Disorder in the EmpireFrederick I became German kingBarbarossa
14 The Reign of Frederick I 1st to call his land Holy Roman EmpireInvaded cities of ItalyPope joins Lombard LeagueWhat happened at the Battle of Legnano?Frederick I drowned and empire fell apart
15 German States Remain Separate Reasons:Future German kings fought with Italian cities and pope.German princes elected the king weakened royal authority.