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World History Chapter 13D The Church Wields Power.

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Presentation on theme: "World History Chapter 13D The Church Wields Power."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History Chapter 13D The Church Wields Power

2 The Scope of Church Authority The Catholic Church starts to control not only the Church but also the Kingdoms in Europe This leads to conflict throughout the Middle Ages The Church Structure: 1.The Pope is the head of the Church and he lives in Rome 2.Bishops supervised priests and they settled disputes over religious practices and teachings 3.The priest was the lowest ranking clergy and he served as a local contact with the people

3 The Church Used religion to Unify Europe The Church provided stability in times of turmoil The Middle Ages are called “The Age of Faith” Priests and religious officials administered sacraments (important religious ceremonies). These sacraments are seen as the way to eternal salvation

4 Church Justice All Christians were subject to Cannon Law- The law of the Church. The Church establishes courts and these tried people who violated cannon law There are numerous penalties for breaking Cannon Law. The two most severe penalties were:

5 Continued 1.Excommunication-This meant getting kicked out of the Church. This meant that you were surely going to go to Hell 2.Interdict-this was a ban on religious services and sacraments in a whole country or region

6 The Church and The Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire came into being after the death of Charlemagne It all starts with Otto I and he becomes King of Germany in 936 He admired Charlemagne He limited the power of the nobles He gained the support of the Bishops and Abbots (the heads of Monasteries) For his efforts in helping the Pope in Italy he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 962

7 Holy Roman Emperor Otto I

8 The Holy Roman Emperor Clashes with the Pope Conflicts arise between the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope The Pope begins to resent the power and influence of the Holy Roman Emperor The Pope also wants control over Lay Investiture. This is defined as the appointment of Church officials by kings In 1075 Pope Gregory VII bans Lay Investiture

9 Conflict Over this Continues Until 1122 The Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor reach a compromise called the Concordat of Worms Only the Pope can appoint Bishops The Holy Roman Emperor can veto any appointment

10 The Concordat of Worms

11 Frederick I The German Princes realize they need a strong Emperor and they elect Frederick I His nickname is Barbarossa He dominated but did not fully control the numerous German Princes The Pope, along with several rich Italian cities, formed the Lombard League to fight Frederick The League defeats Frederick at the Battle of Legano-the first time in history where foot soldiers defeat mounted knights

12 Frederick I

13 Classwork/Homework Complete Your Test Review

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