Presentation on theme: "The Medieval Church SSWH 7"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Medieval Church SSWH 7 b. Describe the political impact of Christianity; include Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV of Germany (Holy Roman Emperor).c. Explain the role of the church in medieval society.
2 The Role of the ChurchThe church was able to survive during the Middle Ages because of:Alliances with FranceMonasteries (religious communities of people who devoted their lives to God; located in remote countryside)Secular power (more focus on worldly & political matters)
3 The Power of the Church Religious Authority Political Authority Salvation –promise of life after deathSacraments – religious ceremonies (like baptism & marriage) that provided salvationThe Village Church – center of Medieval religious & social lifeCanon Law – laws & courts established by the churchPunishments:Excommunication – banishment from church (denial of salvation & freeing of vassals under your power)Interdict – prohibition (forbidding) of sacraments in your land
4 Church alliance with France ClovisConverted to Christianity Allied with the church and united FrancePepin the ShortPope named him “King by the grace of god.” This was the first time that the church officially gave power to a king.CharlemagneSpread Christianity through Europe & named “Holy Roman Emperor” by the Pope in 800 – joining of Germanic power, the Church, & Roman heritage
5 Conflicts between Religion and Politics Traditionally, the Emperor would allow the Pope to handle religious matters.The Pope, in turn, would leave political matters to the Emperor.However, as the church began to expand it’s power, conflicts arose.In particular, one major conflict arose over the issue of lay investiture, or the power of kings to appoint important church officials.
6 Political Impact of Christianity Timeline of Key Events
7 800 ADIn 800 AD, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor. This was one of the first times a pope had exercised the political right of naming an Emperor.
9 In 936, Otto the Great was crowned emperor, continuing the practice. 936 ADIn 936, Otto the Great was crowned emperor, continuing the practice.Holy Roman Empire that was created by Otto the Great’s alliance with the church became the strongest state in Europe.
11 1075 ADIn 1075, Pope Gregory VII banned the practice of lay investiture. Emperors could no longer appoint important church officials.The banning of lay investiture made German Emperor Henry IV furious with the church.
12 As a result, Pope Gregory VII excommunicated Henry. 1075 ADKing Henry IV called a meeting of all important church officials in his empire and called on Pope Gregory to step down.As a result, Pope Gregory VII excommunicated Henry.
13 Finally, the pope forgave him. Henry IV traveled to the pope’s Italian residence and stood outside in the snow for 3 days begging forgiveness.Finally, the pope forgave him.1077 AD
14 1122 ADIn 1122, an agreement was signed between the church and the emperor. This agreement was called the Concordant of Worms.It stated that only the pope could appoint bishops, but that the king could refuse to approve these appointments.
15 The Crusades, the church engaged in a series of holy wars, known as the Crusades.Goals:Political – reclaim territory conquered by Muslim Empire (especially Jerusalem – the Holy Land)Economic –merchants profited by loaning money for the journey; people wanted access to Muslim trade routesSocial – promise of salvation & glory
17 Impact of the CrusadesWomen – opportunities to manage estates, shops, & innsMerchants (European & Muslim) – benefitted from trade (spices, fruit, cloth)Pope – failure of the Crusades weakened his powerKings – increased their powerMuslims – legacy of bitterness & hatred